跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.220.62.183) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/03/01 22:34
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:黃郁玲
研究生(外文):Yu-ling Huang
論文名稱:中高齡者海外旅遊阻礙階層模式之探究
論文名稱(外文):A study of the hierarchical model of overseas travel constraints for middle-aged and elderly population
指導教授:潘明珠潘明珠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-chu Pan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄大學
系所名稱:運動健康與休閒學系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:休閒阻礙休閒阻礙階層模式中高齡者參與不參與海外旅遊
外文關鍵詞:leisure constrainthierarchical model of leisure constraintmiddle-aged and elderlyparticipantnon-participantoverseas travel
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:35
  • 點閱點閱:1422
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:384
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
  休閒阻礙的研究已逾30餘年,近年來更擴展至旅遊的範疇。而中高齡者近年來逐漸成為旅遊市場成長快速、具影響力及具市場發展潛力的族群。有鑒於此,本研究主要在探討中高齡者的海外旅遊阻礙及驗證Crawford等人(1991)提出的休閒阻礙階層模式。
  本研究具體的目的有以下四項:(1)瞭解海外旅遊阻礙;(2)分析人口社會經濟特性在旅遊阻礙的差異;(3)比較旅遊參與者與不參與者在阻礙之差異;及(4)驗證休閒阻礙階層模式。本研究以居住於高雄市年滿45歲的市民為對象進行問卷調查,問卷內容乃是根據Crawford & Godbey (1987)的休閒阻礙分類,包括個人內在阻礙、人際阻礙、與結構性阻礙。
  研究結果顯示:(1)中高齡者對結構性阻礙的知覺最高、其次為個人內在阻礙、再其次為人際間阻礙;(2)不同的人口社會經濟特性在旅遊阻礙上呈現顯著差異;(3)旅遊參與者與不參與者在阻礙上並無顯著差異;(4)模式考驗結果支持Crawford等人(1991)的休閒阻礙階層模式。本研究將針對研究結果提出實務、理論及未來研究上之建議。
  Leisure constraint has been researched for the past three decades. It has been recently extended to the study in leisure travel. In recent years, the middle-aged and elderly population has emerged as a fast growing, influential, and profitable market segment in travel industry.Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate overseas travel constraints for the middle and elderly population, and to examine the hierarchical model of leisure constraints developed by Crawford et al.(1991).
  The aim of this study is specifically to investigate (a) constraints on overseas travel participation; (b) the relationship between constraints and socio-demographic characteristics; (c) the differences of constraints between travel participants and non-participants; and (d) the validity of the hierarchical model of leisure constraints. Residents whose age is forty-five years old and above of Kaohsiung city were recruited for questionnaire survey which was based on a construct consisting three categories of constraints, intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints, proposed by Crawford & Godbey (1987).
  Major findings are as follows: (a) the middle-aged and elderly population perceived their overseas travel to be constrained by, mainly, structural constraint, followed by intrapersonal and interpersonal constrains; (b) there were significant differences on travel constraints among socio-demographic groups; (c) there were no differences on travel constraints between travel participants and non-participants; (d) the hierarchical model of leisure constraints was verified. Implications of research results with respect to practitioner practice, government policy-making and future research are provided.
