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研究生:謝義平
研究生(外文):Yi-ping Hsieh
論文名稱:創建他們的空間:李安電影《斷背山》中的空間性與性別認同
論文名稱(外文):Constructing a Space of Their Own: Spatiality and Gendered Identification in Ang Lee's Brokeback Mountain
指導教授:柯瑋妮柯瑋妮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Whitney Crothers Dilley
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:英語學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:性別認同性別操演空間流動性流動空間
外文關鍵詞:Gendered IdentificationPerformativitySpatial FluiditySpace of Flows
相關次數:
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本論文旨在探討李安導演的作品《斷背山》裡空間性與性別認同的重要性及關聯性。李安的《斷背山》是根據美國小說家安妮普茹於一九九七年發表的短篇小說改編而成。《斷背山》裡除了性別議題之外,其清楚呈現的公/私空間,空間的流動性及其對於性別認同的影響也將於本文中加以分析。長久以來,男性被視為是主宰公共領域的一方,而女性則仍是被奴役於私領域,如家庭。《斷背山》裡的兩位男主角常出現在公共領域,如戶外及酒吧,此顯示了男性移動能力的優越性;相較於女性常置身的家庭空間,則顯示了女性承受了比男性更多的限制。再者,《斷背山》裡描繪出一段在特別的時空下所產生的同性之愛,而那是不被社會接受且遭受社會體制的監督與檢視。
本文第一部分是序論。第一章主要以酷兒理論及巴特勒的性別操演論述來分析角色的性別認同。第二章則引用了社會學家列斐伏爾和女性地理學者對於空間與地方的論述來討論空間不是中立而是帶有性別的,此章也援引流動空間的概念來探討空間的流動性影響著性別認同。第三章檢視了角色不明確的性傾向以及社會體制對於同性戀所加諸的權力壓迫。為了捍衛不可侵犯的男性氣概,男同性戀者承受著社會體制的監控和面對種種的壓迫。最後一部分則是本文的結論,此部分重述了空間的流動性將影響性別認同的流動性。
The thesis endeavors to investigate the importance and linkage of space and gender based on the filmic context of Ang Lee’s much debated movie in 2005, Brokeback Mountain. It is a literary adaptation under the same name from the Annie Proulx short story published in New Yorker in 1997. Apart from the overwhelming discussion of gender in Brokeback Mountain, the clearly expressed distinction between public and private spaces, the spatial difference and the influences upon gender will also be examined. It has long been regarded and constituted that men are dominant in the public sphere; while women are captured in the private (domestic) sphere. The two leading characters in Brokeback Mountain are often seen in the public sphere, which indicates the potential mobility of being male. The female characters are often seen in the domestic sphere, which shows more confinement women have than men. Men are more capable of moving from one place to another, while women are imprisoned to one place (home). Furthermore, the queer love in the particularly spatiotemporal portrayal of Brokeback Mountain is forbidden and under surveillance. The queer bodies strive either to break the taboo or compromise with the reality.
The introduction will include the background of Brokeback Mountain and structure of the whole thesis. Chapter One applies queer theories and Judith Butler’s concept of performativity to analyze characters’gender identification. Chapter Two investigates the theme of space and place by applying notions of Henri Lefebvre and feminist geographers who argue that space is never neutral and it is urgent to create a sense of space; moreover, the concept of space of flows interprets that the spatial mobility affects one’s identification. Chapter Three will examine characters’ uncertain sexuality in a highly monitored society and the power relation that society places upon homosexual, that whoever is conceived as homosexual is being gazed and finally being eliminated to safeguard the inviolable masculinity. The last part will be the conclusion of the thesis which ties together the issues of fluidity of identification with fluidity of space.
Introduction………………………..1

