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研究生:黃緒文
研究生(外文):Hsu-Wen Huang
論文名稱:次詞彙語意歧異性對中文雙字詞辨識歷程的影響
論文名稱(外文):The sublexical semantic ambiguity effect for reading CHinese disyllabic compounds
指導教授:曾志朗曾志朗引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ovid J. -L. Tzeng
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:神經科學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:語意岐異性同形意異詞多義詞分視野
外文關鍵詞:semantic ambiguityhomonymypolysemyvisual-half field
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許多中文單字都有不只一個意義,例如:花。因此對中文雙字詞而言,鄰項和目標詞可以具有相同字形且語意也相同(例如:花園及花店),但是鄰項和目標詞也有可能只有相同字形但是語意上卻不相同(例如:花園及花費)。本研究使用兩種指標來估計單字的意義個數並探討次詞彙語意的岐異性對雙字詞辨識歷程的影響。第一個指標是受試者主觀字義個數判斷的評分,另一個指標是依照中文詞彙網路,將字義進一步區分為不相關意義的個數以及相關意義的個數。根據主觀字義個數判斷的評分分數,並不能確認是有多個相關或是多個意義不相關的意義,因此無法得到預期的結果。當使用中文詞彙網路來估計字義數量時,研究結果發現兩種次詞彙語意岐異性對詞彙辨識的影響是不相同的。當組成字的字義是有多個不相同的意義時,每個意義都會有各自的表徵,因此字形到意義的對應就不是一對一的對應關係,因此會使得詞彙辨識較困難。然而,當組成字的字義是有多個相關的意義時,這些意義不會有不同的意義表徵而是共用一個核心意義表徵,因此對核心意義提供了較豐富的語意訊息,使得詞彙辨識較為容易。進一步,本研究也發現左右兩半腦對於次詞彙語意歧異的處理機制是不同的,左半腦會運用已經提供的字義訊息去預測即將出現的雙字詞,而右半腦處理的方式是先辨識出雙字詞並將雙字詞的意義和字義進行整合。
For Chinese compounds, neighbors could share either both orthographic forms and meanings (e.g. 花 /hua1/, flower in 花園 /hua1 yuan2/, flower garden and 花店 /hua1 dian4/, flower shop) or orthographic forms only (.e.g. 花/hua1/, flower in 花園 /hua1 yuan2/, flower garden versus花 /hua1/, spend in花費 /hua1 fei4/, expense). The goal of this dissertation is to investigate how the readers solve the sublexical semantic ambiguity of the first constituent character in reading a disyllabic compound by using the event-related potentials. Two types of index estimating for the number of meanings corresponding to a character were used. One is based on the subjective rating. And the other one is an objective index based on the Chinese WordNet corpus, in which the number of distinct meanings and the number of related senses of a character being used in a wide variety of contexts are classified by linguistics. The subjective rating for a character with more diverse meaning could stand for many distinct meanings or stands for many related senses, and they are not able to be clearly distinguished. This may be the reason that no morphemic size effect was observed on N400 for word. By using the Chinese WordNet, two types of semantic ambiguity could be dissociated. Disadvantage for multiple meanings suggests that unrelated meanings are represented as separate entries. For the characters that correspond to more than one meaning, a form-to-meaning inconsistency slows down the process of the morpheme. Advantage for related senses suggests that senses share a morphological root as single entry and more senses listed in a morphological root will form stronger semantic relatedness to facilitate the recognition of a morphological root. Further, the two hemispheres resolve the sublexical semantic ambiguity with different processing strategies. In particular, the left hemisphere seems to be oriented toward prediction and the use of top-down cues, whereas the right hemisphere seems to integrate new information in a more bottom-up fashion.
中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
Content iv
Chapter 1 Orthographic neighbors 1
Serial-search, Interactive-activation and activation-verification models 1
Cross-code consistency and response criteria 6
Neighborhood effects as consistency effects 9
Chapter 2 Processing of morphologically complex words 11
Models of Morphological decomposition 11
Compound word and constituent priming 13
Morphological family size 15
Chapter 3 Morphological processing in Chinese 17
Character frequency 17
Number of composed words 18
Neighborhood effects in Chinese disyllabic compounds 19
Sublexical semantic processing in Chinese 24
The morphological representations for Chinese words 25
The purpose and structure of this dissertation 27
EEG data acquisition and preprocessing 28
Chapter 4 Establish a database to estimate number of morphemes correspond to each character 30
Chapter 5 Experiment 1: Morphemic size effect 37
Materials and Methods 38
Results 39
Discussion 43
Chapter 6 Experiment 2: Morphemic size effect in two hemispheres 49
Materials and Methods 49
Results 51
Discussion 58
Chapter 7 Background of Experiment 3 62
Lexical ambiguity 62
Processing multiple meanings versus multiple senses 63
Chapter 8 Experiment 3: NOM and NOS 66
Materials and Methods 66
Results 68
Discussion 73
Chapter 9 Experiment 4: NOM x VF 76
Materials and Methods 76
Results 78
Discussion 82
Chapter 10 General discussion 85
General findings 85
Implications for the processing of compounds 88
References 93
Appendix 1 The complete set of material for Experiment 1— to be continued 104
The complete set of material for Experiment 1—continued 105
Appendix 2 The complete set of material for Experiment 2— to be continued 106
The complete set of material for Experiment 2—continued 107
Appendix 3 The complete set of material for Experiment 3 108
Appendix 4 The complete set of material for Experiment 4 109
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