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研究生:李林
研究生(外文):Lin Lee
論文名稱:藉著服侍男性得到權力:《情婦法蘭德絲》與《藝妓回憶錄》
論文名稱(外文):Serving Men to Gain Power: Moll Flanders and Memoirs of a Geisha
指導教授:張繼莊張繼莊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kai-Chong Cheung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:英語學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:父權解構權力壓抑服侍男性
外文關鍵詞:Patriarchydeconstructionpoweroppressionserving man
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本論文要旨主要是藉著透過《藝妓回憶錄》裡面的女主角小百合和摩爾.法蘭德絲來分析女性藉著服侍男性得而到權力。法蘭德絲和小百合就是利用男性得到她們所想要的生活。她們推翻社會的束縛,沒有因為出生低而不爭取自己的權力。她們改變當時社會給女人的形象,並且努力追尋夢想。她們打破當時的社會思想,並且利用自己的能力去推翻社會的限制。自古一些交際花或是藝妓常常藉著服侍男性而得到更大權力,她們不需要遵循當時社會規範,並且享受的自由比其它的女人還多。
在英國18世紀的父權社會制度下,法蘭德絲如果不倚靠男性幾乎無法生存。她藉著婚姻和男人讓她能過著穩定的生活,她知道如何有效的利用自己的口才,美貌,身體去當成手段從男性身上得到利益。小百合藉著當藝妓讓她有機會可以和自己所愛的男人在一起,並且過著富足的生活。在20世紀初的日本社會,女性還是受男性控制的。小百合從小被父親賣到藝妓館,她深受其它藝妓迫害,造成她下定決心藉著自己的美貌和智慧去服侍男人,並且成為一個成功的藝妓以過著她理想的生活。
在過去,低下階層的婦女只能靠著服侍男性而得到好的生活,然而現今社會女性可以藉著工作,教育得到她們自己想要的生活模式,而不是只能依靠服侍男性。但是在父權的社會體制下現今女性還是會面臨一些難題。無論是在工作或是家庭,全世界的女性會遇到相同的困難,但是她們必須要盡全力去抗爭到底。因此不是只有小百合和法蘭德絲必須戰勝這些困難,而是全世界的女性必需努力為自己的權力抗爭到底。
The objective of this paper is to discuss women who can gain power by serving men. Women, such as courtesan and geisha can gain certain liberty than other women at that time, because they do not need to follow the restriction of the custom. They break the social rules, and they are not controlled by society. This paper will focus on two female characters: Moll Flanders in Daniel Defoe’s Moll Flanders, and Sayuri in Arthur Golden’s Memoirs of a Geisha. Moll Flanders uses her marriage as a path way to gain a steady life. Sayuri uses being a geisha to be together with the man whom she loves. They both change the social stereotypes of women, and want to live a different life that society pushes them to live. They break the social rules, and they are not controlled by society. They use their femininity to overturn the restriction of custom.
In the 18th century, society treated women in an unfair way, and Moll could not survive in the society if she did not rely on a man. In Moll’s marriage relationship and mistress relationship, she knows how to use her eloquence, beauty, asset and strategy to gain certain power from men. Although Sayuri lived two hundreds years later than Moll, she was still under the oppression of Japanese Society. In the 20th century, Asia women were still under the control of man. Sayuri was sold by her father to the geisha house, and she was oppressed by the geishas and the owner of the geisha house. She had to become a successful geisha, in order to become a free woman in the geisha house.
In past, lower class women gaining power from serving men was the only way to survive. Today, women can gain power not only by depending on men but also from their jobs, education, and families. However, today’s women still have to face lot of struggles in their jobs, families and society. Women in all over the world face the same difficulty, and they still need to try their best to fight for women’s rights. Therefore, it is not only Sayuri and Moll Flanders had to overcome their difficulties, but women all over the world have to work on the target also.
Introduction..........................................................1
Chapter I: The background of Moll Flanders and Memoirs of a Geisha....8
A. Daniel Defoe’s Background.........................................8
B. Moll Flanders background..........................................10
C. Arthur Golden’s Background.......................................16
D. Sayuri’s background..............................................18
Chapter II: The similarities and differences between Sayuri and Moll.29
A. The Similarities between Sayuri and Moll..........................29
B. The differences between Moll Flanders and Sayuri..................50
Chapter III: Moll and Sayuri serve men to gain power.................52
A. Moll serves men to gain power.....................................54
B. Sayuri serves man to gain power...................................64
C. Women in today....................................................75
Conclusion...........................................................81
Bibliography.........................................................85
Primary Sources:
Defoe, Daniel. Moll Flanders: Introduction by Virginia Woolf. New York: The Modern Library, 2002.
Golden, Arthur. Memoirs of a Geisha. New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1999.

Secondary Sources:
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Bell, Ian A. “Crime and Comfort.” In Daniel Defoe’s Moll Flanders. Ed. Bloom, Harold. New York: Chelsea House, 1987.
Backscheider, Paula R. Moll Flanders: The Making of a Criminal Mind. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1990.
Barry, Peter Ed. Beginning Theory. England: Manchester University P, 2002.
Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. Trans. H.M. Parshley. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.
CNN.com. “A Talk with Arthur Golden.” Book News. 23 March. 1999 < http://www.cnn.com/books/dialogue/9903/golden.interview/>
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Feldman, Martha. Gordon, Bonnie. The Courtesan’s Art: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press. 2006.
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Gelb, Joyce and Palley, Marian Lief. Women of Japan and Korea : continuity and change. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.
Cixous, Helene. “Stories: Out and Out: Attacks/Ways out/Forays.” Belsey, Catherine and Moore, Jane eds. The Feminist Reader: Essays in Gender and the Politics of Literary Criticism. New York: B. Blackwell, 1989.
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