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研究生:沈慧君
研究生(外文):SHEN-HUI-CHUN
論文名稱:成就目標和能力知覺對競技倦怠及自我設限之預測研究
論文名稱(外文):The predictive power and Interaction of Achievement Goals and Perceived Ability on Athletic burnout and Self –handicapping
指導教授:黃英哲黃英哲引用關係
指導教授(外文):YING-CHE-HUANG
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北教育大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:目標取向動機氣候身心倦怠
外文關鍵詞:Goal orientationsMotivational climateBurnout
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:27
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成就目標和能力知覺對競技倦怠及自我設限之預測研究
摘要
根據成就目標理論(Dweck & Leggett, 1988; Nicholls, 1989),本研究目的在探討目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對競技倦怠及自我設限的預測力及交互作用。研究對象為16所參加九十六學年高中排球聯賽之高中男、女排球選手240人,(女選手118名,男選手122名),平均年齡為17.24± .81歲,研究工具包括運動目標取向、動機氣候、能力知覺、競技倦怠和運動自我設限等問卷。經資料蒐集完成以簡單相關分析和多元迴歸分析進行處理,得到以下幾點主要發現:
1、在預測整體競技倦怠上,表現氣候是預測力最強的因素,其次是精熟氣候,再其次是能力知覺;而在身體/情緒耗竭上,表現氣候是預測力最強的因素,其次是工作取向;在預測運動貶價上,精熟氣候是預測力最強的因素,其次是表現氣候;在預測減低成就感上,能力知覺是預測力最強的因素,其次是精熟氣候。
2、在預測整體自我設限上,能力知覺是預測力最強的因素,其次是表現氣候;而在預測減低努力上,能力知覺是預測力最強的,其次是表現氣候,再其次是自我取向;在預測尋求辯解上,工作取向是預測力最強的因素,其次是表現氣候。
3、工作取向和精熟氣候、自我取向和精熟氣候,在預測競技倦怠方面具有交互作用;自我取向和精熟氣候、自我取向和能力知覺,在預測身體/情緒耗竭方面具有交互作用;工作取向和精熟氣候,在預測運動貶價方面具有交互作用;工作取向和精熟氣候,在預測減低成就感方面具有交互作用。
4、工作取向和表現氣候,在預測減低努力的自我設限行為方面具有交互作用。
最後,本研究根據理論架構與上述的結果進行討論,並針對實際應用和未來研究方向提出一些具體的建議。
關鍵詞:目標取向、動機氣候、身心倦怠
The predictive power and Interaction of Achievement Goals and Perceived Ability on Athletic burnout and Self –handicapping

ABSTRACT

Based on achievement-goal theory (Dweck & Leggett, 1988;Nicholls, 1984, 1989 ) ,the purpose of this study was to investigate the main effects and interaction of goal orientations, motivational climate, and perceived ability in athletic burnout and self-handicapping;This study, through questionnaires, examined 240 high-school volleyball players (male=118; female=122) form 16 schools, who took part in 2007 High-School Volleyball Union Competition. The average age is 17.24 years. Study tools include Sport Goal Orientation Questionnaire, Sport Motivational Climate Questionnaire, Perceived Ability Questionnaire , Athletic Burnout Questionnaire and
Sport Self-Handicapping Questionnaire . The collected date were then further processed by Pearson product-moment correlation and multiple-regression analysis, and the finding were as follows:

1.In predicting overall athletic burnout , performance climate played the most influential role;mastery climate mattered less;and perceived ability carried the least weight. In predicting emotional/physical exhaustion, performance climate was the crucial factors;task orientation came second;In athletic devaluation, mastery climate was the crucial factor ; performance climate came second;In reduced sense of accomplishment, perceived ability was the crucial factors;mastery climate came second.
2.In predicting overall self-handicapping , perceived ability was crucial factor;performance climate came second . In predicting reducing effort perceived ability the most powerful of the three factors; performance climate took the second place; then ego orientation came the third. In predicting making excuse, task orientation was the crucial factor;performance climate came second.
3.There was an interaction of task orientation, mastery climate and ego orientation, masery climate in predicting athletic burnout. There was an interaction of ego orientation, mastery climate and ego orientation, perceived ability in predicting emotional/physical exhaustion. There was an interaction of task orientation and mastery climate in predicting athletic devaluation. There was an interaction of task orientation and mastery climate in predicting reduced sense of accomplishment.
4.There was an interaction of task orientation and performance climate in predicting reducing effort.
Finally, further results were discussed based on the theoretical framework, and suggestions were made for practical application and future research directions.

