跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.222.104.206) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/23 18:15
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳紀淵
研究生(外文):Ji-Yuan Chen
論文名稱:以混煉法製備聚丙烯/改質奈米雲母複合材料之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on the nanocomposites of polypropylene/mica by melt compounding
指導教授:陳景祥陳景祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Hsing Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:材料科學與奈米科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:138
中文關鍵詞:聚丙烯奈米雲母混煉高分子奈米複合材料
外文關鍵詞:polypropylenenano-micamelt compoundingpolymer nanocomposites
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:19
  • 點閱點閱:707
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:145
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究利用混煉法來製備奈米雲母(nano-mica)/聚丙烯(PP)之奈米複合材料,混煉時以不同含量重量百分比之奈米雲母進行混煉,實驗中除比較添加不同含量奈米雲母於聚丙烯,另外探討直接添加未經改質(Non-modify)的奈米雲母和以烷基(Alkyl)、甲基丙烯( Methacrylic)改質的奈米雲母之靜態機械性質(抗張強度與模數、耐衝擊強度和硬度) 、動態機械性質(DMA) 、熱性質(TGA、DSC、融熔指數)及物理性質提昇與改善聚丙烯性質程度差異。
研究結果得知,經由傅立葉紅外線光譜(FTIR),證實奈米雲母已成功改質。由粒徑分析儀檢定改質後的雲母粉末仍為奈米等級。以SEM觀察改質對奈米雲母與PP之間結合力的差異,得知改質過雲母與聚丙烯結合性較佳。機械性質方面,得知複合材料的抗張強度及耐衝擊強度測試皆會隨奈米雲母添加變硬變脆而下降,且改質後奈米雲母的機械性質因分散性優於改質前的雲母。動態機械性質方面,Tg點不會隨著雲母的添加而改變。熱性質方面,得知隨著雲母添加量增加,耐熱性提昇效果更顯著,但因改質劑會先裂解使得改質後雲母的耐熱性不如改質前雲母。
In this paper we use melt compounding to produce nanocomposites of mica /polypropylene (PP). The synthesis of nanocomposites materials include polypropylene, and mica (include non-modify and modify). To investigate the improvement on the static mechanical and Physical properties, dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA), heat properties of mica /polypropylene nanocomposites. The static mechanical properties include tensile strength and modulus, impact strength and hardness. In the heat properties include thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). And the melt flow index. Different functional groups were grafted on the mica by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer(FTIR). It is observed that the modification influenced bound force between PP and mica by SEM, and discove modify-mica best than non-modify mica of associativity. In the mechanical properties, the results had been down for tensile strength and modulus, impact strength because the Material has been Stiffening and Changes crisp. The modified mica was better than non-modified mica in the PP/mica nanocomposites, because of dispersal influenced. The glass transition (tan δ peak) has no significant effectiveness, when PP filled of mica. In the heat properties, concentration of mica was reflected in a marked increase of the heat-resistant. However, the functional groups dissociated at first, so modified mica decreased heat-resistant of nanocomposites.
