跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.83.132) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/29 12:56
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:劉俊良
研究生(外文):Liu, Chun-Liang
論文名稱:兩生類多樣性和兩種濱水森林棲地的關係
論文名稱(外文):Amphibian Diversity in Two Riparian Forest Habitats in Central Taiwan
指導教授:關永才關永才引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kam, Yoeng-Choy
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:生命科學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:兩生類多樣性濱水森林蓮華池
外文關鍵詞:amphibiandiversityriprian forest
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:457
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
濱水森林是兩生類的核心棲地,維持兩生類族群的存續和族群間的連接,在兩生類的保育上有重要的功能。許多研究發現森林中兩生類多樣性和森林受干擾的程度是負向的關係,且人工林中的兩生類多樣性比天然林中低。然而,濱水區域中的研究卻顯示在不同的干擾程度的濱水森林或不同的濱水樹種組成對兩生類的多樣性並沒有影響。對兩生類而言,濱水森林可能扮演和高地森林不一樣的角色,導致濱水森林和高地森林改變對兩生類有不一致的影響。本研究目的主要探討臺灣中部低海拔濱水森林和兩生類的關係。實驗於臺灣林業試驗所蓮華池分所進行,從2006年十一月到2007年十月,每個月進行連續六個捕捉夜,以掉落式陷阱、PVC管和帆布墊調查濱水森林中的兩生類群聚。論文分為兩個章節,第一章探討濱水森林和兩生類多樣性的關係,以及氣象因子對兩生類豐富度變動的影響。第二章以四組配對的濱水天然林和人工林樣點進行實驗,探討兩種濱水森林林相對兩生類多樣性的影響,以及環境因子和兩生類空間分佈的關係。結果顯示,蓮華池地區的濱水森林是蛙類的核心棲地,對維持蛙類多樣性有重要的貢獻。掉落式陷阱和PVC管的組合可以有效的調查不同類群的森林兩生類(落葉層蛙類和樹蛙),而每日降雨量是影響蛙類豐富度變動最主要的氣象因子。溪流效應、覆蓋以及林業經營減緩蓮華池地區濱水人工林和天然林的差異,使兩種濱水林相有相似的蛙類多樣性。然而,各物種對棲地的偏好以及附近水域環境影響兩種濱水林相間以及樣點間的蛙類群聚組成不同。環境因子中林冠覆蓋度、樹蕨覆蓋度以及底層灌叢覆蓋度的組合是蓮華池地區濱水森林中兩生類群聚分佈最佳的解釋。
The riparian forests are important for protecting biological biodiversity. These forests, which serve as core terrestrial habitats and corridors for amphibians at different life stages, are important for amphibian conservation in terms of maintaining diversity and connecting populations. Many studies have repeatedly found that amphibian diversity was negatively associated with forest disturbance and was lower in silvicultural forests than in natural forests. Studies of amphibian diversity in riparian areas, however, showed no difference in riparian forests of different levels of disturbance, or of different tree species composition. Riparian forests may have different relationships on amphibians from upland forests, therefore, the effects of riparian forests changes on amphibians would not consist with upland forests. The purpose of my study was to examine the relationships between amphibians and lowland riparian forests in central Taiwan. My study was conducted on the riparian forests at the Lien Hua Chih Research Center. I used pit-fall trap, mats, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes to collect amphibians, and trapped six consecutive nights each month from November 2006 to October 2007. The experiment were presented in two chapters. In chapter one, I invested the relationships between riparian forests and amphibian diversity, and the influences of climate on amphibian temporal variation. In chapter two, I examined the effects of different riparian forests on amphibians by comparing the amphibian communities in natural and silvicultural riparian forests, and analyzing the relationships between environmental factors and amphibian distribution. Results indicated the riparian forests are amphibian core habitats and have important contributions on maintaining amphibian diversity at Lien Hua Chih reaserch center. The trap arrays composed of pitfall-traps and PVC pipes were effective on investing litter-fall frogs and tree frogs. The results of regression showed the temporal variation of amphibian abundance was most related to daily rainfall. I found that anuran species richness and diversity was similar between the two forest types, but the community composition was significantly different. No differences in amphibian diversity were probably due to effects of streams, cover, and forestry management which produced similar microclimates in both forest types. Differences in anuran community composition indicated differences in preference by frog species and the influences of aquatic habitats proximate to forests. Results of BIOENV analysis showed that combination of canopy cover, tree fern cover, and ground shrub cover was the best explanation on describing anuran community composition.
