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研究生:劉芳志
研究生(外文):Fang-Chih Liu
論文名稱:聽障者與聽人在文字記憶廣度與閱讀理解能力差異之探討
論文名稱(外文):Difference on word memory span and reading comprehension between Deaf and Hearung People
指導教授:陳敏生陳敏生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Min-sheng Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:聽障者文字記憶廣度閱讀理解
外文關鍵詞:deaf peopleword memory spanreading comprehension
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本研究透過視覺、聽覺/手語、視覺+聽覺/視覺+手語呈現方式,探討聽障者與聽人,其在短期記憶與閱讀理解能力之差異。
實驗一發現不同的呈現方式對於聽障者與聽人的記憶廣度都造成差異,聽障者記憶廣度都較聽人的記憶廣度低。聽障者以書寫回答的記憶廣度高於手語回答,而聽人在回答方式上無顯著差異。但聽人在呈現方式與回答方式有顯著的交互作用,在視覺呈現時以書寫回的記憶廣度較高,聽覺呈現時以口說回答的記憶廣度較高。實驗二發現聽障者的閱讀理解的正確率低於聽人,而不同的呈現方式對於聽障者與聽人的閱讀理解都造成差異。
Two experiments were conducted to examine the performance on word working memory and reading comprehension between deaf and hearing by manipulating input modalities. Input modalities contained visual, auditory and both channels for hearing subjects. On the other hand, the stimulus were presented by visual, sign and both for the deaf subjects.
The result of Exp.1 showed that deaf subjects’ performance was significantly lower than hearing ones on memory span task. Deaf subjects’ accuracy of recall by writing for deaf was superior to the one by sign. For the hearing subjects, there was no significant difference on memory span task between written recall and vocal recall. The result also demonstrated that the performance of reading comprehension for deaf subjects was inferior to the hearing ones. Mode of information acquisition may be a factor in deaf subject’s reading comprehension.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表 目錄 vi
圖 目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 3
1.3研究範圍及限制 4
1.4觀念性架構 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1聽障者的定義 6
2.2聽障者閱讀能力 7
2.3聽障者短期記憶 8
2.3.1聽障者之數字記憶廣度 8
2.3.2聽障者之文字記憶廣度 9
2.4記憶力與閱讀理解能力 10
第三章 研究方法 14
3.1實驗一 14
3.1.1實驗目的 14
3.1.2受試者 14
3.1.3實驗材料 15
3.1.4實驗設計 15
3.1.5刺激呈現方式 16
3.1.6作業內容 16
3.1.7實驗一結果 19
3.1.8實驗一討論 27
3.2實驗二 29
3.2.1實驗目的 29
3.2.2受試者 29
3.2.3實驗材料 29
3.2.4實驗設計 29
3.2.5刺激呈現方式 30
3.2.6作業內容 30
3.2.7結果 33
3.2.8實驗二討論 39
第四章 綜合討論與建議 40
參考文獻 43
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