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研究生:李季凌
研究生(外文):Chi-ling Lee
論文名稱:AGT基因在脂肪細胞分化之角色
論文名稱(外文):The Role of AGT gene in Adipogenesis
指導教授:葉日弌葉日弌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ji-hi Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:慈濟大學
系所名稱:生命科學研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:42
中文關鍵詞:肥胖高血壓
外文關鍵詞:obesityhypertension
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肥胖是身體累積過多脂肪組織的狀態,這些過多的脂肪組織是導致代謝異常及心血管疾病的危險因子,其中很常引起的就是高血壓。近年來,國人十大死亡因前三名分別是惡性腫瘤、心臟病和腦血管疾病,和高血壓直接有關或密切相關的疾病佔了三分之二,由此可見高血壓對於國民健康所造成的威脅。
根據研究,AGT基因或angiotensinogen(AGT基因之產物)是體內主要控制血壓的物質,血壓較高、體型較肥胖者血液中angiotensinogen會較多。因此我們利用lentivirus攜帶shRNA,於脂肪先驅細胞細胞株表達,將Agt knockdown,來探究Agt基因於脂肪細胞分化所扮演的角色。結果發現:當Agt基因被抑制表達後,新生脂肪細胞比例會降低。此外,AngI、AngII是angiotensinogen被分解後調控血壓的胜�忖軉q。但外加AngI、AngII於Agt基因被抑制的前驅脂肪細胞並不會讓細胞有回復分化能力的狀況。若是直接送入去掉angiotensin片段的AGT基因質體,於Agt基因被抑制的前驅脂肪細胞,則細胞分化能力可被回復,新生脂肪的生成率會提高。這些實驗都顯示 AngI、AngII不是angiotensinogen影響脂肪分化的部分。本實驗進一步尋找AGT基因調控脂肪生成的部分,目前認為AGT基因會生成angiotensinogen後段的絲氨酸蛋白�“磻豯硎c(serpin domain)部分也不是影響脂肪新生的片段。
Obesity is a state of excessive fat accumulation. Obesity is associated with increased risk of other metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Hypertension is among the abnormalities associated with obesity.of The top three of the ten leading causes of death in Taiwan were carcinoma, heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Hypertension is a predisposing factor of the later two. The implication of hypertension on public health is clear.
Angiotensinogen, the product of AGT gene, is the main determinant of blood pressure. Obese or hypertensive individuals have more angiotensinogen in their blood. . In order to understand the role of the Agt gene in adipocyte formation, we knocked down the Agt gene using the lentivirus expressing shRNA targeting Agt. Adipogenesis was inhibited when Agt was knocked down.Angiotensinogen increases blood pressure by generating decapeptide AngI and octapeptide AngII. AngI and AngII could not restore the adipogenicity in Agt knockdown preadipocyte. Over-expressing human AGT cDNA lacking the sequence coding AgnI and AgnII in Agt knockdown 3T3-L1 preadipocytes restored adipogenicity. These experiments showed that AngI and AngII were not required for fat differentiation. The serpin domain of angiotensinogen alone was also not enough to support adipogenesis.
摘要(中文)................................................................. II
摘要(英文)................................................................III
ㄧ.前言................................................................... ...1
二.材料與方法................................................................ 8
三.結果..................................................................... 23
四.討論..................................................................... 27
五.文獻參考..................................................................29
六.結果圖....................................................................31
附圖.........................................................................38
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