(3.236.222.124) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/13 19:37
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:劉威萱
研究生(外文):Wei-xian Liu
論文名稱:鋁合金與異質金屬硬銲接合研究
論文名稱(外文):Brazing of Aluminum Alloy to dissimilar Metals
指導教授:張世穎張世穎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-ying Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:材料科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:不鏽鋼鋁合金硬銲接合
外文關鍵詞:Stainless steelBrazingAluminumCopper
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:451
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究開發低熔點之Al-9.6Si-20Cu、Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge、Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm、Al-9.6Si-10Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm及Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm 鋁合金硬銲填料,並應用於6061鋁合金與SUS304不鏽鋼以及6061鋁合金與銅接合。經由熱差分析(DTA)獲得各填料合金之固、液相線溫度。為探討合金填料接合6061鋁合金與SUS304不鏽鋼及6061鋁合金與銅之接合界面反應特性以及獲取最佳接合參數,實驗亦在560℃及530℃接合溫度下之不同持溫時間的接合件進行剪力強度、微硬度以及界面金相顯微組織分析。接合界面微硬度分析結果,可發現在接合界面上因介金屬化合物生成,而具有非常高的硬度值。經金相顯微組織觀察,配合電子微探針分析儀(EPMA)進行成分分析,獲得不鏽鋼與鋁硬銲填料在界面上生成FeSiAl5等介金屬化合物,因合金填料與不鏽鋼界面上所生成的脆性介金屬化合物,使得在剪力強度分析時,破斷均發生在合金填料與不鏽鋼界面上。利用Al-9.6Si-20Cu合金填料在高純度氬氣氣氛保護下,於560℃的溫度對6061鋁合金與SUS304不鏽鋼接合,可獲得最佳接合剪力強度44.7MPa。以Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge及Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm合金填料接合6061鋁合金與不鏽鋼,其平均剪力強度可達到30MPa以上。在6061鋁合金與銅接合方面,在填料合金與銅界面形成有AlCu及Al2Cu介金屬相。6061鋁合金與銅之接合結果發現含有Zn之Al-9.6Si-10Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm及Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm合金填料接合效果不及含Ge之Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge及Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm合金填料。以Al-9.6Si-10Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm及 Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm合金填料接合6061鋁合金與銅之剪力強度分別為23及16MPa;而以Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge合金填料接合之剪力強度在不同持溫時間10、30及60分鐘分別可達24.8、39.4及28.4MPa。以Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm填料合金接合6061鋁合金與銅其剪力強度10、30及60分鐘分別達23.9、44.3及30MPa,顯示添加稀土元素可有效提升接合強度。
Low melting point brazing filler metals were developed and applied to joining 6061 aluminum alloy with 304 stainless steel or copper in this study. By way of differential thermal analysis (DTA), the melting (liquidius and solidius) temperatures were determined. Brazing of 6061 aluminum alloy to the dissimilar metals was carried out with the low melting point filler metals at 560℃ and 530℃ for 10, 30 and 60 minutes. The effects of brazing duration and filler metals on the joint reliability were investigated by measure the joint shear strengths as well as characterizing the interfacial microstructures and microhardness. The results indicated the FeSiAl5 intermetallic compound was found between filler metals and 304 stainless steel and that leads to the fracture on this region during shear testing. Joint strength of the 6061 aluminum alloy and 304 stainless steel brazed with Al-9.6Si-20Cu filler metal at 560℃ under high pure argon atmosphere was 44.7MPa. The average bonding shear strengths of the 6061 aluminum alloy / 304 stainless steel joints brazed with Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge and Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm were above 30 MPa. After brazing of 6061 aluminum and copper, AlCu and AlCu2 were found between filler metals and copper. Brazing with filler alloys Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge and Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm, the shear strengths of the brazed joints of 6061 aluminum and copper were higher than the joints with Al-9.6Si-10Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm and Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm filler metals. The bonding shear strength of the 6061 aluminum alloy and copper brazed with Al-9.6Si-10Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm and Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Zn-0.1Mm filler metals were 23 and 16 MPa, respectively. Brazing with Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge filler alloy, the shear strength of the joints for 10, 30 and 60 minutes brazing were 24.8, 39.4 and 28.4 MPa, respectively. Brazing with Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm filler alloy, the shear strength of the joints for 10, 30 and 60 minutes brazing were 23.9, 44.3 and 30 MPa, respectively. The result indicated that the filler metal containing rare earth elements can increase the bonding shear strengths.