中文摘要............................................................1
英文摘要............................................................3

第一章 蓮華池濱水森林的兩生類多樣性
前言................................................................5
材料與方法...........................................................9
結果................................................................13
討論................................................................18

第二章 河濱天然林和人工林中兩生類群聚的比較
前言................................................................26
材料與方法...........................................................28
結果................................................................32
討論................................................................35
總結................................................................41
參考文獻............................................................43
表目錄..............................................................57
圖目錄..............................................................59
表和圖..............................................................60
個人資料............................................................87
Barrett, K., and C. Guyer. 2008. Differential responses of amphibians and reptiles in riparian and stream habitats to land use disturbances in western Georgia, USA. Biological Conservation 141:2290-2300.
Bastazini, C. V., J. F. V. Munduruca, P. L. B. Rocha, and M. F. Napoli. 2007. Which environmental variables better explain changes in anuran community composition? A case study in the Restinga of Mata de Sao Joao, Bahia, Brazil. Herpetologica 63:459-471.
Behangana, M., and J. Arusi. 2004. The ditribution and diversity of amphibian fauna of Lake Nabugabo and surrounding araes. African Journal of Ecology 42:6-13.
Blaustein, A. R., and J. M. Kiesecker. 2002. Complexity in conservation: lessons from the global decline of amphibian populations. Ecology Letters 5:597-608.
Blaustein, A. R., D. B. Wake, and W. P. Sousa. 1994. Amphibian declines: judging stability, persistence, and susceptibility of populations to local and global extinctions. Conservation Biology 8:60-71.
Bull, E. L., and B. C. Wales. 2001. Effects of disturbance on amphibians of conservation concern in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Science 75:174-179.
Bury, R. B., and M. G. Raphael. 1983. Inventory methods for amphibians and reptiles. Pages 416-419 in J. F. Bell, and T. A. Atterbury, editors. Proceedings of an International Conference: Renewable resource inventories for monitoring changes and trends. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
Chao, A. 1984. Nonparametric estimation of the number of classes in a population. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics 11:265-270.
Chao, A., and T. J. Shen. 2003. Nonparametric estimation of Shannon’s index of diversity when there are unseen species in sample. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 10:429-443.
Chao, A., and T. J. Shen. 2003-2009. Program SPADE(Species Prediction And Diversity Estimation) (http://chao.stat.nthu.edu.tw)
Chazdon, R. L. 2008. Beyond Deforestation: Restoring Forests and Ecosystem Services on Degraded Lands. Science 320:1458-1460.
Chen, J., J. F. Franklin, and T. A. Spies. 1995. Growing-season microclimatic gradients from clearcut edges into old-growth Douglas-fir forests. Ecological Applications 5:74-86.
Clarke, K. R., and R. M. Warwick 2001. Changes in marine communities: an approach to statistical analysis and interpretation. PRIMER-E, Plymouth, UK.
Collins, J. P., and A. Storfer. 2003. Global amphibian declines: sorting the hypotheses. Diversity and Distributions 9:89-98.
Corn, P. S., and R. B. Bury. 1989. Logging in western Oregon: responses of headwater habitats and stream amphibians. Forest Ecology and Management 29:39-57.
Corn, P. S., and R. B. Bury. 1991. Terrestrial amphibian communities in the Oregon Coast Range. Pages 305-318 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, technical coordinations. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General technical report PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oregon.
Crawford, J. A. 2007. Beyond the edge: riparian habitat use and forest manangement effects on stream salamanders in the southern Appalachian mountains. Faculty of the Graduate School. University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.
Crawford, J. A., and R. D. Semlitsch. 2007. Estimation of core terrestrial habitat for stream-breeding salamanders and delineration of riparian buffers for protection of biodiversity. Conservation Biology 21:152-158.
Cushman, S. A. 2006. Effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on amphibians: a review and prospectus. Biological Conservation 128:231-240.
Daubenmire, R., and J. Daubenmire. 1968. Forest vegetation of eastern Washington and northern Idaho. Washington State University Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 60. Washington State University, Pullman, Washington.
DeMaynadier, P. G., and M. L. Hunter Jr. 1995. The relationship between forest management and amphibian ecology: a review of the North American literature. Environmental Reviews 3:230-261.
