跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.22.242) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 19:28
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李建瑩
研究生(外文):Jian-Ying Lee
論文名稱:炭疽病菌的潛伏性在不同果齡番木瓜果實上之研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on Latent Infection of Anthracnoseon Different Fruit Stages of Papaya
指導教授:張龍生張龍生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Loong-Sheng Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:園藝學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:47
中文關鍵詞:番木瓜接種炭疽病附著器穿透釘採後病害
外文關鍵詞:papayainoculationanthracnose diseaseappresoriumpenetration pegpost-harvest disease
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:212
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  炭疽病為番木瓜果實最嚴重的採後病害之一,番木瓜炭疽病容易於採後運輸期間產生,如何減少採前炭疽病病菌寄生則需探討炭疽病分生孢子休眠與侵入感染不同果實生理年齡之影響。‘台農二號’番木瓜品種在不同番木瓜果實年齡接種炭疽病菌的分生孢子,幼齡木瓜接種後1個月後才能檢測到附著器形成有明顯增加的趨勢;番木瓜果實在接近採收時,其附著器大量降低,但穿透釘急遽驟增;花後49天接種或花後70天接種,接種後96小時至196小時附著器明顯增加,且96小時即有穿透釘形成,但是沒有病徵顯現,其結果顯示病原以附著器掛於表皮呈現靜止休眠狀態,切片觀察附著器待果實黃熟時會大量形成穿透釘侵入果實表層,其上有菌絲纏繞在接種部位。各種果齡在接種後穿透釘形成比例隨木瓜黃熟才會明顯增加,且黃熟果穿透釘形成比例達最大。花後約100天為果齡4形成穿透釘的附著器在黃熟時約有16.9%,在黃熟前45天約5-7%,但在這之前只有2%以附著器萌生穿透釘。誘發劑對誘發附著器萌發穿透釘效果顯著;接種約一溝黃得果實在以植保手冊推薦藥劑施用亞托敏與賽普護汰寧可降低病斑面積;但若先處理誘發劑只有賽普護汰寧抑制病斑擴大。
中文摘要 5
英文摘要 6
前言 7
材料與方法 9
結果 15
討論 17
參考文獻 41
1.王惠亮。2005。植物保護-園藝作物病害-木瓜篇。台灣農家要覽農作篇(三)。財團法人豐年社。p114-117。
2.王德男。1995。番木瓜。台灣農家要覽農作篇(二)。財團法人豐年社。p109-116。
3.吳文希。1971。臺灣木瓜炭疽病的初步研究。國立臺灣大學農學院研究報告12:203-211.謝慶昌。2001。採收成熟度、貯藏溫度、後熟溫度及強制熱風處理對‘臺農二號''番木瓜品質之影響。中國園藝 47: 391-408。
4.徐聖煦。1978。農藥化學。正中書局。台北。
5.費雯綺、王喻其編輯。2006。植物保護手冊。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所。臺中縣霧峰鄉。
6.葉枚耕。1986。農藥生化學。國立編譯館。台北。
7.廖龍盛。2005。實用農藥(全新修訂八版)。得力興業股份有限公司。臺中縣。
8.鍾昌弘。2006。木瓜重要病害防治及基因改造木瓜檢測技術之研發。高雄師範大學生物科技系碩士論文。
9.Adikaram, N.K.B., A. E. Brown, and T.R. Swinbutne. 1983. Observation on infection of Capsicum annnum fruit by Glomerella cingulata and Colletotrichum capsici. Transactions of the British Mycological Society. 80:395-401.
10.Akamine, E. K., and Arisumi, T. 1953. Control of postharvest storage decay of fruits of papaya (Carica papaya L.) with special reference to the effect of hot water. Proc. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 61:270-274.
11.Alvaraz, A. and W. T. Nishijima, 1987. Post harvest deisease of papaya. Plant Disease 71:681-686.
12.Bailey, J. A., E. Nash, R. J. U’lonnell, and R.A.C Skipp. 1990. Infection process, host specificity and and taxonomic relationship of a colletotrichum specice causing anthracnose disease of cowpea. Vigna unguiculata,V., Mycological Research. 94:810-814.
13.Bautista-Baños, S., A. N., M. G. Hernásez-Lauzarso, Velázquez-del Valle, M. Hernándeaz-López, E. Ait Barka, E. Bosquez-Molina, C. L. Wilson. 2006. Chitosan as a potential natural compound to control pre and postharvest diseases of horticultural commodities. Crop Protection. 25:108-118.
14.Bolkan, H. A., Cupertino, F. P., Dianese, J. C., and Taketsu, A. 1976. Fungi associated with pre and postharvest fruit rots of papaya and their control in central Brazil. Plant Dis. Rep. 60:605-609.
15.Cappellini, R. A., M. J.Ceponis, G. W. Lightner. 1988. Disorders in apricot and papaya shipments to the New York market 1972-1985. Plant Dis. 72:366-368.
16.Chau, K. F. and A. M. Alvarez. 1983. A histological study of anthracnose on Carica papaya. Phytopathology. 73:1113-1116.
17.Dickman, M. B. and A. M. Alvarez. 1983. Latent infection of papaya caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Plant Disease. 67: 748-750.
18.Dickman, M. B., and Alvarez, A. M. 1983. Latent infection of papaya caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Plant Dis. 67:748-750.