誌謝...................................................................................................................Ⅰ
中文摘要 ..........................................................................................................Ⅲ
英文摘要 ..........................................................................................................Ⅳ
目錄 ..................................................................................................................Ⅴ
表目錄...............................................................................................................Ⅶ
圖目錄...............................................................................................................Ⅷ
第一章緒論....................................................................................................... 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 ................................................................................................1
第二節 研究目的 ............................................................................................................2
第三節 研究範圍 ............................................................................................................3
第四節 研究限制 ............................................................................................................4
第二章 文獻探討............................................................................................... 5
第一節 休閒阻礙定義與休閒阻礙研究發展 ................................................................5
第二節 休閒阻礙分類 ....................................................................................................6
第三節 休閒阻礙協商觀點與休閒阻礙階層模式 ........................................................9
第四節 影響休閒阻礙的因素 ......................................................................................14
第五節 中高齡者現況與旅遊行為相關研究 ..............................................................18
第六節 本章小結 ..........................................................................................................22
第三章 研究方法............................................................................................. 24
第一節 研究架構 ..........................................................................................................24
第二節 研究流程 ..........................................................................................................25
第三節 研究假設 ..........................................................................................................26
第四節 名詞釋義與變數之操作性定義 ......................................................................26
第五節 研究工具 ..........................................................................................................28
第六節 抽樣設計 ..........................................................................................................34
第七節 資料處理 ..........................................................................................................35
第四章 結果..................................................................................................... 39
第一節 海外旅遊阻礙量表分析 ..................................................................................39
第二節 樣本之敘述性統計 ..........................................................................................42
第三節 海外旅遊阻礙分析 ..........................................................................................46
第四節 不同的人口社會經濟特性在海外旅遊阻礙上之差異 ..................................47
第五節 參與者與不參與者在海外旅遊阻礙上之差異 ..............................................51
第六節 海外旅遊阻礙階層關係分析..........................................................................51
第五章 討論..................................................................................................... 55
第一節 海外旅遊阻礙因素 ..........................................................................................55
第二節 不同人口社會經濟特性在旅遊阻礙上之差異 ..............................................57
第三節 參與者與不參與者在海外旅遊阻礙上之差異 ..............................................61
第四節 海外旅遊阻礙因素間之關係 ..........................................................................62
第六章 結論..................................................................................................... 65
第七章 建議..................................................................................................... 67
第一節 實務上的建議 ..................................................................................................67
第二節 理論上的建議 ..................................................................................................69
第三節 未來研究建議 ..................................................................................................71
參考文獻.......................................................................................................... 73
附錄一 正式問卷............................................................................................. 80
附錄二 休閒阻礙階層模式分析方法建議資料............................................. 83