DeMaynadier, P. G., and M. L. Hunter. 1998. Effects of silvicultural edges on the distribution and abundance of amphibians in Maine. Conservation Biology 12:340-352.
Dupuis, L. A. 1997. Effects of logging on terrestrial amphibians of coastal British Columbia. Herpetological Conservation 1:185-190.
Dupuis, L. A., J. N. M. Smith, and F. Bunnell. 1995. Relation of terrestrial-breeding amphibian abundance to tree-stand age. Conservation Biology 9:645-653.
Ernst, R., and M. Rödel. 2005. Anthropogenically Induced Changes of Predictability in Tropical Anuran Assemblages. Ecology 86:3111-3118.
Ernst, R., and M. O. Rödel. 2006. Community assembly and structure of tropical leaf-litter anurans. Ecotropica 12:113-129.
Ernst, R., and M. O. Rödel. 2008. Patterns of community composition in two tropical tree frog assemblages: separating spatial structure and environmental effects in disturbed and undistubed forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24:111-120.
Ficetola, G. F., D. Furlani, G. Colombo, and F. De Bernardi. 2008. Assessing the value of secondary forest for amphibians: Eleutherodactylus frogs in a gradient of forest alteration. Biodiversity and Conservation 17:2185-2195.
Fredericksen, N. J., and T. S. Fredericksen. 2004. Impacts of selective logging on amphibians in a Bolivian tropical humid forest. Forest Ecology and Management 191:275-282.
Gardner, T. A., M. A. Ribeiro-Junior , J. Barlow, T. Cristina, S. Avila-Pires, M. S. Hoogmoed, and C. A. Peres. 2007. The value of primary, secondary, and plantation forests for a neotropical herpetofauna. Conservation Biology 21:775-787.
Gibbons, J. W., C. T. Winne, D. E. Scott, J. D. Willson, X. Glaudas, K. M. Andrews, B. D. Todd, L. A. Fedewa, L. Wilkinson, and R. N. Tsaliagos. 2006. Remarkable amphibian biomass and abundance in an isolated wetland: implications for wetland conservation. Conservation Biology 20:1457.
Gibbs, J. P. 1998. Amphibian movements in response to forest edges, roads, and streambeds in southern New England. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:584-589.
Goldstein, M. I., R. N. Wilkins, and T. E. Lacher Jr. 2005. Spatiotemporal responses of reptiles and amphibians to timber harvest treatments. Journal of Wildlife Management 69:525-539.
Gomez, D. M., and R. G. Anthony. 1996. Amphibian and reptile abundance in riprian and upslope areas of five forest types in Western Oregon. Northwest Science 70:109-119.
Graeter, G. J., B. B. Rothermel, and J. W. Gibbons. 2008. Habitat selection and movement of pond-breeding amphibians in experimentally fragmented pine forests. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:473-482.
Greenberg, C. H., and G. W. Tanner. 2004. Breeding pond selection and movement patterns by eastern spadefoot toads (Scaphiopus holbrookii) in relation to weather and edaphic conditions. Journal of Herpetology 38:569-577.
Greenberg, C. H., and G. W. Tanner. 2005. Spatial and temporal ecology of oak toads (Bufo quercicus) on a Florida landscape. Herpetologica 61:422-434.
Guerry, A. D., and M. L. Hunter Jr. 2002. Amphibian distributions in a landscape of forests and agriculture: an examination of landscape composition and configuration. Conservation Biology 16:745-754.
Hannon, S. J., C. A. Paszkowski, S. Boutin, J. DeGroot, S. E. Macdonald, M. Wheatley, and B. R. Eaton. 2002. Abundance and species composition of amphibians, small mammals, and songbirds in riparian forest buffer strips of varying widths in the boreal mixedwood of Alberta. Canadian Journal of Forest Reservation 32:1784-1800.
Hecnar, S. J., and R. T. M'Closky. 1996. Regional dynamics and the status of amphibians. Ecology 77:2091-2097.
Herrmann, H. L., K. J. Babbitt, M. J. Baber, and R. G. Congalton. 2005. Effects of landscape characteristics on amphibian distribution in a forest-dominated landscape. Biological conservation 123:139-149.
Huang, C. Y., and P. C. L. Hou. 2004. Density and diversity of litter amphibians in a monsoon forest of southern Taiwan. Zoological Studies 43:795-802.
Johnston, B., and L. Frid. 2002. Clearcut logging restricts the movements of terrestrial Pacific giant salamanders (Dicamptodon tenebrosus Good). Canadian Journal of Zoology 80:2170-2177.