目 錄
謝誌 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 V
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2研究背景與動機 3
1-3研究方向 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1聚丙烯(Polypropylene, PP) 6
2-1-1 聚丙烯發展歷史 6
2-1-2 聚丙烯的製備 6
2-1-3 聚丙烯的性質與用途 7
2-1-4聚丙烯的晶體結構 8
2-2 奈米雲母介紹 9
2-2-1雲母材料發展 14
2-3 奈米材料 18
2-3-1 奈米材料的定義 18
2-3-2 奈米材料之特性與應用 18
2-3-3奈米材料之分類 20
2-4奈米複合材料 23
2-4-1奈米複合材料的定義 23
2-4-2奈米複合材料之起源與發展 23
2-5奈米高分子複合材料製備方法 25
2-6高分子複合材料 28
2-7混煉機制與原理 28
第三章 實驗部份 31
3-1 實驗材料 31
3-2實驗設備與儀器 31
3-3實驗步驟 35
3-4實驗流程 36
3-5測試方法 37
3-5-1傅立葉紅外線光譜分析(FT-IR) 37
3-5-2掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM) 47
3-5-3粒徑分析 48
3-5-4 X光繞射分析(XRD) 49
3-5-5硬度(Hardness) 54
3-5-6抗張測試(Tensile test) 54
3-5-7耐衝擊試驗(Impact test) 57
3-5-8動態機械性質(DMA) 60
3-5-9接觸角 62
3-5-10密度測試(Density test) 63
3-5-11空孔率測試(Void content test) 63
3-5-12 透光度 64
3-5-13融熔指數儀 (MI,Helt index) 65
3-5-14微差掃描式熱分析(Differential Scanning Calorimeter) 66
3-5-15熱重量分析(Thermogravimetric Analyzer, TGA) 67
3-5-16 HDT 熱變形溫度 68
3-5-17 Vicat軟化溫度 69
第四章 結果與討論 70
4-1奈米複合材料形態學之探討 70
4-1-1 傅立葉轉換紅外線光譜儀(FT-IR)分析 70
4-1-2粒徑分析 71
4-1-3場發射電子顯微鏡分析(SEM) 76
4-1-4 X光繞射分析(XRD) 90
4-2奈米複合材料機械性質之探討 93
4-2-1硬度測試(Hardness) 93
4-2-2抗張測試(Tensile test) 95
4-2-3耐衝擊試驗(Notched Izod impact strength) 98
4-2-4動態機械分析(Dynamic Machanical Ananlysis) 100
4-3奈米複合材料物理性質之探討 103
4-3-1接觸角 103
4-3-2密度之探討 (Density test) 105
4-3-3空孔率(Void content) 107
4-3-4透光度 109
4-4奈米複合材料熱性質之探討 112
4-4-1融熔指數 (Helt index) 112
4-4-2微差掃描熱分析(DSC) 114
4-4-3熱重量分析(TGA) 117
4-4-4熱變形溫度 (Heat deflection temperature.HDT) 123
4-4-3維卡溫度 (Vicat Temperature) 124
第五章 結論 126
第六章 參考文獻 128
1.William F. Smith , “Composite material, ” Materials science and engineering,2nd ed,P593~655, (1994)
2.R.Roy, “Ceramics by the Solution-Sol-Gel Route, ” Science,Vol. 238, P664(1997)
3.J. L. Tu, Preparation and property studies of polyurethane / carbon nanotubes nanocomposites, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
4.馬振基,高分子複合材料,正中書局,711 (1988)
5.薛敬和,高分子化學,高立圖書 (1998)
6.郁仁貽,實用塑膠學,徐氏基金會(2003)
7.賴耿陽,聚丙烯樹酯PP原理與實用,復漢出版社(1996)
8.高俊剛, 李源勛, 高分子材料, 化學工業出版社 (2002).
9.G. Natta and P. Corradini, Nuovo Cimento,Suppl., Vol.15, p.40(1960)
10.E. J. Addink ahd Bientema, polymer, Vol.2, p.185(1961).
11.D. R. Morrow et al., J. Appl. Phys., Vol.39, p.4944(1968).
12.H. Abe, M. Aoki and H. Konno, “Synthesis of Analcime from Volcanic Sediments in Sodium Silicate Solution,”Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. Vol. 42, p81~92(1973)
13.R. E. Grime, Clay Mineralogy, McGraw-Hill, New York , P81~103(1953)
14.M. A. Osman, C. Moor, W. R. Caseri and U. W. Suter, Alkai Metals Ion Exchange on Delaminated Muscovite Mica, Journal of Colloid and Interface Sci. 209, p232~239(1999)
15.U. Velten, R. A. Shelden, W. R. Caseri, U. W. Suter and Y. Z. Li, “Polymerization of Styren with Peroxide Initiator Ionically Bound to High Surface Area Mica, ”Macromolecules, Vol. 32, p3590~3597(1999)
16.E. M. Kastner, E. Papirer and G. Riess, “Coupling Filling in Polypropylene,”Journal of Material Sci, Vol. 7, p955~957(1988)
17.陳建安,雲母鱗片添加於熱塑性聚胺脂之機械性質探討 ,國立成功大學工程科學系碩士論文(1994)
