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研究生:莊慧婷
論文名稱:社會關係對幼兒同理關懷行為之影響
論文名稱(外文):The impact of social relationship on children’s empathic concern behavior
指導教授:金瑞芝金瑞芝引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立教育大學
系所名稱:幼兒教育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:學前教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:同理心同理關懷社會關係
外文關鍵詞:empathyempathic concernsocial relationship
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本研究之主要目的在於探討社會關係對幼兒同理關懷行為之影響,並加入年齡、性別變項,以了解不同年齡與性別幼兒對待不同社會關係對象與關係品質的差異情形。本研究對象為台北市某國小、台北縣某安親班與幼稚園的國小一年級七歲兒童、幼稚園大班的六歲幼兒與小班的五歲幼兒,每個年齡層各取32名男女各半幼兒,共有96位幼兒作為研究對象,以個別訪談蒐集研究資料,並以SPSS 12.0版進行皮爾森積差相關、獨立二因子變異數分析、混合三因子變異數分析與多變量變異數分析進行統計考驗。本研究之主要研究發現:
一、不同年齡、性別幼兒對他人同理關懷行為總量上無顯著差異。幼兒在分享給他人平均的數量上超過了自己所得,且不受年齡、性別的影響。
二、關係品質對幼兒的同理關懷行為有顯著的影響。幼兒傾向分享較多的數量給關係品質好的對象,其次是陌生幼兒,而對關係品質不好者有著最低程度的分享。並且不因對方是手足、同儕或是陌生幼兒而有所不同。
三、不同年齡幼兒對待不同社會關係對象與關係品質有顯著差異。小一的兒童比起學齡前幼兒對正向關係品質對象有較顯著的付出;而小班幼兒在對待正向關係品質對象與陌生幼兒則無顯著差異。
本研究針對上述研究發現做出若干討論,並據以提出對未來研究者,以及父母、教育工作者之相關建議,希望對於幼兒同理關懷行為及未來研究能有所助益。
This study was aimed to investigate how children’s empathic concern behaviors differ across gender, age groups, as well as types and quality of social relationship. Specifically, how children across gender and ages engage in empathic concern behaviors diffened as reacting to the needs of peer, sibling, and unacquainted kid? How did the empathic concern behaviors differ as a function of the quality of relationship?
The subjects consisted of 96 children aged five, six, and seven with sixteen girls and sixteen boys in each group. Only were children with siblings recruited as participants. Children’s empathic concern behaviors were measured by their reactions to two hypothetical excerpts, in which children’s sibling, peer, and an unacquainted kid were in face of a difficult situation. The statistical analyses included Pearson product-moment correlation, two-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA, and MANOVA. The results were as the following:
1.No significant differences in empathic concern behaviors were noted due to differences in gender and age.
2.Children had more empathic concern behaviors to someone they like than to someone they dislike, no matter who was in need.
3.Seven-year-old children showed more empathic concern behaviors to someone they like. There were no differences in empathic concern behaviors for five-year old children as reacted to liked and unacquainted kids.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題 3
第三節 名詞解釋 3

第二章 文獻探討
第一節 同理關懷的行為表現 6
第二節 社會關係與關係品質對同理關懷行為的影響 18

第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究設計 25
第二節 研究工具的發展 27
第三節 正式資料蒐集 39
第四節 資料分析 45

第四章 研究結果 51

第五章
第一節 討論 62
第二節 建議 70

參考文獻 73
附錄 78
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1. 陳明珠(1998)。道德與同理心之實驗研究。公民訓育學報,7,375-393。
2. 陳明珠(1998)。道德與同理心之實驗研究。公民訓育學報,7,375-393。
3. 梁菁雯(2001)。影響幼兒人際關係的家庭因素與教養方式 -上-。幼教資訊,131,29-37。
4. 梁菁雯(2001)。影響幼兒人際關係的家庭因素與教養方式 -上-。幼教資訊,131,29-37。
5. 葉合倩(2007)。依附關係在國小階段對兒童人際關係之影響。 家庭教育雙月刊 ,8,93-105。
6. 葉合倩(2007)。依附關係在國小階段對兒童人際關係之影響。 家庭教育雙月刊 ,8,93-105。
7. 鄭芬蘭、黃曉苹、蔡峰雅、薛淑方、莊雪翎、陳美夙 (2003)。學前兒童對重要他人關懷行為之分析研究。醫護科技學刊,6(1)69-81。
8. 鄭芬蘭、黃曉苹、蔡峰雅、薛淑方、莊雪翎、陳美夙 (2003)。學前兒童對重要他人關懷行為之分析研究。醫護科技學刊,6(1)69-81。
9. 顏肇基、陳姣伶、張召雅、周育如、鍾志從 (2005)。幼兒利他分享之認知、情感與行為探討。家政教育學報,7,30-54。
10. 顏肇基、陳姣伶、張召雅、周育如、鍾志從 (2005)。幼兒利他分享之認知、情感與行為探討。家政教育學報,7,30-54。
11. 羅品欣、陳李綢 (2005) 。國小學童的家庭結構、親子互動關係、情緒智力與同儕互動關係之研究。教育心理學報,36(3), 221-240。
12. 羅品欣、陳李綢 (2005) 。國小學童的家庭結構、親子互動關係、情緒智力與同儕互動關係之研究。教育心理學報,36(3), 221-240。
 
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