Kam, Y. C., Z. S.Chuang, and C. F. Yen. 1996. Reproduction, oviposition-site selection, and tadpole oophagy of an arboreal nester, Chirixalus eiffingeri (Rhacophoridae), from Taiwan. Journal of Herpetology 30:52-59.
Kam, Y. C., Y. H. Chen, Z. S. Chuang, and T. S. Huang. 1997. Growth and development of oophagous tadpoles in relation to brood care of an arboreal breeder, Chirixalus eiffingeri (Rhacophoridae). Zoological Studies 36:186-193.
Kam, Y. C., and T. C. Chen. 2000. Abundance and movement of a riparian frog (Rana swinhoana) in a subtropical forest of Guandau stream, Taiwan. Zoological Studies 39:67-76.
Karraker, N. E., and H. H. Welsh. 2006. Long-term impacts of even-aged timber management on abundance and body condition of terrestrial amphibians in Northwestern California. Biological Conservation 131:132-140.
Kluber, M. R., D. H. Olson, and K. J. Puettmann 2008. Amphibian distributions in riparian and upslope areas and their habitat associations on managed forest landscapes in the Oregon Coast Range. Forest Ecology and Management 256:529-535.
Knutson, M. G., J. R. Sauer, D. A. Olsen, M. J. Mossman, L. M. Hemesath, and M. J. Lannoo. 1999. Effects of landscape composition and wetland fragmentation on frog and toad abundance and species richness in Iowa and Wisconsin, USA. Conservation Biology 13:1437-1446.
Lai, S. J., Y. C. Kam, and Y. S. Lin. 2002. Elevatioal variation in reproductive and life history traits of Sauter's Frog (Rana sauteri) Boulenger, 1909 in Taiwan. Zoological Studies 42:193-202.
Lee, Y. F., Y. M. Kuo, Y. H. Lin, W. C. Chu, H. H. Wang, and S. H. Wu. 2006. Composition, diversity, and spatial relationships of anurans following wetland restoration in a managed tropical forest. Zoological Science 23:883-891.
LeGrand, H. G. 2005. Associations of avian and herpetofauna communities with forest management at multiple spatial scales. College of Agriculture. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
MacCracken, J. G. 2002. Response of forest floor vertebrates to riparian hardwood conversion along the Bear River, Southwest Washington. Forest Science 48:299-308.
Macdonald, S. E., B. Eaton, C. S. Machtans, C. Paszkowski, S. Hannon, and S. Boutin. 2006. Is forest close to lakes ecologically unique? Analysis of vegetation, small mammals, amphibians, and songbirds. Forest Ecology and Management 223:1-17.
Maisonneuve, C., and S. Rioux. 2001. Importance of riparian habitats for small mammal and herpetofaunal communities in agricultural landscapes of southern Quebec. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 83:165-175.
Marsh, D. M., and P. C. Trenham. 2001. Metapopulation dynamics and amphibian conservation. Conservation Biology 15:40-49.
Mazerolle, M. J., and A. Desrochers. 2005. Landscape resistance to frog movements. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83:455-464.
Mitchell, J. C., J. A. Wicknick, and C. D. Anthony. 1996. Effects of timber harvesting practices on Peaks of Otter salamander (Plethodon hubrichti) populations. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 1:15-19.
Mitchell, J. C., S. C. Rinehart, J. F. Pagels, K. A. Buhlmann, and C. A. Pague. 1997. Factors influencing amphibian and small mammal assemblages in central Appalachian forests. Forest Ecology and Management 96:65-76.
Naughton, G. P., C. B. Henderson, K. R. Foresman, and R. L. McGraw. 2000. Long-toed salamanders in harvested and intact Douglas-fir forests of western Montana. Ecological Applications 10:1681-1689.
Olson, D. H., P. D. Anderson, C. A. Frissell, H. H. Welsh Jr., and D. F. Bradford. 2007. Biodiversity management approaches for stream-riparian areas: perspectives for Pacific Northwest headwater forests, microclimates, and amphibians. Forest Ecology and Management 246:81-107.
Pittman, S. E., A. L. Jendrek, S. J. Price, and M. E. Dorcas. 2008. Habitat selection and site fidelity of Cope's Gray Treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis) at the aquatic-terrestrial ecotone. Journal of Herpetology 42:378-385.
