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研究生:陳映宇
研究生(外文):Ying-Yu, Chen
論文名稱:紫外線對安氏偽鏢水蚤(Pseudodiaptomusannandalei)游泳行為的影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of UV radiation on the Pseudodiaptomus annandalei swimming behavior
指導教授:黃將修
指導教授(外文):Jiang-Shiou, Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:紫外線安氏偽鏢水蚤行為橈足類
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紫外線會抑制浮游生物的游泳行為,導致其受捕食的機會增加。
本研究主要在瞭解光線環境因子的變動之下, 安氏偽鏢水蚤
(Pseudodiaptomous annandalei )不同性別的行為變化。實驗使用的光源
為可見光、無光和紫外線(UV-A、UV-B),紫外線依光強度大小又分為
3 種(100、200、300 μW/cm2)以及橈足類的三個性別:雄蟲(males)、未
抱卵雌蟲(females)和抱卵雌蟲(ovigerous females),藉由不同光源刺激探
討對不同性別之行為變化。雄蟲在無光環境時有較高的移動速度
(3.91±1.53 mm/s);雌蟲有吸附缸壁的行為,導致其移動速度受光線影
響不大,抱卵與否對雌蟲的行為影響較為明顯,抱卵會使雌蟲的移動
較未抱卵雌蟲為快速且較為活躍。紫外線的實驗發現,UV-A 的影響在
於光強度的大小,雄蟲在UVA-200 有較高移動速度,未抱卵雌蟲則在
UVA-100 時移動速度較低,觀察到的行為軌跡較為低伏。UV-B 的影
響主要來自於對生物體產生的急性傷害,受傷害後橈足類產生不斷連
續跳動的行為,強度越高以及時間照射越久此行為會越明顯,NGDR
也明顯變低,代表UV-B 的照射對橈足類的避敵行為有負面的影響。
謝辭............................................................................................................i
中文摘要...................................................................................................ii
英文摘要..................................................................................................iii
目錄.......................................................................................................... v
表目錄.....................................................................................................vii
圖目錄....................................................................................................viii
附錄..........................................................................................................xi
壹、前言................................................................................................ .....1
1.1 紫外線的簡介..................................................................................1
1.1.1 紫外線的特性...........................................................................1
1.1.2 紫外線對陸生生物的影響.......................................................3
1.1.3 紫外線對水生生物的影響.......................................................3
1.3 橈足類行為研究的重要性...............................................................5
貳、材料與方法.......................................................................................8
2.1 浮游生物培養..................................................................................8
2.1.1 橈足類培養...............................................................................8
2.1.2 餵食藻類之培養.......................................................................9
vi
2.2 光源系統........................................................................................10
2.3 實驗設計........................................................................................11
2.3.1 平靜水體中安氏偽鏢水蚤游泳行為對光線的反應..............11
2.3.2 攝影系統與影像分析.............................................................12
2.4 游泳速度測量................................................................................13
2.5 NGDR 計算.................................................................. ...................13
2.6 統計分析....................................................................... .................14
參、結果...................................................................................................1 5
3.1 安氏偽鏢水蚤一般行為描述........................................................15
3.2 游泳速度與不同光源之關係........................................................19
肆、討論.............................................................................. .....................23
4.1 橈足類對光線的感知能力及反應................................................23
4.2 安氏偽鏢水蚤對紫外線的反應....................................................24
4.3 安氏偽鏢水蚤游泳行為之變化....................................................27
4.4 雌、雄行為的區別..........................................................................29
4.5 NGDR 與安氏偽鏢水蚤游泳行為的關係..................................31
伍、結論...................................................................................................34
陸、參考文獻...........................................................................................35
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