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研究生:謝忠霖
研究生(外文):Chung-lin Hsieh
論文名稱:超越現實與虛構:論達文西密碼中的擬像
論文名稱(外文):Beyond Fact and Fiction: Simulation in The Da Vinci Code
指導教授:貝路思
指導教授(外文):Lucie Bernier
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:英語學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:達文西密碼布希亞擬像
外文關鍵詞:The Da Vinci CodeJean BaudrillardSimulacra
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自2003年出版以來,有關達文西密碼是否屬實的評論,一直是爭論的焦點。許多評論都認為,達文西密碼充其量只是一本巧妙融合了許多學術知識與領域的懸疑小說。其中相關的史實,或是有關藝術品及建築物的描述,大部分其實都和事實相去甚遠。而這樣的評論觀點,也透露出在閱讀過程中,讀者總是傾向於將事實與虛構區分開來的意識形態。然而,隨著非虛構小說(nonfiction-fiction)及文獻寫實主義(documentary-realism)在小說文類中的產生,這樣的閱讀習慣已經受到了挑戰。此外,在後現代社會中,產生出了一個事實和虛構曖昧不明的模糊地帶,也就是法國理論家尚•布希亞在擬像物與擬像一書中所探討的擬像理論。由於媒體的蓬勃發展,布希亞認為我們在日常生活中所接受的真實,其實都只是擬像物而已,根本沒有所謂的真實存在。本論文將根據布希亞的擬像理論,探討達文西密碼中對於現實的描述,尤其是關於藝術品及建築的敘述,並進一步討論達文西密碼一書中所建構出來的世界,其實相對地就是現實世界的擬像物,而這個虛構世界也遠比現實世界來的更為真實。
As a well-known truth, the author of The Da Vinci Code has claimed that the things described in the novel are included with facts at the beginning page of the novel. As a result, most critics focus on discovering the ambiguities and mistakes inside the novel, especially when the story accuses the Catholic Church, which is an important and basic element of western culture. But if we cross out the factor of accusing the Catholic Church, the phenomenon brought up by the novel is quite interesting because it reflects one general idea of our reading habit. That is, we all tend to distinguish fact from fiction. However, new types of novel writing, such as nonfiction-fiction and documentary realism, have broken the line between fact and fiction. In both writings, there is no difference between ‘literary truth’ and ‘literal truth.’ And in The Da Vinci Code, we can observe both features. As a result, the readers follow the story of the novel and check the sites presented in the novel. Therefore, I find it can be further discussed with Jean Baudrillard’s theory of simulation. Generally speaking, fictions are imitations to the empirical world. In other words, fiction is simulacra to the empirical world. The Da Vinci Code includes many factual references from different fields, and most of the time they are directly inserted into the novel in order to create a kind of feeling of truth-telling. However, the kind of feeling is only to hide the fact that the novel is not telling the truth. And the factual references about the artworks and architectures, which play important roles in solving the secret, are only simulations to the readers. This thesis tries to explain the situation and shift the focus onto pointing out the situation, which may be another reason why The Da Vinci Code can be so popular.
Acknowledgements ..….………………………………………………………………i
中文摘要 ………………………………………………………………..…………...ii
English Abstract………………………………………………………………………iii
Introduction ….………………………………………………………………………..1
Chapter One: Baudrillard and Simulation
(A) Jean Baudrillard ….……………………………………………………………...17
(B) The Orders of Simulacra ….……………………………………………………..19
(C) The Precession of Simulacra ……….……………………………………………23
Chapter Two: The Da Vinci Code: Fact or Fiction
(A) History and Fiction ……………………………………………………………...29
(B) Pastiche the Code: Documentary Realism in Thriller Fiction …………………..33
Chapter Three: Simulation in The Da Vinci Code
(A) Da Vinci’s Secret or Dan Brown’s Secret ……………………………………….44
(B) Following the Rose Line ………………………………………………………...48
Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………...62
Bibliography …………………………………………………………………………71
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