內政部戶政司(2008)。各縣市人口數按性別及五歲年齡組分。線上檢索日期:2008年10月5日。網址:http://www.ris.gov.tw/gateway/stpeqr01.cgi
內政部戶政司(2009)。現住人口數按年齡分。線上檢索日期:2009年8月9日。網址:http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat/month/m1-06.xls
內政部主計處(2009)。97年家庭收支調查結果綜合分析。線上檢索日期:2009年9月1日。網址:http://win.dgbas.gov.tw/fies/a11.asp?year=97
內政部統計處(2005)。中華民國94年老人狀況調查報告。台北:內政部統計處。
王國欽、陳嘉隆、周淑惠(2002)。老年旅客旅遊行為之探討。觀光研究學報,8(12),1-15。
甘唐沖(2005)。國民旅遊卡使用者旅遊阻礙因素之研究。高雄餐旅學報,(7),12-19。
交通部觀光局(2007)。2007年觀光統計年報。線上檢索日期:2008年11月6日。網址:http://library.tbroc.gov.tw/web/pdf/20080910153525.pdf
交通部觀光局(2007)。九十六年國人旅遊狀況調查報告。線上檢索日期:2007年11月2日。網址:http://library.tbroc.gov.tw/web/pdf/20080724102449.pdf
交通部觀光局(2009)。2008年歷年中華民國國民出國人數統計。線上檢索日期:2009年7月2日。網址:http://admin.taiwan.net.tw/indexc.asp
交通部觀光局(2009)。國民出國及性別分析。線上檢索日期:2009年7月23日。網址:http://admin.taiwan.net.tw/indexc.asp
行政院經濟建設委員會(2008)。中華民國臺灣97年至145年人口推計報告。線上檢索日期:2009年4月10日。網址:http://www.cepd.gov.tw/
宋東(2008)。嬰兒潮世代成新金主。天下雜誌數位閱讀網。線上檢索日期:2009年1月16日。網址:http://download.cw.com.tw/new/index.asp
李宗派(2005)。探討退休政策之國際趨勢。社區發展季刊,112,168-178。
李青松、黃鬱烝、邱瑞琳(2006)。高齡者參與國內旅遊活動之研究。中華家政學刊,39,31-46。
林惠玲、陳正倉(2002)。應用統計學二版。台北:雙葉書廊
林震岩(2007)。多變量分析。台北市:智勝。
邱浩政(2005)。量化研究法(一):研究設計與資料處理(初版)。台北市:雙葉。
高雄市統計資訊服務網(2008)。高雄市各區現住人口數按性別及年齡分。線上檢索日期:2008年10月27日。網址:http://kcgdg.kcg.gov.tw/
陳欣宏(2004)。臺中市中老年人休閒阻礙與休閒需求研究調查。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,桃園縣。
陳勁甫、吳劍秋(2005)。銀髮族海外旅遊動機與市場區隔之研究。旅遊管理研究,5(1),1-16。
陳思倫(2006)。觀光學:從供需理論解析產業(二版)。台北縣:前程文化。
陳振聲(2003)。銀髮族自覺健康狀況與休閒阻礙關係之研究-以團體國外旅遊為例。未出版碩士論文,國立台北護理學院,台北市。
郭婉容(2000)。個體經濟學。台北市:三民。
陳順宇(2005)。多變量分析。台北:華泰。
陳錦玉、張智凱(2007)。金門婦女休閒參與與休閒阻礙之研究。觀光研究學報,2,1-26。
黃榮鵬、蔡憲唐(2002)。銀髮族旅遊消費行為之研究-以北高兩市老人活動中心為例。旅遊管理研究,2(1),79-99。
楊振樺、陳光華、李佳如(2007)。以Rasch模式探討自助旅行者之海外旅遊阻礙感認知。休閒暨觀光產業研究,2(1),1-26。
楊登雅(2003)。休閒阻礙階層模式之驗證-以Crawford & Godbey之休閒阻礙三因子為例。未出版碩士論文。國立台灣師範大學。台北市。
謝春滿(2005)。熟年商機。今周刊。線上檢索日期:2008年12月1日。網址:http://www.businesstoday.com.tw/Index/index.aspx
龔書清(2009)。高市鹽埕區人口外移,基層促調降地價稅。壹凸新聞。線上檢索日期:2009年3月18日。網址:http://download.cw.com.tw/new/index.asp
Abeyratne, R. I. R. (1995). Proposals and guidelines for the carriage of elder and disabled persons by air. Journal of Travel Research, 33(3), 52-59.
Ananth, M., DeMicco, F. J., Moreo, P. J., & Howey, R. M. (1992). Marketplace lodging needs of mature travelers. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 33(4), 12-24.
Anderson, B. B., & Langmeyer, L. (1982). The under-50 and over-50 travelers: A profile of similarities and differences. Journal of Travel Research, 20(4), 20-24.
Blazey, M. (1987). The differences between participants and non-participants in a senior Travel Program. Journal of Travel Research, 26, 7–12.
Boothby, J., Tungatt, M. F., & Townsend, A. R. (1981). Ceasing participation in sports activity: reported reasons and their implications. Journal of Leisure Research, 13 (1), 1-14.
Capella, L. M., & Greco, A. J. (1986). Information sources of elderly for vacation decision, Annals of Tourism Research, 14(1), 148-151.
Crawford, D. W., & Godbey, G. C. (1987). Reconceptualizing barriers to family leisure. Leisure Sciences, 9, 119-127.
Crawford, D. W., Jackson, E. L., & Godbey, G. C. (1991). A hierarchical model of leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences, 13, 309-320.
Eby, D. W., & Molnar, L. J. (2001). Age-related decision factors in destination choice for united states driving tourists. Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing, 9(1/2), 97-111.
Fleischer, A., & Pizam A. (2002). Tourism constraints among Israeli seniors. Annals of Tourism Research, 29,106–23.
Gilbert, D., & Hudson S. (2000). Tourism demand constraints-A skiing participation. Annals of Tourism Research, 27 (4), 906–925.
Godbey, G. C. (1985). Non-particiption in public leisure service: A model. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 3, p.1-13
Godbey, G. C. (2003). Leisure in Your Life: An Exploration.(6nd ed.). State College, Pa.: Venture.
Hawkins, B. A., Peng, J., Hsieh, C. M., & Eklund, S. J. (1999). Leisure constraints: A replication and extension of construct development. Leisure Sciences,21, 179-192.
Henderson, K. A. (1991). The contribution of feminism to an understanding of leisure constraints. Journal of Leisure Research, 23, 363-377.
Henderson, K., Stalnaker, D., & Taylor, G. (1988). The relationalship between barriers to recreaction and gender-role personality traits for women. Journal of Leisure Research, 20(1), 69-80.
Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1981). Leisure counseling at crossroads. The Counseling Psychologist, 9, 71-74.
Jackson, E. L. (1991). Leisure constraints/constrained leisure: special issue introduction. Journal of Leisure Research, 23(4), 279-285.
Jackson, E. L. (1993). Recognizing patterns of leisure constraints: Results from alternative analyses. Journal of Leisure Research, 25(2), 129-149.
Jackson, E. L. (2000). Will research on leisure constraints still be relevant in the twenty-first century. Journal of Leisure Research, 32(1), 62-68.
