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研究生:張智惟
研究生(外文):Jhih-wei Chang
論文名稱:含四級胺鹽側鏈共軛高分子電解質之合成及其在染料敏化太陽能電池的應用
論文名稱(外文):Synthesis and Photovoltaic Performances of a Series of Conjugated Polymer Electrolytes Containing Quaternary Ammonium Salt Based Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
指導教授:李榮和李榮和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rong-ho Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:高分子電解質染料敏化太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:polyelectrolytedye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC)
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本研究設計合成出二種側鏈含有四級胺鹽之高分子電解質( MPCF-E、MPCFO-E ),並應用於染料敏化太陽能電池。所設計合成之高分子電解質,乃是利用側鏈含有四級胺鹽之Carbazole單體與側鏈分別為烷鏈或乙氧烷鏈之Fluorene單體進行共聚合而成。於側鏈上導入具有碘離子的四級胺鹽,使之能夠發揮電子傳遞的特性,讓所合成之高分子電解質添加於聚氧乙烯 ( Polyethylene oxide;PEO ) 所形成之膠態電解質中,使電池壽命增加,更有效改善染料敏化太陽能電池的光電轉換效率。以二氧化鈦為光電極,N719 染料為光敏化層,將所合成之高分子電解質添加於PEO所形成之膠態電解質,製備具有不同高分子電解質之染料敏化太陽能電池。經由電流-電壓曲線圖與阻抗頻譜之量測,得知當添加 0.5wt% 高分子電解質,能提升短路電流密度,並使阻抗值下降。結果顯示,所製備之高分子電解質 MPCFO-E 所量測之光電轉換效 (η) 為1.17 %,開環電壓 (Voc) 為0.55V、短路電流 ( Jsc ) 為4.97 mA/cm2、填充因子 ( FF) 為0.43。穩定性方面,當添加高分子電解質MPCF-E與MPCFO-E時,在通電照光18小時後可得最高的短路電流值分別為 5.19 mA/cm2、6.67 mA/cm2 與效率值分別為 1.21%、1.26%。
In this study, two quaternary ammonium iodide containing conjugated polyelectrolytes (MPCF-E, MPCFO-E) were synthesized and developed for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) application. The conjugated polyelectrolytes MPCF-E and MPCFO-E were synthesized via copolymerizating of quaternary ammonium iodide containing carbazole monomers with the n-alkyl chain or ethoxycarbonyl containing fluorene monomer, respectivity. Two conjugated polymer electrolytes were incoporated into the PEO based gel-type electrolytes for the enhancement of the ionic conductivity. The N719 dye based DSSCs were fabricated from these conjugated polymer electrolytes based gel-type electrolytes. The maximum overall conversion efficiency of 1.17%, open circuit voltage of 0.55V, short-circuit current of 4.97 mA/cm2, fill factor of 0.43. were observed for the DSSC based on 0.5 wt. % MPCFO-E doped PEO gel electrolyte. Better stability was observed for the MPCFO-E doped PEO electrolyte based DSSC as compared to the PEO based electrolyte based DSSC.
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT III
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 太陽能電池簡介 4
1-2-1 太陽能電池種類 5
1-2-2 有機太陽能電池 9
1-3 染料敏化太陽能電池工作原理 12
第二章 文獻回顧 16
2-1 光敏化染料 16
2-2 電解質 20
2-2-1 液態電解質 20
2-2-2 凝固態電解質 26
2-2-3 固態電解質 29
2-3 研究動機 32
第三章 實驗 34
3-1 化學藥品 34
3-2 溶劑前處理 36
3-3 高分子電解質 37
3-3-1 單體之合成 37
3-3-2 高分子電解質之合成 39
3-4 基本物性檢測所需之儀器 45
3-5 元件製作與其光伏特性量測所需之儀器 48
3-6 染料敏化太陽能電池元件製作 49
第四章 結果討論 50
4-1 高分子電解質之結構鑑定 50
4-2 高分子材料分子量與分子量分佈 52
4-3 高分子材料與高分子電解質之溶解性探討 53
4-4 高分子材料與高分子電解質熱性質分析 55
4-5 高分子材料與高分子電解質之光學性質分析 57
4-6 高分子電解質之離子導電度與黏度分析 59
4-7 高分子電解質光伏特性分析 62
4-8 染料敏化太陽能電池之交流阻抗分析 68
4-9 元件穩定性探討 76
第五章 結論 77
參考文獻 78
附錄 84
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