18.H.-J. Sue and K. J. Wang, “Impact fracture mechanisms investigation of MICA-filled polyurethane/urea rim composites, ” Journal of Polymer Research, Vol 2,P163-170(1995)
19.王崇道,絹雲母/熱塑性聚胺基甲酸酯 複合材料貼片製作及補強效果之研究,國立成功大學資源工程學系碩士論文(2003)
20.盧俊嘉,含絹雲母塗佈紙之性質 ,國立中興大學森林學系碩士論文(2003)
21.林海,絹雲母質二維納米薄片材料機械力化學改性及應用研究,北京科技大學學報,26卷6期,P627-630(2004)
22.蘇寶林,Nylon6/氟化雲母奈米複材射出成型製程條件對成品性質影響之研究 ,中原大學機械工程研究所博士論文(2004)
23.賴仁堯,奈米級絹雲母顏料之研製與其在塗布紙之應用,屏東科技大學木材工業系碩士論文(2005)
24.侯力,新型F級雲母帶用膠粘劑的研製,絕緣材料,38卷3期,P17-18(2005)
25.M. Azizi, W. Schneiderand W. Plieth, “Electrolytic co-deposition of silicate and mica particles with zinc, ” Journal of Solid State Electrochemistr, Vol 9, P429-437(2005)
26.洪存緯,利用乳化聚合法製備聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯 / 雲母奈米複合材料及性質分析,中原大學化學研究所碩士論文(2006)
27.Xiaolin Chen, Yonghong Cheng, Bo Yuea and Hengkun Xie, “Study of epoxy/mica insulation deterioration in generator stator using ultra-wide band partial discharge testing technique, ” Jiaotong University(2006)
28.史學翰,以溶液分散法製備聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯/雲母 奈米複合材料及其性質研究,中原大學化學工程研究所碩士論文(2007)
29.陳怡錦,含銀之導電絹雲母之製備與性質研究,中原大學化學工程研究所碩士論文(2007)
30.張翊祺,環氧樹脂/改質奈米雲母有機無機複合材料之研究,中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所碩士論文(2008)
31.顏守舷,聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯分別與改質雲母及改質蒙脫土複合材料之製備與性質研究,清雲科技大學機械工程系所碩士論文(2008)
32.鄭鍵棋,聚縮醛分別與改質雲母及改質蒙脫土複合材料之製備與性質研究,清雲科技大學機械工程系所碩士論文(2008)
33.Colvert P. Natural, Vol.26, p.300(1996)
34.Hiroshi A, Hiroto K. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B, Vol.3, p.209(1999)
35.Rapirer, E., Schultz, J. and Turchi, C., Eur. Polym. J., p.1155 (1984)
36.Han, C.D., Luo, H.L., and Mijovic, J., SPEANTEC Proceeding, p.82-132 (1982)
37.Han, C.D., Van Den Weghe, T., Shete, P., and Haw, J.R., Polym.Eng. Sci., 21, p.196 (1981)
38.Okuno, K. and Woodhams, R. T. Polym. Eng. Sci., 15., p.308 (1975)
39.林景正、賴宏仁, 奈米材料技術與發展趨勢,工業材料, 第153期, p.95 (1999)
40.李世陽,奈米科技在高分子產業應用探索,工研院化工所培訓班講義(2002)
41.廖建勛,納米複合材料, 工業材料,第125 期, p.108(1997)
42.J.W.Gilman and T.Kashiwagi, Sampe Journal, Vol.33, p.40(1997)
43.Mansfirld, K. F.and Theodorou, D.N., Marcromolecules, 24, p.4295(1991)
44.Stoklass, K., Tomis, F., and Naveatil, Z., Thermochimica Acta, 93, p.221(1985)
45.Al-Esaimi, M. M. J. Appl. Polm. Sci(1997)
46.Kowale, T.and Galeski, A., Jappl.Polm. Sci., Vol.32, p.2919(1986)
47.Yano, K. ;Usuki, A.; Okada, A.;Kurauchi, Kamigaito, O., J. Polm. Sci., Part A:Polm. Chem.(1993)
48.R. A. Vaia, H.Ishii, and E.P.Giannelis.Chem.Met. (1993)
49.Sukka, M., Cerini N., Ghosh S. S. Winey, K. I., Journal of Polymer Science: Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol.34, p.1443(1996)
50.Oyama, H. T.;Sprycha, R.;Xie, Y.;Partch, R. E. and Matijevic, E., Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.160, P298(1993)
51.Allcock, H. R. Lamp, F.W., “Contemporary Polymer Chemistry, ” 2ndEdition, Pretice-Hall., Inc.(1990)
52.Huang, C.;Partch, R. E. and Matijevic, E., Journal of Colloid and interface Science, Vol.160, P275(1993)
53.Genetti, W. B.;Grady, B. P. and O’Rear, E. A., Materials Research Society Symposium Proceeding Electronic Packaging Materials Science IX, 445, p.153(1997)