19.Dickman, U.B. and S. S. Pastil. 1986. Cutinase deficient mutant of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides are nonpathogenic to papaya fruit. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. 28:235-242.
20.Harper, D. B., and T. R. Swinburne. 1979. 2,3-Dihydroxylbenzoic acid and related compounds as stimulants of germination of conidia of Colletotrichum gloeosporoides Arx. Physiological Plant Pathology. 14:363-370.
21.Harper, D. B., T. R.Swinburne, S. K. Moore, A. E. Brown, and H.Graha. 1980. A role for iron in germination of conidia of Colletotrichum Musae. Journal of General Microbiology. 121:167-174.
22.Howard , R. J. and M. A. Ferrari. 1989. Role of melanin in appressoria function. Experimental Mycology.13:403-418.
23.Hunter, J. E. and I. W. Buddenhagen. 1972. Incidence, epidemiology and control of fruit diseases of papaya in Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture. 49:61-71.
24.Hunter, J. E., and Buddenhagen, I. W. 1972. Incidence, epidemiology and control of fruit diseases of papaya in Hawaii. Trop. Agric. (Trinidad) 49:61-71.
25.Jeffries, P., J. C. Dodd, M. J. Jeger, and R. A. Plunbley. 1990. The biology and control of colletotrichum specice on tropical fruit crops. Plant Pathology. 39:343-366.
26.Koch, E. J. and T. H. Barksdale. 1969. Methods of testing tomatoes for anthracnose resistance. Phytopathology. 59: 1373-1376.
27.Paull, R. E. 1995. Preharvest factors and the heat sensitivity of field grown ripening papaya fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 6:167-175.
28.Paull, R. E. and N. J. Chen. 1990. Heat shock response in field-grown, ripening papaya fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115: 623-631.
29.Paull, R. E., W. Nishijima, M. Reyes, and C. Cavaletto. 1997. Postharvest handling and losses during marketing of papaya (Carica papaya L.). Postharvest Biol. Techn. o1. 11: 165-179.
30.Pernezny, K. and Litz, R.E. December 1993. Some Common Diseases of Papaya in Florida. Plant Pathology Department Document PP-35. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Available: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/VH050.
31.Prusky, D. and Saka, H. 1989. The role of epocuticular wax of avocado fruit in appresoria formation of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in unfipe avocado fruits. Phytopithology. 72:1578-1582.
32.Prusky, D., I. Kobilu, Y. Fishman, J. J. Sime, S. L. Midland, and N. T. Keen. 1991. Identification of an antifungal compounds in unripe avocado fruit and it’s possible involvement in the quiescent infection of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Jornal of phytopathology. 132:319-327.
33.Qiu, Y., M. S. Nishina, and R. E. Paull. 1995. Papaya fruit growth, calcium uptake, and fruit ripening. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120: 246-253.
34.Rappel. L., J. A. G. Irwin, and I. F. Muirhead. 1989. The secret life of avocado anthracnose. Queensland Agricultural Journal. 115:31-32
35.Sanders, G. M., and L. Kosten. 2003. Comparison of cross inoculation potential of South African avocado and mango isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Microbiol. Res.158:143-150
36.Selvaraj, Y., D. K. Pal, M. D. Subramanyam, and C. P. A. Iyer. 1982. Changes in the chemical composition of four cultivars of papaya(Carica papaya L.) during growth and development. J. Hort. Sci. 57:135-141
37.Simone, G.W. June 1999. Disease Control in Papaya (Carica papaya). Plant Pathology Department Document PDMG-V3-24. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Available: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/PG018.
38.Stanghellini, M. E. and M. Aragaki. 1966. Relation of periderm formation and callose deposition to anthracnose resistance in papaya fruit. Phytopathology 56:444-450.
39.Sutton, B. C. 1992. The genus Glomerella and its anamorph Colletotrichum: Biology, Pathology and Control. CAB. International, Wallingford, U.K.
40.Swinburne, T. R. 1978. Post infection antifungal compounds in quiescent on latent infection. Annual of Applied Biology 89:322-324.
41.Swinburne, T. R. and A. E. Brown. 1983. Appressoria development and quiescent infection of Banana fruit by Colletotrichum musae. Transactions of the British Mycology. Society.81:176-178.
42.Tessier, C., J. David, P. This, J. M. Boursiquot, and A. Charrier. 1999. Optimization of the choice of molecular markers for varietal identification in Vitis vinifera L. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98: 171-177.
43.Toman, J. and D. G. White. 1993 Inheritance of resistance to anthracnose stalk rot of corn. Phytopathology. 83: 981-985.
44.Trujillo, E. E., and Obrero, F. P. 1969. Anthracnose of papaya leaves caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Plant Dis. Rep. 53:323-325.
45.Tsai, Y. H. and L. S. Ke. 2004. Studies on the physico-chemical changes of papaya (Cara papaya L.) fruits during growth and development. J. Chinese Soc. Hort. Sci. 50:63-78.
46.Tzeng, D. S. and W. C., Lin. 1990. Effect of papaya pollens on conidia germination and pathogenesis of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. Plant Prot. Bull. 32:100-111.
47.W. H. Tsai 1969. Studies on ecology and physiology of papaya anthracnose and its control. Journal of Taiwan Agr. Res. 18(2):51-57.
48.Zhou,L., D. A. Christophr, and R. E. Paull. 2000. Defoliation and fruit removal effects on papaya fruit production, sugar accumulation, and sucrose metabolism. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 125:644-652.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top