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研究生:林育帆
研究生(外文):Yu-Fan Lin
論文名稱:應用於波束掃描之堆疊式天線設計
論文名稱(外文):Stacked antenna design for beam steering
指導教授:劉文忠劉文忠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:光電與材料科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:波束掃描堆疊
外文關鍵詞:beam steeringStacked
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在許多的天線當中,以微帶天線的體積小、輕、易於製造且容易與其他電路整合,而更加的被重視。且漏波式天線具有邊傳邊漏的特性可促使頻寬增大,且利用微帶線饋入方式於多層結構讓整個天線的設計增加更多可變異參數。
本論文包括有兩個研究方向:第一、輻射場形的波束指向隨著頻率改變而改變的天線設計;第二、在固定的操作頻率點下,輻射場形的波束指向可調的天線設計。論文中,第一部分探討漏波天線的傳播常數中-衰減常數以及相位常數對於天線場型波束的影響。第二部分是利用電磁模擬軟體分析天線結構,探討此天線在不同結構下,對反射損耗之影響。以及探討不對稱性饋入線和輻射層所造成的耦合效應,進而達成使筆狀輻射波束具可掃描的特性。第三部份則以設計好的天線做延伸,將輻射層上的貼片天線尺寸在固定的範圍(半徑? 8.5 mm)下做變化,探討輻射層的電流相位分布,及其對輻射場形變化的影響,達成可在固定操作頻率點下進行波束掃描的功能。
應用於波束掃描之堆疊式天線設計有利於天線之遠場輻射判斷,進而掌握此天線之特性,方便於日後之應用。
Microstrip antennas have received much attention due to their low profile, light-weight, ease for fabrication and integration with circuit. The traveling-type leaky-wave microstrip antenna can provide wide-band frequency range and the employing of double-layer structure offers antenna more various parameters to adjust in order to satisfy various demands.
The aim of this work includes two aspects, 1) Antenna design for frequency dependent beam scanning function and 2) Antenna design for beam scanning function as the operating frequency fixed. The first topic studies the effect of complex propagation constant including both the attenuation constant and the phase constant to the direction of radiation pattern for a leaky wave antenna. The second topic is to obtain the optimal geometry parameters for the proposed antenna prototype from the electromagnetic solver. A study on effects of the asymmetric feedline and layer structure to beam scanning characteristic has also been done in this part. Finally, the beam scanning characteristic has been investigated by changing the dimension of radiating patch, which was printed on the topic layer, within the range of radius ?8.5 mm as the operating frequency was fixed.
Stacked antenna design for beam steering can be used to compute other antenna parameters such as far-field radiation, therefore antenna characteristics can be controlled effectively for future applications.
中文摘要 ............................................. i
英文摘要 ............................................. ii
誌謝 ............................................. iii
目錄 ............................................. iv
圖目錄 ............................................. vi
表目錄 ............................................. ix
第一章 序論......................................... 1
1.1 概述......................................... 1
1.2 文獻導覽..................................... 2
1.3 研究動機及設計概念........................... 3
1.4 內容提要..................................... 4
第二章 不同頻率點下波束掃描堆疊式天線設計........... 9
2.1 微帶線饋入堆疊式天線設計..................... 9
2.2 模擬參數分析................................. 10
2.3 場型指向性探討............................... 13
2.4 模擬與實作結果分析........................... 14
2.5 心得討論..................................... 15
第三章 固定頻率點下波束掃描堆疊式天線設計........... 36
3.1 輻射層結構優化修改........................... 36
3.2 模擬參數分析................................. 36
3.3 場型指向性探討............................... 38
3.4 模擬與實作結果分析........................... 39
3.5 心得討論..................................... 40
第四章 結論與未來研究方向........................... 56
4.1 結論......................................... 56
4.2 未來研究方向................................. 56
參考文獻 ............................................. 56
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