54.王建智,聚丙烯奈米複合材料之微結構及物性檢測,東海大學化
學工程研究所,碩士論文,(2005)
55.Z. Tadmor, C. G. Gogos, Princ. Polym. (1976)
56.T. Sugita, M. Ito., Anal. Chem., 38, 1620(1905)
57.H. Dannberg, W. R. Harp, J. Anal. Chem., 28, 86(1950)
58.L. Schechter, J. Wynstra and R. P. Kurkjy, Ind. Eng, Chem., 48, 94,(1956)
59.P.V. Sindyakin, Vysokomol. soyed., A14, No.5, 979(1972)
60.D. Thomas, R. David, Polym. Sci., 22, 821(1982)
61.M. A. Golub, N. R. Lerner, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 32, 5215(1986)
62.M. Antonio, M. Jovan, P. Elim and C. F. Cheu, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 32, 3761(1986)
63.C. E. Freazal, J. Polym. Sci., 34, 2367(1987)
64.D. W. Schiering, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 34, 2367(1987)
65.D. A. Skoog and J. J. Leary, Principles of instrumental analysis, fourth edition, Saunders College Publishing, p252~288(1992)
66.D. H. Chenery and N. Sheppard, Appl. Spectrosc., 32, 79(1978)
67.A. A. Michelson, “On the Application of Interference-method to Spectroscopic Measurements, ” Philosophical Magazine, 34, 280(1892)
68.A. A. Michelson, “Visibility of Interference-fringes in the focus of a telescope, ” Philosophical Magazine, 31, 256(1891)
69.J. Conners and P. Connes, “Near-infrared Planetary Spectra by Fourier Spectroscopy Instruments and Results, ” Journal of the Optical Society of America 56, 896(1966)
70.J. W. Cooley and J. W. Tukey, “An Algorithm for the Machine Calculation of Fourier Series, ”Mathematics Computation, 19, 297(1965)
71.P. R. Griffiths and J. A. Dehaseth, “Fourier Transform Innfrared Spectroscopy, ”New York:Wiley(1986)
72.J. Ferraro and K. Krishman, “Practical Fourier Transform Innfrared Spectroscopy , ” New York:Academic Press(1990)
73.C. C. Homes, “Fourier Transform Innfrared Spectroscopy,” Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upon, New York(2007)
74.S. O. Kasap, Principle of Electronic Materials and Devices, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill International Edition(2006)
75.H. David, R. Robert, and W. Jearl, Fundamentals of Physic, Sixth Edition, New York:John Wiley & Sons Inc. p809~810(2001)
76.J. I. Goldstein and H. Yakowitz, Partical Scanning Electron Microscopy, New York:Plenum Press(1975)
77.D. E. Newbury, D. C. Joy, P. Echlin, C. Fiori, J. I. Goldstein, Advanced Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis, New York:Plenum Press(1986)
78.E. J. Humphreys, The Scanning Electron Microscopy, London:Institute of Metals(1988)
79.J. I. Goldstein, D. E. Newbury, P. Echlin, D. C. Joy, A. D. Roming, Jr., C. E. Lymen, C. Fiori and E. Lifshin, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis, 2nd Ed., New York:Plenum Press(1992)
80.R. E. Lee, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis, New Jersey:PTR Prentice Hall(1993)
81.顏志超,有機材料,化工材料,P33~71(1998)
82.范樂陽,塑膠檢驗法,高立圖書(1996)
83.W. F. Smith and J. Hashemi, “Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering ”, Forth Edition, McGraw-Hill(2007)
84.W. Massa, “Crystal Structure Determination ”, Springer(1999)
85.B. D. Cullity, “Elements of X-ray Diffraction ”, 2d ed., Addision-Wesley, 23(1978)
