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研究生:李秉叡
研究生(外文):Ping-Jui Li
論文名稱:全球論述中的性別平等—以性別主流化為例
論文名稱(外文):"Gender Equality" in Global Discourses – Introducing Gender Mainstreaming
指導教授:彭渰雯彭渰雯引用關係
指導教授(外文):yen-wen peng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:性別研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:性別主流化女性主義論述交會性
外文關鍵詞:gendermainstreamingfeminismsdiscourseintersectionality
相關次數:
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作為國際間廣為認可並宣稱加以執行的性別平等政策,性別主流化(Gender Mainstreaming)似乎尚未獲得足夠的概念理解與積極實踐;這具體而微地反映在當前我國政府在提出頗具遠景的承諾、及行政院所屬各級單位承辦人員對這個政策業務之工具與意義在認知與操作上的不足。
在此問題意識之下,本文將首先對國際間性別/主流化的理論意義及政策演變進行釐清與追溯,包括性別一詞本身在不同脈絡下的意涵,以及主流化在國際發展工作中從邊緣議題逐漸演進為主流政策。接著,根據論述理論的框架進行系譜性的回顧與詮釋,試圖展示性別/主流化在理論與政策演進過程中的多面向相互競爭之意義,以及其中哪些意義被排斥在論述邊緣、哪些意義又被鞏固在論述中心。最後則以國內近年在性別主流化大力推動之下,社會上對於相關的性別現象―包括公廁空間的性別化、女性如廁行為的生理本質化、以及邊緣陽剛氣質―的討論及其批判作結。
As a widely recognized and promoted policy approach for gender equality, Gender Mainstreaming seems not to be conceptually understood and actively practiced. In Taiwan, it was presented as official promise and policy, but not sufficiently understood and implementated in practice.
With this problematic, I will firstly trace and clarify the theoretical development of “Gender/Mainstreaming”, involving different meanings in various context, and the evolution of mainstreaming from marginal issue to mainstream policy.Secondly, reviewing and interpreting the history of gender mainstreaming drawing on the discourse theory and genealogy approachs, I attempt to reveal those competing meanings of Gender/Mainstreaming in the theory and policy evolution process, with the description of which meanings excluded to margin of discourse, and which meanings articulated to center of discourse. Finally, based on the clarified meanings of “gender” and “mainstreaming” mentioned above, some related gender phenomenon in Taiwan would be discussed and criticized, including gendered space of public toilet, biologically essentialized female behavior of excretion, and marginal masculinities.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 前言 1
第二節 性別主流化緣起概述 3
第三節 研究動機 5
第四節 研究目的 10
第二章 「性別」/「主流化」:批判性的系譜回顧 12
第一節 前言 12
第二節 「性別」:這籃子裝/漏了些什麼? 12
第三節 「主流化」是「主流」化嗎? 20
壹、聯合國的「主流」論述 21
貳、「主流」論述背後的性別涵義 23
參、主流化的明確定義 25
肆、主流化的政治策略與工具化 26
伍、主流化的後設意涵 29
陸、重回性別 32
第四節 女性主義及其政治策略 34
第三章 研究途徑:論述理論 46
第一節 前言 46
第二節 何謂論述/分析? 47
壹、緣起與發展 47
貳、論述理論的交織系譜 49
第三節 論述理論的概念基礎 52
壹、論述理論概論 52
貳、Laclau and Mouffe的論述理論 53
參、小結 56
第四節 Foucault的考古/系譜學 58
第五節 小結 61
第四章 不同時空脈絡中的性別平等論述 63
第一節 聯合國 63
壹、WID論述 64
貳、WAD論述 70
參、GAD論述 73
肆、性別主流化論述 82
伍、主流被轉化了嗎? 86
陸、小結 88
第二節 歐盟 91
壹、進入歐盟之後的性別主流化 91
貳、雙軌�酗T軌�釵h軌策略 95
參、性別主流化實踐差異 99
肆、超越性別的轉化潛力 101
第五章 結論 104
第一節 持續接合的論述 104
第二節 從我國的性別主流思維看主流化之可能性 106
第三節 研究限制 115
參考文獻 116
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