Perkins, D. W., and M. L. Hunter Jr. 2006. Effects of riparian timber management on amphibians in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management 70:657-670.
Petranka, J. W., and C. K. Smith. 2005. A functional analysis of streamside habitat use by southern Appalachian salamanders: Implications for riparian forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 210:443-454.
Porej, D., M. Micacchion, and Thomas E. Hetherington. 2004. Core terrestrial habitat for conservation of local populations of salamanders and wood frogs in agricultural landscapes. Conservation Biology 120:399-409.
Reaser, J. K. 2000. Demographic analysis of the Columbia spotted frog (Rana luteiventris): case study in spatiotemporal variation. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:1158-1167.
Russell, K. R., T. J. Mabee, and M. B. Cole. 2004. Distribution and habitat of Columbia torrent salamanders at multiple spatial scales in managed forests of northwestern Oregon. Journal of Wildlife Management 68:405-417.
Rykken, J. J. 2004. Relationships between forest-floor invertebrate distribution, movement, and microclimate under alternative riparian management practices. Department of Botany. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
Schemnitz, S. D. 1980. Wildlife management techniques manual. Wildlife Society, Washington, D. C.
Schmidt, B. R. 2004. Declining amphibian populations: the pitfalls of count data in the study of diversity, distributions, dynamics, and demography. Herpetological Journal 14:167-174.
Semlitsch, R. D. 2000. Principles for management of aquatic-breeding amphibians. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:615-631.
Semlitsch, R. D. 2002. Critical elements for biologically based recovery plans of aquatic-breeding amphibians. Conservation Biology 16:619-629.
Semlitsch, R. D., and J. R. Bodie. 2003. Biological criteria for buffer zones around wetlands and riparian habitats for amphibians and reptiles. Conservation Biology 17:1219-1228.
Stoddard, M. A., and J. P. Hayes. 2005. The influence of forest management on headwater stream amphibians at multiple spatial scales. Ecological Applications 15:811-823.
Stuart, S. N., J. S. Chanson, N. A. Cox, B. E. Young, A. S. L. Rodrigues, and D. L. Fischman. 2004. Status and trend of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide. Science 306:1783-1786.
Suazo-OrtuNo, I., J. Alvarado-Diaz, and M. MartInez-Ramos. 2008. Effects of conversion of dry tropical forest to agricultural mosaic on herpetofaunal assemblages. Conservation Biology 22:362-374.
Sutherland, G. D., and F. L. Bunnell. 2001. Cross-scale classification trees for assessing risks of forest practices to headwater stream amphibians. Pages 550–555 in D. H. Johnson, and T. A. O'Neill, editors. Wildlife-habitat relationships in Oregon and Washington. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon.
Todd, B. D., and C. T. Winne. 2006. Ontogenetic and interspecific variation in timing of movement and responses to climatic factors during migrations by pond-breeding amphibians. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:715-722.
Toral C, E., P. Feinsinger, and M. L. Crump. 2002. Frogs and a cloud-forest edge in Ecuador. Conservation Biology 16:735-744.
Vogt, R. C., and R. L. Hine. 1982. Evaluation of techniques for assessment of amphibian and reptile populations in Wisconsin. Pages 201-217 in J. N. J. Scott, editor. Herpetological Communities. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report, Washington, D. C.
Wahbe, T. R., F. L. Bunnell, and R. B. Bury. 2004. Terrestrial movements of juvenile and adult tailed frogs in relation to timber harvest in coastal British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34:2455-2466.
Webb, G. A. 1999. Effectiveness of pitfall/drift-fence systems for sampling small ground-dwelling lizards and frogs in southeastern Australian forests. Australian Zoologist 31:118-126.
Welsh, H. H., G. M. Fellers, and A. J. Lind. 2007. Amphibian populations in the terrestrial environment: is there evidence of declines of terrestrial forest amphibians in northwestern California? Journal of Herpetology 41:469-482.
Welsh Jr, H. H. 1990. Relictual amphibians and old-growth forests. Conservation Biology 4:309-319.
Willson, J. D., and M. E. Dorcas. 2003. Effects of habitat disturbance on stream salamanders: implications for buffer zones and watershed management. Conservation Biology 17:763-771.
Wyman, R. L. 1998. Experimental assessment of salamanders as predators of detrital food webs: effects on invertebrates, decomposition and the carbon cycle. Biodiversity and Conservation 7:641-650.
