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研究生:李金純
研究生(外文):Jin-chun Li
論文名稱:高美濕地萬歲大眼蟹(Macrophthalmu sbanzai)的生長、繁殖與行為研究
論文名稱(外文):Growth, Reproduction and Behavior of Macrophthalmus banzai(Brachyura: Macrophthalmidae) at Kaomei Wetland, Taiwan.
指導教授:劉烘昌劉烘昌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung-chang Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:生態學研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生態學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:生活史行為繁殖脫殼成長萬歲大眼蟹
外文關鍵詞:reproductionmolt incrementMacrophthalmus banzailife historybehavior
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:880
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  • 下載下載:181
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究探討台中縣清水鎮高美濕地的萬歲大眼蟹族群之生長、繁殖與行為。透過採集調查與行為拍攝分析,瞭解萬歲大眼蟹的族群結構、脫殼成長、性成熟體型、繁殖季、繁殖力、幼體釋放時機及各種行為特徵。在族群結構上,雌蟹的平均體型大於雄性,但大體型個體以雄性居多。雄雌蟹性別比率為1:1.31,雌多於雄。幾乎整年皆可脫殼成長,蛻殼高峰在6月。平均脫殼成長大小為頭胸甲寬增加7.22 ± 3.57%,最大增加16.50%,最小增加0.69%。各種不同研究方法所推估之最小性成熟體型不同,雄蟹最小性成熟體型介於頭胸甲寬12.4-14.6 mm,雌蟹介於頭胸甲寬9.6-15.4 mm。繁殖為季節性,抱卵雌蟹出現於每年的9月至隔年5月,時間長達9個月。抱卵雌蟹孵化出的幼體數目隨雌蟹體型大小及生理狀況差異很大,數量介於1150-8870隻。幼體釋放時機與潮汐振幅和潮汐週期的相關度稍高,抱卵雌蟹集中在大潮期間的滿潮前後時間釋放幼體,白天及晚上都會釋幼。觀察到的行為有揮螯、互相清潔、打鬥、交配、攝食、蛻殼以及曬太陽等行為。
The objective of this study is to determine the growth, reproduction and behavior of the sentinel crab, Macrophthalmus banzai at Kaomei wetland, Central Taiwan. Through field survey and observation, the population structure, molt increment, size at sexual maturity, breeding season, fecundity, larval release timing, and behavior were investigated. Females (average carapace width (CW) = 15.8 ± 3.1 ) were significantly larger than males (average CW = 15.1 ± 3.8 ), but the largest individuals are males. The ratio of gender is 1:1.31 ( male : female = 2763 : 3620). The molting individuals can be found nearly all year round, with highest frequency occuring in June. The average of molt increment was 7.22±3.57% (n=142) with the maximum increment at 16.50% and the minimum increment at 0.69%. The smallest mature size of male ranged from 12.4 to 14.6 mm CW and the smallest mature size of female ranged from 9.6 to 15.4 mm CW. The breeding season is from September to May of the following year. Most ovigerous females release larvae during the full moon and new moon period. Larval release occurs for about a 3-h period within a tidal cycle. The number of hatched larvae carried by females varies between 1150 and 8870 depending on the size of the females. The observed behavior included waving, allocleaning, fighting, mating, larvae release, feeding, molting and sunbathing.
摘 要.........................................i
Abstract.....................................ii
目 錄.........................................iii
表 目 錄......................................iv
圖 目 錄.......................................v
壹、前言.......................................1
一、大眼蟹屬( Macrophthalmus )概說............1
二、萬歲大眼蟹的分類與形態特徵..................2
三、萬歲大眼蟹的分佈與棲地.....................3
四、萬歲大眼蟹的生長、繁殖與行為................4
五、研究目的.................................8
貳、研究方法...................................9
一、研究地點.................................9
二、採集與測量...............................11
三、脫殼成長分析.............................11
四、幼體釋放時機研究..........................12
五、繁殖力分析...............................12
六、行為觀察分析..............................13
七、資料分析.................................13
參、結果.......................................15
一、族群結構..................................15
二、生長......................................16
三、性成熟體型................................18
四、繁殖.....................................20
五、行為......................................22
肆、討論........................................26
一、族群結構..................................26
二、生長......................................28
三、性成熟體型.................................30
四、繁殖......................................31
五、行為......................................36
伍、引用文獻.....................................38
表..............................................46
圖..............................................51
附錄:萬歲大眼蟹於2007/3-2008/6的採集數量統計表(CW=頭胸甲寬(mm);M=雄蟹;F=雌蟹)..........................63
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