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研究生:蘇盈如
研究生(外文):Ying-Ju Su
論文名稱:愛滋病的國際援助與地方再現:以馬拉威北部區域為例
論文名稱(外文):International Aid Agency and Local Representation of HIV and AIDS :A Case of Northern Malawi
指導教授:張珣張珣引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:人類學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:人類學學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:202
中文關鍵詞:國際援助論述愛滋病社區計畫馬拉威
外文關鍵詞:international aiddiscourseHIV and AIDScommunity-based organizationMalawi
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
在愛滋病被認可為衡量國家發展程度的指標之後,這個體液感染的慢性病獲得許多關注與資源,以它為名的國際援助日益增加。本文旨在探討這個現象所帶來的結構效應,呈現國際援助機制促發下,地方社會對於愛滋病訊息的再現。三個月的田野調查裡面,我訪談中非馬拉威共和國北部區域Mzuzu市及Ekwendeni鎮的愛滋病相關組織,分析他們對於愛滋病的回應與操作,突顯這些現象背後的社會脈絡。研究指出,基於馬國政治歷史、經濟結構及族群文化,地方上形成村莊居民與菁英階級的區別,國際愛滋援助的資源透過國家單位、非政府組織(含宗教團體)及社區組織,由菁英再分配到村莊中。再分配的過程促發地方社會建構愛滋論述,例如以社區組織照護病患為主的扶貧訴求,以及博物館以傳統文化復振做為愛滋防治的焦點。
中文摘要

第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究主題 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究地點、方法與章節安排 10
1.3.1 田野地介紹
1.3.2 研究方法
1.3.3 章節安排

第二章 研究區域概況 18
2.1 馬國社會結構 18
2.1.1政治歷史
2.1.2 經濟生活
2.1.3 Ngoni族群的村莊生活
2.1.4 社會關係
2.2 愛滋病的感染與防制 47
2.2.1 國際愛滋病感染與防治歷史
2.2.2 馬國愛滋病感染與防治歷史

第三章 病患照顧在村莊中的實踐 58
3.1 馬國醫療體系 58
3.2 資源分配與地方照護 62
3.2.1 國家愛滋病委員會的資源分配機制
3.2.2 Ekwendeni社區組織
3.3 中非長老教會的愛滋防治計畫 82
3.3.1 歷史脈絡中教會所扮演的社會腳色
3.3.2 中非長老教會的愛滋防治計畫及策略
3.3.3 教會醫院的社區青少年組織
3.4 社區組織成員及受益者 97
3.4.1 工作人員
3.4.2 志工
3.4.3 患者

第四章 愛滋防治在村莊中的實踐 111
4.1 出版品所呈現的愛滋病相關消息 111
4.1.1 廣播及報紙媒體的愛滋病報導
4.1.2 愛滋病防治的文宣及海報
4.1.3 小結
4.2 村莊的愛滋病防治集會活動 140
4.3 愛滋防治中的傳統復振聲浪 150

第五章 結論 164

參考書目 170
附錄
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