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研究生:陳詮竣
研究生(外文):Cyuan-Jyun Chen
論文名稱:新型廣義零向量高效率三相變頻器控制電路
論文名稱(外文):A Novel Generalized Zero Vector Control Circuit for High Efficiency Three-Phase Inverter
指導教授:陳宗成陳宗成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsung-Cheng Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:廣義零向量切換損失非連續脈波寬度調變
外文關鍵詞:generalized zero vectorswitching lossesDPWM
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在本論文中,提出一新型簡單廣義零向量之高效率三相變頻器脈波寬度調變控制電路,此控制電路係由簡單的控制電路組合而成,以達到非連續脈波寬度調變(Discontinuous Pulse Width Modulation, DPWM)的調變技巧。基於此種技巧,使變頻器具有減少開關切換次數、提高整體電路效率與電壓使用率、純弦波輸出、簡單實用且降低成本等優點。此控制電路主要是由傳統弦波脈波寬度調變(Sine Pulse Width Modulation, SPWM)的三相調變信號加以規劃,轉換而成的非連續脈波寬度調變信號,不需繁瑣的計算過程,即可達成高效率的三相變頻器,非常具有實用價值。另外使用交替式非連續脈波寬度調變技巧,加以改善開關應力問題,增加系統可靠度。最後並提出部分實驗結果,以驗證其正確性。
In this thesis, based on generalized zero vector a novel simple PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) control circuit for three-phase inverter is presented. The proposed control circuit, which consists of simple control circuit to achieve function of DPWM (Discontinuous Pulse Width Modulation), has several advantages such as lower switching losses, higher efficiency and voltage usage utility, pure sinusoidal output and cost down etc.. In practical, based on conventional SPWM (Sine Pulse Width Modulation) the proposed control circuit, without complicated calculation, can generate the modulation signals of DPWM to drive an inverter with high efficiency. In addition, to average six switches voltage stress and increase system reliability the alternate DPWM technique is adapted. Finally, some experimental results are presented for verification.
摘要......................................i
目錄......................................iv
表目錄....................................xii
第一章 緒論...............................1
1.1 研究動機..............................1
1.2 研究背景..............................2
1.3 三相換流器調變技巧介紹................3
1.3.1 正弦脈波寬度調變....................5
1.3.2 第三次諧波脈波寬度調變..............6
1.3.3 60°脈波寬度調變.....................7
1.3.4 空間向量調變 ........................8
1.3.5 特殊脈波寬度調變....................11
1.4 本論文貢獻............................14
1.5 論文架構..............................15
第二章 三相換流器之廣義零向量控制法則.....16
2.1 簡介..................................16
2.2 三相換流器調變觸發信號推導............17
2.3 新型廣義零向量數學模式建立............21
2.3.1 正弦脈波寬度調變分析................22
2.3.2 廣義零向量調變技術分析..............25
第三章 VSI和CSI的廣義零向量控制策略.......48
3.1 簡介..................................48
3.2 一般電壓型和電流型簡介................48
3.3 應用廣義零向量之電壓型換流器..........52
3.4 應用廣義零向量之電流型換流器..........56
第四章 硬體電路與實驗結果.................60
4.1 系統規格..............................60
4.2 系統架構..............................61
4.2.1 主電路之硬體電路....................62
4.2.2 光耦合隔離驅動電路..................63
4.2.3 霍爾元件電流迴授感測電路............64
4.3 廣義零向量電壓型控制波形量測..........65
4.3.1 波形量測...........................65
4.3.2 波形量測...........................68
4.3.3 和 交替變換波形量測................72
4.4 廣義零向量電流型控制波形量測..........75
4.4.1 波形量測...........................76
4.4.2 波形量測...........................78
4.4.3 和 交互輪流變換....................80
第五章 結論與展望.........................82
參考文獻..................................84
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