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研究生:王至弘
研究生(外文):Chih-Hung Wang
論文名稱:貿易流量與要速流動是替代關係還是互補關係-以台灣為例
論文名稱(外文):Are Trade and Factor Flows Substitute or Complements?A case of Taiwan
指導教授:徐則謙徐則謙引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:33
中文關鍵詞:貿易要素替代互補彈性
外文關鍵詞:tradefactorsubstitutecomplementelasticity
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貿易流量與要素流動是替代關係還是互補關係,是一個長久以來的爭論。理論模型給的答案是模糊的,因此我嘗試使用台灣地區的資料來看看台灣的貿易流量與要素流動是何種關係。
我仿照Kar-yiu Wong(1988)的方式,藉由估計淨出口的要素存量彈性來斷定貿易流量與要素流動是替代關係還是互補關係。我的基本模型與Feenstra and Looi Kee(2006)相似。
我的結論為:當某些外在的衝擊使得資本移入台灣,電機、機械、塑膠產業的淨出口將會提高,資本價格降低,勞動價格提高;當某些外在的衝擊使得勞動存量移入台灣,電機產業的淨出口可能會提高,機械產業的淨出口可能會提高,塑膠產業的淨出口將會提高,勞動價格降低,資本價格提高。
Whether trade and factor mobility is complement or substitute is a lasting debate.The outcome of theortical model is also ambigious,so I try to use data in Taiwan to see the relationship between international trade and factor mobility in Taiwan.

I judge whether trade and factor mobility is complement or substitute by estimating the factor stock elasticity of net export,which is similar to the way brought up by Kar-yiu Wong (1988).My theoritical model is similiar to Feenstra and Hiau Looi Kee (2006).

My conclusion is that when the exogenous shock makes capital flow into Taiwan,the net export of engineering and plastic increase,the net export of machinery falls,
it lowers the price of capital and raise the pirce of labor;when the exogenous shock makes labor flow into Taiwan,the net export of engineering falls,
the net export of machinery and plastic increase,
it lowers the price of labor and raise the price of capital.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
1 緒論 1
1.1 研究目的...........................................1
1.2 研究方法...........................................2
2 文獻回顧 2
2.1 Mundell (1957).....................................2
2.2 Markusen (1983)....................................4
2.3 特定要素模型.......................................4
2.4 Fontier argument...................................6
2.5 其他模型...........................................6
3 基本模型 7
3.1 獨占性競爭市場下的廠商與消費者.....................7
3.2 社會福利計畫者....................................12
3.2.1 完全競爭市場....................................12
3.2.2 獨占性競爭市場..................................13
3.3 國內生產毛額函數的形狀............................16
4 實證模型敘述 18
4.1 生產毛額轉換函數..................................18
4.2 部門價格的估計....................................19
4.3 出口種類的衡量....................................23
4.4 最大概似估計法....................................24
4.5 資料..............................................25
4.6 估計方程式........................................26
5 估計結果 26
6 結論 28
附錄 28
參考文獻 29
表目錄
1 參數估計結果........................................31
2 產業淨出口的資本彈性................................33
3 產業淨出口的勞動彈性................................33
4 要素價格的要素存量彈性..............................33
圖目錄
1 廠商決策流程........................................12
2 生產可能線、相對價格與相對邊際成本..................13
《2007年中華民國對外貿易發展概況》(2008),國貿局

Amemiya, T. (1977),“The maximum likelihood estimator and the non-linear three stage least squares estimator in the general non-linear simultaneous equation model”,Econometrica, 45, 955–968.

Feenstra, Robert C. (1994),“New Product Varieties and the Measurement of International Prices”, American Economiv Review, 84(1), 157–177.

Feenstra, Robert C. and Hiau Looi Kee (2006),“Export Variety and Country Productivity: Estimating The Monopolistic Competition Model With Endogenous Productivity”, Working paper.

Findlay, Ronald (1995),“Trade, Migration, and the Moving Frontier”, in Facotr Proportions, Trade, and Growth, chapter 13, MIT press.

Helpman, Marc Melitz, Elhanan and Yeaple, Stephen (2004),“Export vs. FDI with Heterogeneous Firms”, American Economic Review, 300–316.

Kar-yiu Wong (1988),“International Factor Mobility and The Volume of Trade: An Empirical Study”, in Robert Feenstra (ed.), Empirical Methods for International Trade, chapter 9, 231–250, MIT Press.

Markusen, James R. (1983),“Factor Movements and Commodity Trade as Complements”, Journal of International Economics, 13, 341–356.

Melitz, Marc J. (2003),“The Impact of Trade on Intra–Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity”, Econometrica, 71(6), 1695–1725.

Mundell, Robert (1957),“International Trade and Factor Mobility”, American Economic Review, 47, 321–335.

Samuelson, Paul (1971),“Ohlin Was Right”, Swedish Journal of Economics, 73,365–384.

Sato, Kazuo (1976),“The Ideal Log-Change Index Number”, Review of Economics and statistics, 58, 223–228.

Vartia, Y.O. (1976),“Ideal Log-Change Index Numbers”, Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 3, 121–126.
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