Key words:Goal orientations, Motivational climate, Burnout
目次
口試委員簽字證書
授權書‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧
誌謝‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧Ⅰ
中文摘要‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ Ⅱ
英文摘要‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧Ⅲ
目次‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧Ⅴ
表次‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧Ⅶ
圖次‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧Ⅷ
第壹章 緒論‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧1
第一節 問題背景‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧1
第二節 研究問題‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧3
第三節 研究假設‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧4
第四節 名詞操作型定義‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧4
第貳章 文獻探討 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧6
第一節 成就目標理論‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧6
第二節 競技倦怠理論與相關研究‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧10
第三節 自我設限理論與相關研究‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧15

第參章 研究方法‧‧‧‧ 19
第一節 研究架構‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧19
第二節 研究對象‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧20
第三節 研究工具‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧20
第四節 施測程序‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧24
第五節 資料處理‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧25
第肆章 研究結果‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧26
第一節 基本描述統計和簡單相關‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧26
第二節 目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對競技倦怠的預測‧‧‧ 28
第三節 目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對自我設限的預測‧‧‧ 55
第伍章 討論‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 68
第一節 目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對競技倦怠的預測‧‧‧ 68
第二節 目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對自我設限的預測‧‧‧ 71

第陸章 結論與建議‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧73
第一節 結論‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧73
第二節 建議‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧74

參考文獻‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧75
中文部分‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧75
英文部分‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧76
附錄
附錄一 運動目標取向量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧80
附錄二 知覺動機氣候量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧81
附錄三 能力知覺量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧83
附錄四 競技倦怠量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧84
附錄五 運動自我設限量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧85

表次
表 1 競技倦怠的發生原因摘要表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧11
表 2 運動自我設限量表因素分析與信度分析結果摘要‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧24
表 3 全體參與者各變項上的描述統計‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧26
表 4 各變項間的簡單相關值矩陣‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧27
表 5 各自變項預測整體競技倦怠之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧‧‧‧29
表 6 工作取向和精熟氣候預測預測整體競技倦怠的迴歸分析結果‧‧32
表 7 自我取向和精熟氣候交互作用預測整體競技倦怠分析結果‧‧‧ 34
表 8 各自變項預測對身體/情緒耗竭之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧ 37
表 9 自我取向和精熟氣候交互作用預測身體/情緒耗竭之分析結果‧39
表 10 自我取向和能力知覺交互作用預測身體/情緒耗竭的分析結果‧42
表 11 各自變項預測對對運動貶價之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧‧‧‧ 44
表 12 工作取向和精熟氣候交互作用預測對運動貶價分析結果‧‧‧‧‧46
表 13 各自變項預測減低成就感之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧‧‧‧‧ 49
表 14 工作取向和精熟氣候交互作用預測對減低成就感之分析結果‧‧51
表 15 目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對競技倦怠之預測摘要表‧‧‧‧54
表 16 各自變項預測自我設限之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧56
表 17 各自變項預測減低努力之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧58
表 18 工作取向和表現氣候交互作用預測對減低努力之分析結果‧‧‧‧60
表 19 精熟氣候和能力知覺交互作用預測對減低努力的分析結果‧‧‧‧63
表 20 各自變項預測尋求辯解之階層多元迴歸分析摘要表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧66
表 21 目標取向、動機氣候和能力知覺對自我設限之預測摘要表‧‧‧‧67

圖次
圖 1 競技運動倦怠認知-情意模式‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 12
圖 2 研究架構圖‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧19
圖 3 工作取向和精熟氣候對整體競技倦怠之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧ 33
圖 4 工作取向和精熟氣候對整體競技倦怠之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧ 33
圖 5 自我取向和精熟氣候對整體競技倦怠之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧ 35
圖 6 自我取向和精熟氣候對整體競技倦怠之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧ 36
圖 7 自我取向和精熟氣候對身體/情緒耗竭之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧ 40
圖 8 自我取向和精熟氣候對身體/情緒耗竭之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧ 41
圖 9 自我取向和能力知覺對身體/情緒耗竭之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧ 43
圖 10 自我取向和能力知覺對身體/情緒耗竭之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧ 43
圖 11 工作取向和精熟氣候對運動貶價之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧‧‧‧47
圖 12 工作取向和精熟氣候對運動貶價之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧‧‧‧48
圖 13 工作取向和精熟氣候對減低成就感之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧‧‧52
圖 14 工作取向和精熟氣候對減低成就感之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧‧‧53
圖 15 工作取向和表現氣候對減低努力之交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧‧‧‧61
圖 16 工作取向和表現氣候對減低努力之交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧‧‧‧62
圖 17 精熟氣候和能力知覺對減低努力交互作用圖(1) ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧64
圖 18 精熟氣候和能力知覺對減低努力交互作用圖(2) ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧65
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康立群(2004):棒球選手目標取向、知覺動機氣候、壓力因應策略、知覺因應策略有效性與身心倦怠之相關研究。國立體育學院運動教練研究所碩士論文。
陳怡儒(2004):家長式領導、團隊文化與籃球選手運動動機及身心倦怠之相關研究。國立體育學院運動教練研究所碩士論文。
曹修維(2004)。以交互作用觀點探討目標取向及能力知覺對健身運動焦慮與樂趣之影響。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
陳瓊茶(2005):大專運動員完美主義、目標取向及特質性焦慮對競技倦怠之相關與預測研究。大專體育,7:1 頁101-113。
季力康、盧俊宏和廖主民(2006):運動社會心理學。臺北市:師大書苑。


二、英文的部份
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