跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.174.62.102) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/25 03:38
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳銘至
研究生(外文):Ming-Chih Chen
論文名稱:環狀剝皮與勒束對‘黑葉’荔枝生長與發育之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Girdling and Strangulation on Growth and Development of ‘Haak Yip’ Litchi
指導教授:陳右人陳右人引用關係
指導教授(外文):Iou-Zen Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:園藝學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:環狀剝皮勒束
外文關鍵詞:GirdlingStrangulation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:263
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本試驗第一部份以‘黑葉’荔枝盆栽植株為試驗材料,探討環狀剝皮與勒束對荔枝樹體之影響。結果顯示兩種篩管阻礙技術均會抑制根系生長,但勒束處理於123天及解除勒束後,已不會影響根系之生長。此外,環剝與勒束均會降低營養芽萌發之比例,及抑制頂芽萌。兩處理亦可改變樹體內營養要素與碳水化合物之分配,如葉片中磷、鈣、鎂等要素含量於處理後會降低,鉀則會堆積於葉片中;碳水化合物則會累積於處理部位上方之葉片中,根內碳水化合物因篩管運輸受阻,而導致含量下降。環剝與勒束處理兩週內,可使葉片之光合作用速率下降。
本試驗第二部份以經濟生產果園內之‘黑葉’荔枝為試驗材料,探討環剝與勒束對荔枝果實品質之影響。結果顯示,於盛花期行篩管阻礙處理,尤其是環剝,會抑制果實發育;於假種皮發育初期環剝與勒束均可提升果實品質。
The materials for the first section of this experiment were potted ‘Haak-Yip’ litchi and the purpose was to discuss the effects of girdling and strangulation on ‘Haak-Yip’ litchi tree. Results indicated that both of two phloem disruption techniques restrained root growth, but root growth will not be affected 4.5 months after strangulation and after removal of the strangulating wire. Either girdling or strangulation reduced the proportion of vegetative bud burst and raised the proportion of quiescent apical bud. Two treatments also affected the allocation of nutrient and carbohydrate contents. Nutrient contents in leaves such as phosphorous, calcium and magnesium were reduced after treatments, whereas potassium was accumulated. Carbohydrates were accumulated in leaves above treating site but were reduced in roots due to phloem disruption. Reduction of photosynthetic rate occurred within two weeks after girdling and strangulating treatments.
The materials for the second section of this experiment were ‘Haak-Yip’ litchi grown in economic orchard. The purpose was to discuss the effects of girdling and strangulation on fruit quality of litchi. Results showed that phloem disruption treatments, especially the girdling treatment, during full bloom stage inhibited fruit development. Girdling and strangulation executed at aril-occurring stage promoted fruit quality.
口試委員會審定書 i
誌謝 ii
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 iv
目 錄 - 1 -
圖目錄 - 2 -
表目錄 - 4 -
前言 1
前人研究 2
第一節 篩管阻礙技術概論 2
第二節 環剝技術於果樹產業上之應用 4
第三節 環剝造成之危害 5
第四節 勒束法簡介 6
第五節 荔枝葉片營養要素 8
材料與方法 10
第一節 環剝與勒束對‘黑葉’荔枝生長與發育之影響 10
第二節 環剝與勒束對‘黑葉’荔枝果實品質之影響 13
第三節 樣品前處理、製備與營養分析 14
結果與討論 18
第一節 環剝與勒束對‘黑葉’荔枝生長與發育之影響 18
第二節 環剝與勒束對‘黑葉’荔枝果實品質之影響 48
第三節 結語 58
參考文獻 59
附錄 63
王德男. 1990. 蓮霧之營養及肥培管理. 果樹營養與果園土壤管理研討會專集. 台灣省台中區農業改良場編印. p119-133.
林尤奋. 2004. 熱帶亞熱帶果樹栽培學. 中國農業出版社. 北京.
林鴻淇. 1990. 果樹無機養分的吸收及運移. 果樹營養與果園土壤管理研討會專集. 台灣省台中區農業改良場編印. p1-10.
林讚標. 1990. 植物葉部醣類的合成、配置、移轉之調節. 果樹營養與果園土壤管理研討會專集. 台灣省台中區農業改良場編印. p11-21.
張哲瑋、鄭正勇. 2001. 修剪及環剝對荔枝開花的影響. 中國園藝 47:245-258.
陳幼光. 1990. 芒果環狀剝皮對抽梢開花枝梢營養和光合作用的影響. 台灣大學園藝學系碩士論文.
