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研究生:楊定燕
論文名稱:護專學生生活壓力、完美主義與飲食異常之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):Relationships among Life Stress, Perfectionism and Eating Disorders in College Nursing Students
指導教授:蕭淑惠蕭淑惠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:護生生活壓力完美主義飲食異常
外文關鍵詞:college nursing studentsstressperfectionismeating disorders
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  • 被引用被引用:2
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本研究目的在瞭解護專學生在學期間之飲食異常現狀,並探討其與生活壓力、完美主義得分間之關係。本研究採結構式問卷調查法,以北部三所五年制護理科在籍學生為研究對象(共989名)。研究工具共有四部分,包括基本資料、生活壓力量表、多層面完美主義量表與飲食態度量表。所得資料以描述統計、單因子變異數分析、t考驗、積差相關、多元逐步迴歸等統計方法加以分析。本研究結果發現,整體上12.8%的護生有飲食異常傾向,且飲食異常與生活壓力及完美主義有顯著相關。將生活壓力及完美主義各層面對於飲食異常進行預測時,其中以「在乎失誤」(CM)、「感情問題」(RP)、「組織」(O)、「父母責難」(PC)、「重大生活事件」(MLE)、「經濟問題」(FP)、「課業壓力」(AD)等得分對飲食異常的預測力最佳。在背景變項方面,不同年級和不同運動參與程度的護生在飲食異常得分並無顯著差異;而BMI和不同程度的體重控制行為在飲食異常得分上有顯著差異。飲食異常高分組的護生在生活壓力與完美主義上的得分顯著高於飲食異常低分組的護生。根據以上研究結果,本研究提出對護專學生諮商輔導與未來研究之建議以供參考。
The aim of the present study was to understand the prevalence of eating disorders among college nursing students and to investigate the relationship among stress, perfectionism and eating disorders. Participants of this study were 989 college nursing students enrolled in a five-year college program in the greater Taipei area. The instrument used is a structured questionnaire which comprised four parts: background information, the Life Stress Scale, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), and the Eating Attitude Test (EAT). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson’s correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The results suggest that 12.8% of the college nursing students are at risk for eating disorders; and stress and perfectionism are positively correlated with eating disorders. When tested which dimensions of stress and perfectionism were most predictive of eating disorders, the results indicate that Concern over Mistakes, Relationship Problems, Organization, Parental Criticism, Major Life Events, Financial Problems and Academic Demands were shown to be the best predictors of eating disorders. There were significant differences in BMI and weight control behaviors with regard to eating disorders. However, there were no differences in different years of study and different levels of sports participation with regard to eating disorders. Nursing students in High EAT group have significantly higher stress and perfectionism than those in the Low EAT group. Suggestions on directions of future research and clinical implications were proposed based on the findings of current study.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .II
LIST OF TABLES V
ABSTRACT VI
CHINESE ABSTRACT VII
CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION 1
Research Motives 1
Purpose of the Study 4
Research Goals 4
Research Questions 6
Hypotheses 6
Definition of Terms 7
CHAPTER 2 – LITERATURE REVIEW 8
Stress in Nursing Students 8
Eating Disorders 12
Stress and Eating Disorders 19
Perfectionism 24
Perfectionism and Eating Disorders 28
Perfectionism and Stress in Eating Disorders 33
CHAPTER 3 – METHODOLOGY 35
Participants 35
Procedure 35
Instrumentation 36
Data Screening 40
Data Analysis 41
CHAPTER 4 – RESULTS 42
Descriptive Statistics of Demographic Background 43
Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in College Nursing Students 45
Differences in Eating Disorders among College Nursing Students with Different Demographic Background Variables 48
Sources of Stress in the Lives of College Nursing Students 52
Perfectionism among College Nursing Students 53
Correlations among Stress, Perfectionism and Eating Disorders 54
Predictability of Stress and Perfectionism on Eating Disorders 57
Differences between High and Low EAT Groups on Stress and Perfectionism 59
CHAPTER 5 – DISCUSSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 61
Discussion 61
Limitations and Suggestions 70
REFERENCES 74
APPENDIXES 86
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