Chapter One: Are They Queer?.................16

Chapter Two: Space that Matters................36

Chapter Three: Bodies in Trouble.................61

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………78

Works Cited………………………………………………………………………84
中文書目……………………………………………………………………………91
Primary Sources:
Brokeback Mountain. Dir. Ang Lee. Focus Features-Universal, 2005.
McMurtry, Larry and Diana Ossana. “Brokeback Mountain, the Screenplay.” Brokeback Mountain: Story to Screenplay. New York: Scribner, 2005. 29-127.
Proulx, Annie, “Brokeback Mountain, the story.” Brokeback Mountain: Story to Screenplay. New York: Scribner, 2005. 1-28.
---. “Getting Movied.” Brokeback Mountain: Story to Screenplay. New York: Scribner, 2005. 129-38.
Secondary Sources:
Austin J. L. How to Do Things with Words. Massachusetts: Harvard UP, 1975.
Baugh, Scott, L, Donovan Gwinner, Sara L. Spurgeon, and O. Alan Weltzien. “Conversing Brokeback Mountain’s Varied Spaces and Contested Desires.” Intertext 10.2 (Fall 2006): 155-68.
Becker, Howard S. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. New York: The Free Press, 1991.
Bell, David, and Gill Valentine. Mapping Desire. London: Routledge, 1995.
Bell, Vikki. “Performativity and Belonging: An Introduction.” Theory, Culture & Society 16.2 (1999): 1-10.
Benshoff, Harry, and Sean Griffin. Eds. Queer Cinema, The Film Reader. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Berry, Chris. “The Chinese Side of the Mountain.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 32-37.
Binnie, Jon, and Gill Valentine. “Geographies of Sexuality—A Review of Progress.” Lesbian and Gay Studies: An Introductory, Interdisciplinary Approach. Eds. Theo Sandfort, Judith Schuyf, Jan W. Duyvendak and Jeffrey Weeks. London: Sage, 2000. 132-45.
Brod, Harry. “They’re Bi Shepherds, Not Gay Cowboys: The Misframing of Brokeback Mountain.” The Journal of Men’s Studies 14.2 (Spring 2006): 252-53.
Brown, Michael P. Closet Space: Geography of Metaphor from the Body to the Globe. London: Routledge, 2000.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
---. Undoing Gender. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Castells, Manuel. The Network Society: a Cross-cultural Perspective. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar, 2004.
Chauncey, George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York: Basic Books, 1994.
Chinn, Sarah E. “Gender Performativity.” Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Critical Introduction. Eds. Andy Medhurst and Sally R. Munt. London: Cassell, 1997.294-308.
Clarke, Roger. “Lonesome Cowboys.” Sight and Sound 16.1 (2006): 28-33.
Cohen, Ed. “Who are “We”? Gay “Identity” as Political (E) motion.” Inside/Out. Ed. Diana Fuss. New York: Routledge, 1991. 71-92.
Creet, Julia. “Anxiety of Identity: Coming Out and Coming Undone.” Negotiating Gay and Lesbian Studies. Eds. Monica Dorenkamp and Richard Henke. New York: Routledge, 1995. 179-200.
Cresswell, Tim. Place: A Short Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
Dilley, Whitney, Crothers. “Transcending Gender in Brokeback Mountain.” The Cinema of Ang Lee: The Other Side of the Screen. London: Wallflower, 2007. 159-69.
Dollimore, Janathan. “Bisexuality.” Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Critical Introduction. Eds. Andy Medhurst and Sally R. Munt. London: Cassell, 1997. 250-60.
Doty, Alexander. “Queer Theory.” Film Studies: Critical Approaches. Eds. John Hill and Pamela Church Gibson. Oxford: Oxford UP, 146-55.
Duncan, Nancy. Ed. “Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces.” Bodyspace. London: Routledge, 1996. 127-45.
Dyer, Richard. “Heterosexuality.” Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Critical Introduction. Eds. Andy Medhurst and Sally R. Munt. London: Cassell, 1997. 261-73.
Edgecombe, Rodney Stenning. “The Formal Design of Brokeback Mountain.” Film Criticism 31.3(Spring 2007): 2-14.
Esterberg, Kristin G. “The Bisexual Menace: Or, Will the Real Bisexual Please Stand Up?” Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies. Eds. Diane Richardson and Steven Seidman. London: Sage, 2002. 215-27.
Fortier, Anne-Marie. “Queer Diaspora.” Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies. Eds. Diane Richardson and Steven Seidman. London: Sage, 2002. 183-198.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish. London: Penguin, 1991.
Francke, Marieke, and Else Ham. Eds. Space of Flows. 26 Jan. 2006. 10 Dec. 2008. <http://www.ru.nl/socgeo/html/files/geoapp/Werkstukken/CastellsFlows.pdf>
Garrett, Daniel. “Brokeback Mountain: You Don’t Know What Love Is.” Film International 21. 48-67.
Gilbey, Ryan. “Brokeback Mountain.” Sight and Sound 16.1 (2006): 50.
Hammers, Corie. “Bodies that Speak and the Promises of Queer: Looking to Two Lesbian/ Queer Bathhouses for a Third Way.” Journal of Gender Studies 17.2 (June 2008): 147-64.
Jagose, Annamarie. “Queer.” Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York: New York UP, 1996. 72-100.
Kirby, Kathleen M. “Re: Mapping Subjectivity.” Bodyspace. London: Routledge, 1996. 45-55.
Kitses, Kim. “All that Brokeback Allows.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 22-27.
Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space. Trans. Donald Nicholson-Smith. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.
Lehman, Peter. Ed. Masculinity: Bodies, Movies, Culture. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Massey, Doreen. “Introduction: Geography Matters.” Geography Matters. Eds. Doreen Massey and John Allen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1984. 1-16.
---. “Spaces of Politics.” Human Geography Today. Doreen Massey, John Allen, and Philip Sarre. Eds. Cambridge: Politics, 1999. 279-94.
McDowell, Linda. Gender, Identity & Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1999.
McFarlane, Brian. “Brokeback and Outback: Brian McFarlane Welcomes the Latest Comeback of the Western in Two Disparate Guises.” Meanjin 65.1 (March 2006): 65-69.
Mercer, Kobena. “‘1968’: Periodizing Postmodern Politics and Identity.” Cultural Studies. Eds. Lawrence Grossberg, Cary Nelson and Paula Treichler. New York: Routledge, 1992. 424-49.
Miller, D. A. “On the Universality of Brokeback Mountain.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 50-60.
Miller, Tim. “Suck, Spit, Chew, Swallow: A Performative Exploration of Men’s Bodies.” Masculinity: Bodies, Movies, Culture. New York: Routledge, 2001. 279-99.
Nelson, Lise. “Bodies (and Spaces) do Matter: The Limits of Performativity.” Gender, Place, and Culture 6.4 (1999): 331-353.
Osterweil, Ara. “Ang Lee’s Lonesome Cowboys.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 38-43.
Puri, Jyoti. “Nationalism Has a Lot to Do with It! Unraveling Questions of Nationalism and Transnationalism in Lesbian/Gay Studies.” Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies. Eds. Diane Richardson and Steven Seidman. London: Sage, 2002. 427-42.
Rich, B. Ruby. “Brokering Brokeback: Jokes, Backlashes, and Other Anxieties.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 44-48.
Rose, Jane and Joanne Urschel. “Understanding the Complexity of Love in Brokeback Mountain: An Analysis of the Film and Short Story.” The Journal of Men’s Studies 14.2 (Spring 2006): 247-51.
Smelic, Anneke. “Gay and Lesbian Criticism.” Film Studies: Critical Approaches. Eds. John Hill and Pamela Church Gibson. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000. 133-45.
Spivak, Gayatri, C. In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics. New York: Routledge, 1988.
Tong, Rosemarie. Feminist Thought: A Comprehensive Introduction. London: Routledge, 1992.
Valentine, Gill. “Queer Bodies and the Production of Space.” Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies. Eds. Diane Richardson and Steven Seidman. London: Sage, 2002. 145-60.
Weeks, Jeffrey. Coming out: Homosexual Politics in Britain, From the Nineteenth Century to the Present. London: Quartet Books, 1977.
White, Rob. “Introduction.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 20-21.
Wood, Robin. “On and Around Brokeback Mountain.” Film Quarterly 60.3 (Spring 2007): 28-31.
Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One’s Own and Three Guineas. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992.