曾玉霞、張祖亮、陳右人. 2005. 環刻對荔枝花芽分化的影響. 台灣園藝 51:155-164.
黃維廷、黃裕銘、向為民、張明暉、林木連、王鐘和、吳婉麗. 1998. 荔枝園營養調查與營養診斷研究. 中華農業研究 47:388-407.
齊納班、林威、楊耀祥. 2008. 泰國荔枝之生產. 荔枝產業發展研討會專刊. 國立屏東科技大學編印. p13-23.
鄭正勇. 1990. 果園的根群管理. 果樹營養與果園土壤管理研討會專集. 台灣省台中區農業改良場編印. p61-63.
鄧永興. 1988. 玉荷包荔枝穩定生產方法之探討. 台灣大學園藝學系碩士論文.
戴廷恩、林宗賢. 1996. 黑葉荔枝不同葉齡葉片形態與光合作用特性之研究. 中國園藝 42:28-49.
Agusti, M., I. Andreu, M. Juan, V. Almeta, and L. Zacarias. 1998. Effects of ringing branches on fruit size and maturity of peach and nectarine cultivars. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 73:537-540.
Bowling, D. J. F., B. T. Watson, and R. Ehwald. 1985. The effect of phloem ringing on root growth and potassium uptake by Helianthus annuus. Journal of Experimental Botany 36:290-297.
Carreño, J., S. Faraj, A. Martinez, and D. E. Pszczola. 1998. Effects of girdling and covering mesh on ripening colour and fruit characteristics of ‘Italia’ grapes. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 73:103-106.
Cohen, A. 1984. Citrus fruit enlargement by means of summer girdling. The Journal of Horticultural Science 59:119-125.
Cutting, J. G. M. and M. C. Lyne. 1993. Girdling and the reduction in shoot xylem sap concentrations of cytokinins and gibberellins in peach. The Journal of Horticultural Science 68:619-626.
Day, K. R. and T. DeJong. 1990. Girdling of early season ‘Mayfire’ nectarine trees. The Journal of Horticultural Science 65:529-534.
Elfving, D. C., E. C. Lougheed, and R. A. Cline. 1991. Daminozide, root pruning, trunk scoring, and trunk ringing effects on fruit ripening and storage behavior of ‘McIntosh’ apple. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 116:195-200.
Fernandez-Escobar, R., R. Martin, P. Lopez-Rivares, and M. Paz Suarez. 1987. Girdling as a means of increasing fruit size and earliness in peach and nectarine cultivars. The Journal of Horticultural Science 62:463-468.
Goldschmidt, E. E., N. Aschkenazi, Y. Herzano, A. A. Schaffer, and S. P. Monselise. 1985. A role for carbohydrate levels in the control of flowering in citrus. Scientia Horticulturae 26:159-166.
Goren, R., M. Huberman, and E. E. Goldschmidt. 2004. Girdling: physiological and horticultural aspects. Horticultural Reviews 30:1-36.
Kim, J. H., Y. J. Yim, and S. S. Kim. 1979. Studics on promoting the root decelopment of dwarf rootstock in the double-grafted maiden apple tree. Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science 20:148-151.
Kim, W. S. and S. J. Chung. 2000. Effect of GA3, ethephon, girdling and wiring treatment on the berry enlargement and maturity of ‘Himrod’ grape. Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science 41:75-77.
Koshita, Y., T. Takahara, T. Ogata, and A. Goto. 1999. Involvement of endogenous plant hormones (IAA, ABA, GAs) in leaves and flower bud formation of Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.). Scientia Horticulturae 79:185-194.
Li, Y. C., T. L. Davenport, R. Rao, and Q. Zheng. 2001. Nitrogen, flowering and production of lychee in Florida. Acta Horticulturae 558:221-224.
Mebelo, M., T. Shigeto, and K. Itaru. 1998. The effect of time of girdling on carbohydrate contents and fruiting in Ponkan mandarin (Citrus reticulate Blanco). Scientia Horticulturae 73:203-211.
Mengel, K., E. A. Kirkby, H. Kosegarten, and T. Apple. 2001. Principles of plant nutrition. 5rd Edt.
Menzel, C. M. 1983. The control of floral initiation in lychee: a review. Scientia Horticulturae 21:201-215.
Menzel, C. M. and B. F. Paxton. 1986. The effect of cincturing at different stages of vegetative flush maturity on the flowering of litchi. The Journal of Horticultural Science 61:135-139.
