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研究生:莊惠婷
研究生(外文):Hui-Ting Chuang
論文名稱:不同鹽度對毛蟶(Sinonovaculaconstricta)滲透壓與離子組成之研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on osmotic pressure, ionic concentrations of Sinonovacula constricta at different salinity
指導教授:鄭學淵鄭學淵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sha-Yen Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:毛蟶滲透壓離子濃度
外文關鍵詞:Sinonovacula constrictaosmolalityion concentrations
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毛蟶(Sinonovacula constricta)飼養在不同鹽度(0、14、24與34 psu)中,經不同鹽度(0、14、24與34 psu)的點滴實驗後,觀察毛蟶軟組織含水量、滲透壓與離子濃度之變化。
毛蟶的軟組織含水量與血淋巴滲透壓與離子濃度會隨著飼養鹽度而改變,當飼養環境鹽度增加時,血淋巴滲透壓與離子濃度會隨之增加,而軟組織含水量會減少。
淡水的環境中,將毛蟶以鹽度分為別0、14、24與34 psu的點滴實驗,軟組織含水量分別為91.38、89.32、86.15與82.91%。而將毛蟶飼養在低鹽度的環境中,如果點滴注入較高鹽度的海水,亦會使軟組織的含水量顯著下降(p<0.05)。
毛蟶血淋巴中的離子含量依序為鈉、氯、鎂、鈣與鉀離子。飼養在淡水(0 psu)環境下,毛蟶血淋巴中鈉、鉀、鈣、鎂與氯離子含量分別為3.24±1.43、0.45±1.43、1.79±1.48、0.32±0.10與16.00±1.29 mmol/L。以純海水(34 psu)的點滴實驗後,血淋巴中鈉、鉀、鈣、鎂與氯離子含量分別上升至290.31±10.23、3.24±0.37、8.41±0.13、16.66±1.49與299.60±25.85 mmol/L。
綜合以上結果得知,毛蟶利用鰓做為調節滲透壓與離子的調節器,另外藉由觀察毛蟶排水中的滲透壓與離子組成,可以更進一步確定毛蟶為滲透壓順應型生物。
The changes of tissue water content, osmolality and ion concentrations of Sinonovacula constricta exposed to different salinity (0, 14, 24 and 34 psu) with different salinity drip (0, 14, 24 and 34 psu) was observed in the present study.
The tissue water content and hemolymph osmolality, ion concentrations of S. constricta were changed with ambient salinity changes. The hemolymph osmolality, ion concentrations increased and tissue water content decreased as the increase of the ambient salinity.
In fresh water, S. constricta dripped with the solutions of 0, 14, 24 and 34 psu, respectively, resulted in the tissue water content of 91.38, 89.32, 86.15 and 82.19%, respectively. In lower salinity conditions, the tissue water content of S. constricta was decreased significant, after being dripped with high salinity solution.
Na+ content is the highest in hemolymph of S. constricta and follow by Cl-, Mg2+, Ca2+ and K+. In fresh water, the hemolymph ion concentrations of Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Cl- were 3.24±1.43, 0.45±1.43, 1.79±1.48, 0.32±0.10 and 16.00±1.29 mmol/L, respectively. Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Cl- levels in hemolymph of S. constricta were increased to 290.31±10.23, 3.24±0.37, 8.41±0.13, 16.66±1.49 and 299.60±25.85 mmol/L, respectively, post the drip of salt water (34 psu).
Sum up of there results S. constricta uses gill to regulate osmolality and ion concentrations. This study further confirmed that S. constricta is the osmoconformer by monitoring the osmolality and ion concentration in exhalant water.
摘要.....................................................Ⅰ
Abstract..................................................Ⅲ
謝詞.....................................................Ⅴ
第一章 緒論...............................................1
第二章 文獻整理...........................................3
第三章 毛蟶在不同鹽度下滲透壓變化與組織含水量之研究
一、 摘要........................................10
二、 前言........................................11
三、 材料與方法..................................11
四、 結果........................................15
五、 討論........................................20
表...............................................25
圖...............................................26
第四章 毛蟶在不同鹽度下之排水及血淋巴離子組成之研究
一、 摘要........................................37
二、 前言........................................38
三、 材料與方法..................................39
四、 結果........................................41
五、 討論........................................57
表...............................................61
圖...............................................66
第五章 結論.............................................106
參考文獻................................................107
附錄....................................................118
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