Zacharow, M., W. J. Barichivich, and J. C. K. Dodd. 2003. Using ground-placed PVC pipes to monitor hylid treefrogs: capture bias. Southeastern Naturalist 2:575-590.
李芬蘭,1986。盤古蟾蜍的行為研究。國立台灣師範大學生物學研究所碩士論文。
朱哲民,1996。台灣北部溪流蛙類群聚之研究。國立台灣師範大學生物研究所碩士論文。
呂勝由、孫正春、曾彥學。2001。蓮華池植物傳奇。自然保育季刊 35:28-42。
周文豪、李敏嘉、于宏燦。2002。臺灣中部亞熱帶山地森林地棲脊椎動物的群落結構-兼論攔截籬掉落桶研究法的應用。特有生物研究 4:1-11。
卓瓊玫。2002。霧社地區拉都希氏赤蛙的族群生態研究。國立台灣師範大學生物研究所碩士論文。
卓逸民、曾伶、莊智元、鄭任鈞。2005。陽明山國家公園不同地區蜘蛛多樣性之比較。國家公園學報 15:1-20。
侯文祥。2004。本土生物面天樹蛙保育觀點探討湖泊水岸邊坡設計合理化研究。國立臺灣大學水工試驗所。
徐敏益。2002。蓮華池地區蛙類聲音群聚之研究兼論兩生類三種監測方法的比較。國立彰化師範大學生物學系碩士論文。
張俊文。2005。台灣北部溪流蛙類資源分配與人為干擾對資源利用影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學生物研究所碩士論文。
張耀文。1989。面天樹蛙生殖行為之研究。國立台灣大學動物學研究所碩士論文。
溫華霞。2001。太魯閣國家公園布洛灣地區莫氏樹蛙(Rhacoporus moltrechti)生殖生態學研究。國立東華大學自然資源管理研究所碩士論文。
楊懿如、林曜松。1988。面天山區台北樹蛙築巢行為之研究。生物科學 31:15-25。
楊懿如、向高世、李鵬翔、李承恩。2005。臺灣兩棲動物野外調查手冊。行政院農業委員會林務局出版。
楊懿如、施心翊。2006。太魯閣國家公園砂卡礑溪及步道兩棲類生物多樣性。國家公園學報 16:101-112。
謝欣怡、袁孝維、王力平、丁宗蘇。2006。台灣中部溪頭地區天然林與人工林內之陸域脊椎動物多樣性。中華林業季刊 39:421-436。
關永才。1999。關刀溪森林生態系兩棲動物群聚之研究。林業研究季刊 21:33-40。
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 呂勝由、孫正春、曾彥學。2001。蓮華池植物傳奇。自然保育季刊 35:28-42。
2. 呂勝由、孫正春、曾彥學。2001。蓮華池植物傳奇。自然保育季刊 35:28-42。
3. 周文豪、李敏嘉、于宏燦。2002。臺灣中部亞熱帶山地森林地棲脊椎動物的群落結構-兼論攔截籬掉落桶研究法的應用。特有生物研究 4:1-11。
4. 周文豪、李敏嘉、于宏燦。2002。臺灣中部亞熱帶山地森林地棲脊椎動物的群落結構-兼論攔截籬掉落桶研究法的應用。特有生物研究 4:1-11。
5. 卓逸民、曾伶、莊智元、鄭任鈞。2005。陽明山國家公園不同地區蜘蛛多樣性之比較。國家公園學報 15:1-20。
6. 卓逸民、曾伶、莊智元、鄭任鈞。2005。陽明山國家公園不同地區蜘蛛多樣性之比較。國家公園學報 15:1-20。
7. 楊懿如、林曜松。1988。面天山區台北樹蛙築巢行為之研究。生物科學 31:15-25。
8. 楊懿如、林曜松。1988。面天山區台北樹蛙築巢行為之研究。生物科學 31:15-25。
9. 楊懿如、施心翊。2006。太魯閣國家公園砂卡礑溪及步道兩棲類生物多樣性。國家公園學報 16:101-112。
10. 楊懿如、施心翊。2006。太魯閣國家公園砂卡礑溪及步道兩棲類生物多樣性。國家公園學報 16:101-112。
11. 關永才。1999。關刀溪森林生態系兩棲動物群聚之研究。林業研究季刊 21:33-40。
12. 關永才。1999。關刀溪森林生態系兩棲動物群聚之研究。林業研究季刊 21:33-40。