中文書目:
夏鑄九,王志弘編(Sha, Chu-Jiou and Wang, Chi-hung)。《空間的文化形式與社會理論讀本》(Reading in social theories and the cultural form of space.)。 台北(Taipei):明文(Ming-wen),1993。
張靜蓓編(Chang, Ching-pei)。《十年一覺電影夢》(A Ten-year Dream of Cinema.)。 台北(Taipei): 時報文化(Reading Times),2002。
李達翰 (Li, Dah-Han)。《一山走過又一山—李安. 色戒. 斷背山》(A Journey of Ang Lee: From Breakback [sic] Mountain to Lust, Caution.)。 台北(Taipei):如果(As if), 2007。
王志弘(Wang, Chi-Hong)。《性別化流動的政治與詩學》(The Politics and Poetics of Gendered Flows)。台北(Taipei):田園城市(City Garden),2000。
趙庭輝 (Daniel Ting-Huei Chao)。〈謎樣的身分、認同的游移:《豔光四射歌舞團》扮裝皇后的男性異裝與性別操演〉(Enigmatic Identity and Floating Identification: Male Transvestitism and Gender Performaitivity of Drag Queen in Splendid Afloat.)。《電影欣賞學刊》(Film Appreciation Academic Section)136 (Summer 2008):130-48。
陳婷玉(Ting-Yu Chen)。〈背叛! 台灣女性如何解讀電影《斷背山》:一個接收分析研究〉(Betrayal! How Taiwanese Females Interpret the Movie Brokeback Mountain: A Reception Analysis)。《電影欣賞學刊》(Film Appreciation Academic Section)136 (Summer 2008): 149-64。
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