Menzel, C. M. and D. R. Simpson. 1987. Lychee nutrition: a review. Scientia Horticulturae 31:195-224.
Menzel, C. M. and D. R. Simpson. 1992. Partitioning of nutrients in bearing lychee trees (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). Acta Horticulturae 321:535-540.
Menzel, C. M., G. F. Haydon, and D. R. Simpson. 1992. Mineral nutrient reserves in bearing litchi tree (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). The Journal of Horticultural Science 67:149-160.
Menzel, C. M., M. L. Carseldine, and D. R. Simpson. 1987. The effect of leaf age on nutrient composition of non-fruiting litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). The Journal of Horticultural Science 62:273-279.
Menzel, C. M., T. S. Rasmussen, and R. D. Simpson. 1989. Effects of temperature and leaf water stress on growth and flowering of litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). The Journal of Horticultural Science 64:739-752.
Noel, A. R. A. 1970. The girdled tree. The Botanical Review 36:162-195.
Priestley, C. A. 1976. Some effects of ringing and deblossoming branches of young apple tree on leaf composition. Journal of Experimental Botany 27:1325-1332.
Proietti, P., A. Palliotti, and G. Nottiani. 1999. Availability of assimilates and development of olive fruit. Acta Horticulturae 474:297-300.
Raphael, A. S., I. Adato, M. Goren, D. Eisenstein, and S. Gazit. 1993. Effects of autumnal water stress on litchi flowering and yield in Israel. Scientia Horticulturae 54:295-302.
Roper, T. R. and L. E. Williams. 1989. Net CO2 assimilation and carbohydrate partitioning of grapevine leaves in response to trunk girdling and gibberellin acid application. Journal of Plant Physiology 89:1136-1140.
Setter, T. L., W. A. Brun, and M. L. Brenner. 1980. Effect of obstructed translocation on leaf abscisic acid, and associated stomatal closure and photosynthesis decline. Journal of Plant Physiology 65:1111-1115.
Swietlik, D. 1986. The effect of pruning and girdling on root: shoot interactions in sour orange seedlings. Journal of Plant Nutrition 9:1135-1146.
Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger. 2002. Plant physiology. 5th Edt. p209.
Timothy, J. O. 2004. Impact of root and shoot temperature on bud dormancy and floral induction in lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). Scientia Horticulturae 99:21-28.
Urban, L. and L. Alphonsout. 2007. Girdling decreases photosynthetic electron fluxes and induces sustained photoprotection in mango leaves. Tree Physiology 27:345–352.
Vaio, C. D., A. Petito, and M. Buccheri. 2001. Effect of girdling on gas exchanges and leaf mineral content in the “Independence” nectarine. Journal of Plant Nutrition 24:1047-1060.
Wallerstein, I., R. Goren, and Y. Ben-Tal. 1978. Effect of ringing on root starvation in sour orange seedlings. The Journal of Horticultural Science 53:109-113.
Wallerstein, I., R. Goren, and S. P. Monselise. 1973. Seasonal change in gibberellin-like substances of Shamouti orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) trees in relation to ringing. The Journal of Horticultural Science 48:75-82.
Webster, D. H. and A. D. Crowe. 1969. Effects of gibberellic acid acid, N-dimethylaminosuccinamic acid (alar), ringing and thinning on ‘McIntosh’ apple shape. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 94:308-310.
Yamane, T. and K. Shibayama. 2006. Effects of trunk girdling and crop load levels on fruit quality and root elongation in ‘Aki Queen’ grapevines. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 75:439-444.
Yamanishi, O. K. 1995. Trunk strangulation and winter heating effect on carbohydrate level and its relation with flowering, fruiting and yield of ‘Tosa Buntan’ pummelo grown in a plastic house. The Journal of Horticultural Science 70:85-95.
Yamanishi, O. K. and K. Hasegawa. 1995. Trunk strangulation responses to the detrimental effect of heavy shade on fruit size and quality of ‘Tosa Buntan’ pummelo. The Journal of Horticultural Science 70:875-887.
Yamanishi, O. K., Y. Nakajima, and K. Hasegawa. 1993a. Effect of late season trunk strangulation on fruit quality, return bloom and fruiting in pummelo tree grown in plastic house. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 62:337-343.
Yamanishi, O. K., Y. Nakajima, and K. Hasegawa. 1993b. Influence of trunk strangulation on growth and water absorption by young pummelo tree exposed to high temperature. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 62:345-352.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top