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研究生:江子麟
研究生(外文):Jiang, tz lin
論文名稱:從社會網絡觀點與小世界現象探索臺灣高科技的創新網絡
論文名稱(外文):The study of innovation network in Taiwan high-tech based on social network perspective and small world phenomenon
指導教授:曾俊堯曾俊堯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tseny, Chin Yoa
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:創新網絡社會網絡小世界專利專利引用
外文關鍵詞:innovation networksocial networksmall worldpatentpatent citation
相關次數:
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本研究利用社會網絡觀點進行分析並輔以小世界現象的檢驗方式,針對臺灣高科技包含通訊(Telecommunications)、視聽技術(Audiovisual technology)與電腦技術(Computer technology)的創新網絡進行探討,以了解臺灣專利發明人在高科技專利技術上的引用行為與知識之間的傳遞情形,以及了解在網絡中的複雜現象。從社會網絡的網絡指標,了解創新網絡的中心性特徵。以及從專利引用與被引用、專利之間引用所表現出的知識關聯性,並以相對位置來了解發明人之間的引用關係,進而討論出臺灣高科技的創新網絡結構特性。研究發現臺灣高科技的創新網絡符合小世界現象,並從小世界的特徵瞭解專利發明人即使只有屬性相似的專利技術會互相引用,專利知識的傳遞還是有可能藉著某些具有捷徑效果的專利傳播出去。結果亦發現此創新網絡並無佔據重要地位的專利發明人,而有較多和外界無太多互動的的小團體,亦即有較多的強連結,弱連結卻不多。弱連結能聯繫不同的群體促進知識的傳遞,進而促進知識的創造。因此,加強臺灣高科技創新網絡弱連結的建立是目前應努力的方向。
This study attempts to use the concept of social networks to investigate the innovation network of the high technology in Taiwan, including Telecommunications, Audiovisual technology and Computer technology, and then test the results of innovation network fit it with. This study investigates Taiwan's high-tech patent invention between knowledge transferring in the network, and interprets the centrality of innovation network characteristics based on the social network indicators. As well as being quoted from the citation and cited patent, patent reference shown between knowledge relevance, and relative position to understand the invention of the relationship between the reference and then to discuss Taiwan's high-tech innovation network in the structural characteristics.
This study found that Taiwan's high-tech innovation network has small world phenomenon, and from an early age to comprehend the characteristics of the world even if the patented invention only attributes similar to each other patented technology used, the patented knowledge transfer it is possible to use certain shortcuts patent effects. The results also revealed that innovation network does not occupy an important place in the patent of inventors, and outside world without too much interaction between the small groups, which have more strong links, not many weak links. Weak link which contact the different groups promotes knowledge transfer, and knowledge creation. Therefore, the establishment of network of weak links in Taiwan's high-tech innovation should be future direction of development.
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 導論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 3
第三節 研究目的 5
第四節 研究範圍 6
第五節 論文架構6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 專利來源與性質 9
第二節 創新網絡 12
(一) 創新的定義 12
(二) 網絡 14
(三) 創新網絡 15
第三節 社會網絡16
(一) 社會網絡特徵及定義 18
(二) 社會網絡指標 19
(三) 社會網絡分析及相關研究 21
(四) 社會網絡與專利引用的關係 22
第四節 小世界 23
(一) 小世界現象 24
(二) W-S 模型 26
(三) 小世界與社會網絡的關係 29
第三章 研究設計 30
第一節 研究架構 30
第二節 研究對象與資料來源 31
第三節 研究方法 36
(一) 社會網絡觀點-中心性的驗証 37
(二) 專利引用次數比38
(三) 小世界分析方法 39
第四節 分析流程 42
第四章 實證分析與結果 44
第一節 初步專利分析 44
(一) 發明人歷年專利數44
(二) 各公司在三個產業技術領域的表現46
(三) 發明人專利引用關係 47
(四) 專利引用的引用次數比 53
第二節 創新網絡的關係-社會網絡分析結果 55
第三節 創新網絡的關係-小世界的檢證分析 78
第五章 結論與建議 82
第一節 結論82
(一) 臺灣高科技的網絡分析 82
(二) 臺灣高科技的創新網絡存在小世界現象 84
第二節 建議 85
參考文獻 88
一、中文文獻 88
二、英文文獻 88
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