中文摘要
英文摘要
致謝
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
第一章 緒論
1.1研究背景
1.2研究目的
第二章 理論與文獻回顧
2.1銲接介紹
2.2鋁及鋁合金之硬銲性
2.3低溫鋁合金硬銲填料
2.4稀土元素及其應用
2.5含稀土元素之鋁合金硬銲填料
第三章 實驗步驟與方法
3.1 實驗材料
3.1.1 6061鋁合金
3.1.2 C11000純銅
3.1.3 SUS304不鏽鋼
3.1.4鋁合金硬銲填料
3.2實驗過程
3.3熱分析試驗
3.4硬銲接合試驗
3.5硬銲接合剪力強度試驗
3.6金相顯微組織與合金成分分析
3.7接合界面微硬度試驗
第四章 實驗結果與討論
4.1填料合金微結構及X-Ray分析
4.2 Al-9.6Si-20Cu填料合金接合6061鋁合金與SUS304不鏽鋼
4.3 Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge填料合金接合6061鋁合金與SUS304不鏽鋼
4.4 Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm填料合金接合6061鋁合金與SUS304
不鏽鋼
4.5 Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge填料合金接合6061鋁合金與C11000純銅…
4.6 Al-8.4Si-20Cu-10Ge-0.1Mm填料合金接合6061鋁合金與C11000
純銅
4.7 Al-Si-Cu合金中添加Zn元素及微量稀土元素元素接合6061鋁合
金與C11000純銅
第五章 結論
參考文獻
【1】賴致全,“太陽能車晶片系統設計與檢測之探討”, 南台科技大學機械工程研究所論文, 2008.
【2】W.S. Miller, L. Zhuang, J. Bottema, A.J. Wittebrood, P. De Smet,“Recent development in aluminum alloys for the automotive industry”, Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 208, 2000, pp. 37-49.
【3】周繼爭, 李炳泉,“汽車鋁散熱器的發展趨勢”, 汽車與配件, 2003.
【4】陳其海, 曹立榮, 胡駿, 沈紅,“一種新型鋁銅複合散熱器的製造”, 電子工藝技術, 2003, 3月, 第24卷, 第2期.
【5】D.D.L. Chung, “Thermal Interface Materials”,Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2001, pp. 56-59.
【6】R . Viswanath, V . Wakharkar, A . Watwe, and V . Lebonheur, “Thermal performance Challenge from Silicon to Systems”, Intel Technology Journal, Q3, Vol. 3, 2000, pp. 1 – 16 .
【7】L. Peng, L. Yajiang, W. Juan, G. Jishi, “Vacuum brazing technology and microstructure near the interface of Al/18-8 stainless steel”, Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 38, 2003, pp. 1493-1499.
【8】B.M. Roulin, J.W. Luster, G. Karadeniz and A. Mortensen, “Strength and Structure of Furnance-Brazed Joints between Aluminum and Stainless Steel”, Welding Research, Vol. 5, 1999, pp. 151s-155s.
【9】M. Potesser, T. Schoeberl, H. Antrekowitsch and J. Bruckner, “The Characterization of the Intermetallic Fe-Al Layer of Steel-Aluminum Weldings”, The Minerals, Metals& Materials Society, 2006, pp. 167-176.

【10】T. Masui, M. Ito, “The research on the Ultrasonic Joining of Aluminum and Steel”, 電子電機情報
【11】T. Masui, M. Ito, “The research on the Ultrasonic Joining of Aluminum and Steel using Intermediate Material”, 機械情報,
【12】Y. Akihide, Y. Koichi, “Outlook Application Technologies Supporting Weight Reduction of Automobile by Using High Strength Steel Sheets”, JFE技報, Vol. 6, 2007, pp. 6-11.
【13】M. Abbasi, A.K. Taheri, M.T. Salehi, “Growth rate of intermetallic compounds in Al/Cu bimetal produced by cold roll welding process”,Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 319, 2001, pp. 233-241.