86.M. Otsuka, F. Kato, and Y. Matsuda, “Comparative evaluation of the degree of in domethacin crystallinity by chemoinfometrical Fourie-Transformed Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and conventional Powder X-ray Diffractiometry,” Pharm. Sci. 2(1): p1-8(2000)
87.X. Pan, T. Julian, and L. Augsburger, “Quantitative measurement of indomethacin crystallinity in indomethacin-silica gel binary system using differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray powder diffractometry,” Pharm. Sci. Tech. 7(1): E1-E7(2006)
88.胡德,高分子物理與機械性質上冊,渤海堂事業有限公司,(1990)
89.胡德,高分子物理與機械性質下冊,渤海堂事業有限公司,(1990)
90.〝ASTM Standards〞, Amercan Society for Testing and Materials, (1916)
91.陳進福,高分子加工,正元圖書公司(1999)
92.中國科學技術大學高分子物理研究室,高聚物的結構與性能,科學出版社(1983)
93.林建中,高分子材料科學,文京圖書出版(2007)
94.陳文祥,複合材料機械性能檢測,科儀新知,第17卷4期(1996)
95.謝國煌,動態機械分析儀之應用分析, 科儀新知,第十八卷第四期(1997)
96.高家武、雷渭源、張富盛、張秋禹、伍必興,高分子材料近代檢測技術,北京航空大學出版(1994)
97.G. Widmann and R. Riesen, Thermal Analysis, Huthig(1987)
98.E. L. Charsley and S. B. Warrington, Thermal Analysis Techniques Applications, The Royal Society of Chemistry(1992)
99.D. R. J. White, A Hand book Series On Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility, Third Edition(1981)
100.J. Goedboed and B. V. Boeken, Electromagnetic Compatibility, Kluwer Technoiseche, Deventer, The Netherlands(1990)
101.X. L. Liu and W. Hillier, Heat Transfer and Cure Analysis for The Pultrusion of A Fiberglass-Vinyl Ester I Beam, Composite Structures, 47, p581~588(1999)
102.B. D. Agarwal and L. J. Broutman, “Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composite, ” John Wiley & Sons(1980)
103.L. Jilken, G. Malhammar and R. Selden, Polym. Compos, Vol. 10, p329(1991)
104.T. F. Scott, W. D. Cook and J. S. Forsythe, “Kinetics and Network Structure of Thermally Cured Vinyl Ester Resins, ” European Polymer Journal,38, p705~716(2002)
105.J. J. La. Scala, J. A. Orlicki, C. Winston, E. J. Robinette, J. M. Sands and G. R. Palmese, “The Use of Bimodal Blends of Vinyl Ester Monomers To Improve Resin Processing and Toughen Polymer Properties, ” Polymer ,46, p2908~2921(2005)
106.E. Kandare, G. Chigwada, D. Wang, C. A. Wilkie and J. M. Hossenlopp, “Nanostructured layered copper hydroxy dodecyl sulfate:A Potentia Fire Retardant For Poly(Vinyl Ester)(PVE), ” Polymer Degradation and Sability 91, p1781~1790(2006)
107.A. C. Rosario, E. B. Cooper and J. S. Riffle, “Copolymerization Behavior and Propertise of Dimethacrylate-Styrene Networks, ” Polymer ,48, p1203~1211(2007)
108.柯騰凱,以混煉法製備多壁奈米碳管/聚丙烯複合材料之研究, 中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所碩士論文(2008)。
109.巫俊賢,聚苯乙烯/氧化鋁有機無機奈米複合材料之研究,中國 文化大學材料科學與製造研究所碩士論文(2003)。
110.林凱鴻,以押出法製備聚丙烯/氧化鋁有機無機奈米複合材料之研究,中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所碩士論文( 2007)。
111.莊佾宸,玻璃纖維強化乙烯酯拉擠成型奈米複合材料之研究, 中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所碩士論文(2008)。
112.吳泰瑋,幾丁聚醣奈米複合材料之製備及性質研究,中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所碩士論文(2008)。
113.郭韋麟,PP/mPE/clay水交聯奈米複合材料之製備與性質研究, 中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所碩士論文(2008)。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top