Jackson, E. L. (2005). Constraints to Leisure. State College, PA: Venture.
Jackson, E. L., & Dunn, E. (1988). Integrating ceasing participation with other aspects of leisure behavior. Journal of Travel Research ,20 (1),31-45
Jackson, E. L., Crawford, D. W., & Godbey, G. C. (1993). Negotiation of leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences, 15, 1-11.
Jackson, E. L., & Henderson, K. A. (1995). Gender-based analysis of leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences, 17, 31-51.
Jackson, E. L., & Rucks, V. C. (1995). Negotiation of leisure constraints by junior high-school students: An Exploratory study. Journal of Leisure Research, 27(1), 85-105.
Jackson, E. L., & Scott, D.(1999). Constraints to leisure. In Jackson E. L., & Burton T. L., Leisure studies: Prospects for the twenty-first century (p.299-321). Pennsylvania:State College, Venture, 1999.
Jackson, E. L., & Burton, T. L. (1999). Leisure studies-Prospects for the twenty-first century (p.36). Pennsylvania:State College, Venture.
Jang, S., & Wu, C. E. (2006). Seniors’ travel motivation and the influential factors: An examination of Taiwanese seniors. Tourism Management, 27, 306-316.
Javalgi, R. G., Thomas, E. G., & Rao, S. R. (1992). Consumer behavior in the U.S. pleasure travel marketplace: An analysis of senior and nonsenior travelers. Journal of Travel Research, 31(2), 14-19.
Kay, T., & Jackson, G. (1991). Leisure despite constraint: The impact of leisure constraints on leisure participation. Journal of Leisure Research, 23(4), 301-313.
Lehto, X. Y., O’Leary, J. T., & Lee, G. (2001). Mature international travelers: An examination of gender and benefits. Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing, 9(1/2), 53-72.
Lindqvist, L. J., & Björk, P. (2000). Perceived safety as an important quality dimension among senior tourists. Tourism Economics, 6(2), 151-158.
Marvel, M. (1999). Competing in hotel services for senior. Hospitality Management, 18(11), 235-243.
McGuire, F. A. (1984). A factor analytic study of leisure constraints in advanced adulthood. Leisure Sciences, 6: 313-326.
Milman, A. (1998). The impact of tourism and travel experience on senior travels’ psychological welling-being. Journal of Travel Research, 37(2), 166-170.
Minka, T. P. (2005). Bayesian model seletion.Retrieved August 28, 2009, from the World Wide Wed: http://alumni.media.mit.edu/~tpminka/statlearn/demo/
McLean, D. D., Hurd, A. R., & Rogers, N. B. (2008). Recreation and leisure in modern society. (8 nd.ed.). Canada : Jones and Bartlett.
Nyaupane, G. P., & Andereck, K. (2007). Understanding travel constraints: Application and extension of leisure constraints model. Journal of Travel Research, 46 (4), 433-439.
Pennington-Gray, L. A., & Kerstetter, D. L. (2002). Testing the constraints model within the context of nature-based tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 40 (3): 416–23.
Raymore, L., Godbey, G. C., Crawford, D. W., & Von Eye, A. (1993). Nature and process of leisure constraints: an empirical test. Leisure Sciences, 15, 99-113.
Reece, W. S. (2004). Are senior leisure travelers different? Jounal of Travel Research, 43(1), 11-18.
Romsa, G., & Hoffman, W. (1980). An application of nonparticipation data in recreation: testing the opportunity theory. Journal of Leisure Research, 12(4), 321-328
Rosenfeld, J. P. (1986). Demographics on Vacation. American Demographics, 8,38-41.
Ross, K. (2003). Booming Markerplace: 13 Truths about Baby Boomer Travel. Travel Marketing decisions. Retrieved December 1, 2008 from the World Wide Wed: http://www.atme.org/pubs/archives/77_253_1108.CFM
Scott, D. (1991). The problematic nature of participation in contract bridge: A qualitative study of group-related constraints. Leisure Sciences, 13, 321-336.
Shoemaker, S. (1989). Segmentation of the senior pleasure travel market. Journal of Travel Research, 27(3), 14-21.
Shoemaker, S. (2000). Segmenting the mature market: 10 years later. Journal of Travel Research, 39(1), 11-26.
Tse, S. M. (2006). Crisis management in tourism. In Buhalis. D. & Carlos C.(Eds). Tourism management dynamics-trends, management and tools (p.28-38). Amsterdam: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top