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研究生:巫麗梅
研究生(外文):Li-Mei Wu
論文名稱:高等教育下的就業力-技職院校畢業生之過度教育與適度教育
論文名稱(外文):Employability after Higher Education:Over-Education and Adequate Education of Technical University Graduates
指導教授:田弘華田弘華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung-Hua Tien
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:過度教育適度教育大學技職院校二元勝算對數模型
外文關鍵詞:OvereducationAdequate EducationHigh Education-CollegeBinary Logit Model
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本論文旨在探討「高等教育下的就業力-技職院校畢業生之過度教育與適度教育」。
本文運用卡方檢定及二元勝算對數模型,探討各自變項與是否為過度教育者間的顯著關係。文中分析所用的資料係取自台灣高等教育資料庫91學年度大專畢業生問卷調查。

研究結果顯示:
一、研究發現有超過1/2大學技職院校畢業生就業後容易成為過度教育者。
二、女性發生過度教育的機率比男性高。
三、私立技職院校畢業生較公立技職院校畢業生容易成為過度教育者
四、學校主修領域中的主修其他領域者較容易成為過度教育者,其次為主修人文領域者、工科領域者及理科領域者,與過去相關文獻相符。
五、畢業總平均成績排名、實習工作經驗及擁有證照或檢定證書等變數,在本研究中並不具顯著性。
六、如何找到現有工作的方法,顯著水準僅0.05,及所學領域對找工作的幫助,不具顯著性,二者皆非影響成為過度教育的因素。

七、工作性質、大學教育、工作經驗、工作與所學相符、工作滿意度為影響是否成為過度教育者的重要因,與過去相關文獻相符。
The purpose of this thesis is to discuss “Employability after Higher Education:Over-Education and Adequate Education of Technical University Graduates”. By adopting Chi-squared test and Binary Logit Model ,it studies the significant relevance between people who receive overeducation and each variance. The resource of the analysis data used in this thesis is from university graduates survey 2002, Taiwanese higher education database.

By analyzing the above data, the results are shown as below:
(1)Over half of university and college graduates can easily become overeducated.
(2)The proportion of female being overeducated is higher than the proportion of male being overeducated.
(3)Private college graduates are more likely to be overeducated than public university graduates.
(4)Corresponded with historical data, Graduates whose major belonging to area called “others” have the highest possibility to be overeducated, followed by humanity, engineering and science.
(5)The research shows that variances like graduate average performance ranking, internship experience, and graduates with related license as well as certifications are not significant.
(6)The way of job searching, with significant level under 0.05, and the usefulness of school majors in terms of job searching are both not factors influencing graduates to become overeducated.
(7)Corresponded with historical data, work type, university education, working experience, conformability of major and work, job satisfaction are critical factors that decide whether graduates will be overeducated or not.
目 次
目 次........................................................................................................................................I
表 次...................................................................................................................................... II
圖 次..................................................................................................................................... III
第一章 緒論............................................................................................................................ 4
第一節 研究動機............................................................................................................ 4
第二節 研究目的及方法................................................................................................ 5
第三節 研究內容與架構................................................................................................ 6
第二章 文獻回顧.................................................................................................................... 9
第一節 勞動市場投資.................................................................................................... 9
第二節 過度教育的衡量方式...................................................................................... 11
第三節 過去相關研究之實證結果.............................................................................. 14
第三章 研究方法.................................................................................................................... 23
前言................................................................................................................................. 23
第一節 二元反應模型.................................................................................................... 23
第二節 最大概似估計法................................................................................................ 26
第三節 勝算對數模型的檢驗及解釋方法.................................................................... 28
第四章結果分析...................................................................................................................... 31
第一節 資料來源............................................................................................................ 31
第二節 使用變數的選擇及說明.................................................................................... 32
第三節 實證結果............................................................................................................ 35
4.3.1 基本統計量............................................................................................................ 35
4.3.2 卡方檢定(Chi-square Test )結果分析................................................................. 35
4.3.3 二元勝算對數模型結果分析................................................................................ 41
第五章、結論與建議.............................................................................................................. 48
第一節 結論.................................................................................................................... 48
第二節 檢討與建議........................................................................................................ 51
參考文獻................................................................................................................................. 53
表 次
表1-2 15-29 歲青年就業狀況............................................................................................... 7
表4-1:高等教育下的就業力-技職院校畢業生之過度教育與適度教育 變數之說明.... 57
表4-2:基本統計量................................................................................................................ 59
表4-3:大學技職院校畢業生之過度教育與適度教育其自變數的卡方檢定結果分析... 60
表4-4:技職院校畢業生之過度教育與適度教育之二元勝算對數模型分析結果........... 62
圖 次
圖1-1 近十年大專校院學校數及學生數............................................................................. 7
圖1-2 1978-2008 大學以上失業人數統計圖....................................................................... 8
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