【14】T.L. Su, S.S. Wang, L.C. Taso, S.Y. Chang, T.H. Chuang, and M.S. Yeh, “Corrosion Behaviors of Al-Si-Cu-Based Filler Metals and 6061-T6 Brazements”, Journal of Material Engineering and Performance, Vol. 4, 2002, pp.187-193.
【15】張雙喜, 王軍英, 王延東, 牟靈泉, 楚廳明,“ 銅鋁複合柱翼型散熱器組焊工藝技術”, 暖通空調, 2003, 第33卷, 第4期.
【16】胡剛, 康慧, “鋁合金真空釬焊的發展”,Welding Technology, Vol. 4, 2001,
【17】馬海軍, 李亞江, 王娟, “Al/Cu 異種有色金屬的真空釬焊工藝”,工藝與新技術, 2, 2007, 第36卷, 第1期.
【18】C. Xia, Y. Li, U.A. Puchkov, S.A. Gerasimov, J. Wang, “Microstructure and phase constitution near the interface of Cu/Al vacuum brazing using Al-Si filler metal”, Surface Engineering, Surface Instrumentation & Vacuum Technology, Vol. 82, 2008, pp. 799-804
【19】S. Liu, A. Suzumura, T-T. Ikeshoji, and T. Yamazaki, “Brazing of Stainless Steel to Various Aluminum Alloys in Air”, JSME International Journal, 48, 4, 2005, pp. 420-450.
【20】D. M. Jacobson, G. Humposton, and S. P. S. Ssngha, “A New Low-Melting-Point Aluminum Braze”, Welding Research Supplement, Vol. 8, 1996, pp. 243-250.
【21】Y. Suoyama, “Brazing of Aluminum Alloys”, Welding International, 1989, pp. 700-710.

【22】Y. Shi. Y. Yu, Y. Yapeng, Z. Xia, Y. Lei, X. Li, and F. Guo, “Study on the Microstructure and Wettability of an Al-Cu-Si Braze Containing Small Amounts of Rare Earth Erbium”,Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 4, 2009, pp. 278-281.
【23】S.S. Wang, M.D. Cheng, L.C. Taso, T.H. Cuang,“Corrosion behavior of Al-Si-Cu-(Sn,Zn) brazing filler metals”,Materials Characterization, Vol. 47, 2001, pp. 401-409.
【24】L.C. Taso, W.P. Weng, M.D. Cheng, C.W. Taso, and T.H. Chuang,“Brazeability of a 3003 Aluminum Alloy With Al-Si-Cu-Based Filler Metals”,Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 8, 2001, pp. 360-363.
【25】姜志華, “鋁合金電弧銲接及硬銲應用技術”, pp. 245-246.
【26】T.H. Chuang, M.S. Yeh, L.C. Tsao, T.C. Tsai, and C.S. Wu, “Development of a Low-Melting-Point Filler Metal for Brazing Aluminum Alloy”,Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 2239-2245.
【27】張福禮、李曉延、王志升、劉海霞, “新型Al-Si-Cu-Ge系釬料研究”, 電子工藝技術, 2005, 第26卷, 第2期, pp. 68-70.
【28】L.C. Tsao, M.J. Chiang, W.H. Lin, M.D. Cheng, T.H. Chuang, “Effects of zinc additions on the microstructure and melting temperature of Al-Si-Cu filler metals”,Materials Characterization, Vol. 48, 2002, pp. 341-346.
【29】S. Wang, H. Zhou, Y. Kang, “The influence of rare earth elements on microstructure and properties of 6061 aluminum alloy vacuum-brazed joint”,Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 352, 2003, pp. 79-83.
【30】李宗穎,“低溫鋁合金硬銲填料開發及其應用於鋁合金接合研究”, 國立雲林科技大學機械工程系碩士論文, 2008.
【31】H. M. Kagaya, K. Imazawa, et al. “Phase Diagrams of Al-Si and Al-Ge Systems” Physica B, 1998, 第245卷, 第3期, pp. 252-255.
【32】劉淑淇, 孫國平, 張啟運. “Al-Si-Ge三元合金相圖研究”金屬學報, 1982, 第18卷, 第4期, pp.451-455.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