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研究生:周聖原
研究生(外文):Sheng-Yuan Chou
論文名稱:模組化產品設計─以自行車產品設計為例
論文名稱(外文):Product design with modules - an example of modular bicycle product design
指導教授:蔡明標蔡明標引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:112
中文關鍵詞:模組化產品設計裝配順序專家系統
外文關鍵詞:knowledge-based architecturemodularproduct design
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
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模組化產品設計旨在發展一個實體可分離和組合之快速發展的產品,以利於裝配、服務、重新使用、回收等產品生命週期目標。本文主要在發展以知識推理架構為基礎的模組化產品設計系統,本文首先探討模組化產品設計於面對顧客需求與產品設計之間的關聯,然後嘗試將顧客需求與產品設計的關係應用專家推理系統建立起關聯知識庫,透過轉換機制的運作建立快速解決顧客需求與產品設計的問題。

本文應用專家系統工具Protégé 3.3.1來建立專家知識庫,並以自行車設計上顧客需求之產品設計上的問題為例,將自行車需求與設計的轉換機制加入至知識庫中,並使用專家系統發展程式語言JESS (Java Expert System Shell)為推理基礎,以法則推理為基礎呈現領域專家問題求解的方法,推理出滿足顧客需求之模組化零件選擇和建議出模組化零件之可行的裝配順序,最後將選用之零件以CATIA作出裝配順序之動畫範例,使客戶可以參考裝配之實體,讓顧客選擇購買更為方便。

總之,以知識推理為基礎之模組化產品設計具有滿足顧客之多樣性、互換性、相容性等特性,以及能夠縮短產品設計時間,仍然保有高品質、低成本的優點,達到為顧客而設計之目標。
Modular product design aims to develop a product architecture consisting of physically detachable components for rapid product development, ease to assembly, services, reuse, recycling and other product life cycle objectives. A product design with modules is one in which the input and output relationships between components, that is, the component interfaces, in a product have been fully specified and standardized.

In this paper, the knowledge-based architecture for modular product design is suggested, which discovers and shares the product knowledge and design rules to increase the effectiveness/efficiency of the product design with modules. This solution approach involves modeling modular products knowledge, modular components selection, and feasible assembly sequence of modular product. In modular products knowledge model, an object-oriented approach is introduced to capture the knowledge of modular product. In components selection and feasible assembly sequence of modular product, a reasoning mechanism is fabricated based on JESS. Last, a particular case of bicycle design is studied through the use of this knowledge based prototype system to prove the effectiveness/efficiency of the product design with modules. However, a knowledge-based system of product design with modules is also implemented to provide adapted design rules and share design knowledge in distributed environment. It will greatly enhance the competitive capability of companies trying to reduce the engineering design change.
中文摘要.......... i
英文摘要.......... ii
致謝.............. iii
目 錄............. iv
表目錄............ vii
第一章、前言...... 1
1.1研究動機....... 1
1.2研究目的....... 3
1.3 研究範圍與限制......... 4
1.4研究流程....... 4
1.5論文架構....... 5
第二章、文獻探討........... 7
2.1 模組化設計.... 7
2.2 知識工程...... 11
2.2.1 專家系統.... 11
2.2.2 知識本體論.. 14
2.3 品質機能展開QFD (Quality Function Deployment)..... 18
2.4 問題解決理論TRIZ (Teoriya Resheniya Izobreatatelskikh)......... 26
2.5 案例式推理.... 34
2.6 裝配順序...... 38
2.6.1 裝配順序的規劃方法... 38
2.6.2 次裝配輔助裝配順序規劃........ 40
2.7 文獻總結...... 44
第三章、模組化產品設計─... 45
以自行車產品設計為例之系統架構...... 45
3.1模組化產品設計之系統流程......... 48
3.1.1 自行車顧客需求....... 49
3.1.2 工程設計要點 ........ 51
3.1.3 模組化零件選擇....... 55
3.1.4 模組化零件裝配順序... 56
3.1.5 小結..................58
3.2 模組化產品創新之輔助系統........ 58
3.2.1 問題描述.... 58
3.2.2 系統架構.... 59
3.2.3 系統流程.... 60
3.2.4 QFD與TRIZ 的關聯..... 64
3.2.5 TRIZ與CBR(Case-based Reasoning)的關聯...........64
3.2.6 小結........ 65
第四章、模組化產品設計─以自行車產品設計為例實作.......65
4.1 模組化產品設計之實作... 65
4.1.1 建立自行車模組化零件知識庫.... 65
4.1.2 建立顧客需求 .........67
4.1.3 模組化零件選擇....... 72
4.1.4 裝配順序推理 .........74
4.1.5 自行車裝配模擬動畫... 76
4.2 模組化產品創新之輔助系統實作.... 88
4.2.1 QFD圖之建立..........88
4.2.2 TRIZ矛盾矩陣與發明原則........ 91
4.2.3 案例式推理(CBR)之應用......... 96
第五章、結論...... 99
5.1 結論..........99
5.2 未來展望...... 100
參考文獻..........101
Extended Abstract.......... 108
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[59]http://protege.stanford.edu/index.html
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