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研究生:洪明輝
研究生(外文):Ming-Huei Hong
論文名稱:電流幫浦快速充電器
論文名稱(外文):Current Pump of Fast Li-ion Battery Charger
指導教授:陳育鑽
指導教授(外文):Roger Yubtzuan Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電子與資訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:鎖相迴路.充電器
外文關鍵詞:PLL.Charger
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隨著科技的日新月異,電池儼然已成了行動裝置不可或缺的主要電力來源,而其中可重覆充電的二次電池(又稱蓄電池)成長速度最快。一個好的二次電池,也需要配合好的充電器,這樣可以延長電池的使用壽命,本論文將以鎖相迴路為基本架構,製作一個充電器。此充電器會依著鎖相迴路的特性來判斷電池是否飽電。於一開始,VCO與基本輸入頻率因處於追頻狀態,PFD會給予較多的充電訊號,直至追相,會逐漸減少充電脈波及其寬度。而一個充電訊號所包涵的能量是脈波長度與電流大小的乘積,而一個電池的儲能密度,也會受到二者的影響。於此考量下,本論文利用五段不同的充電電流,將使PFD較長時間控制於追頻,並利用較高的充電流來達到快速充電,而後段利用較小的電流使整個迴路能增加充電密度。
With the advance of information technology, battery is playing an indispensable role for mobile devices. A good rechargeable battery needs a good battery charger to extend the battery’s life. We employ a phase-locked loop as the basic framework to implement a battery charger. Initially, the PLL is in a acquisition phase, and the PFD will more charge signals. After, the charger will reduce the charge pulse wave and the width gradually. The charge signals depend on the product of pulse width and current size. A battery''s energy density is also affected by these two factors. Our charger uses five segment of charging currents. The charger first uses a larger current to achieve the rapid charge rate, and later a smaller current to achieve the battery’s energy density.
目 錄
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌 謝 III
目 錄 IV
圖 目 錄 VII
表 目 錄 X
第一章:緒論 1
1.1研究背景(BACKGROUND) 1
1.2研究動機(MOTIVATION) 2
1.3論文架構 (ARCHITECTURE) 2
第二章:電池介紹 3
2.1電池概論 4
2.1.1生物電池: 5
2.1.2物理電池: 5
2.1.3化學電池: 5
2.2二次電池 6
2.2.1鉛酸電池: 6
2.2.2鎳鎘電池: 7
2.2.3鎳氫電池: 7
2.2.4鋰離子電池: 7
2.3電池性能的表示方式 8
2.3.1額定電壓 8
2.3.2額定容量 8
2.3.3能量密度 8
2.3.4 自放電率 9
2.3.5內電阻 9
2.4各式充電方式 9
2.4.1 定電壓充電法 10
2.4.2 定電流充電法 10
2.4.3 定電流/定電壓混合式充電法 10
2.4.4 脈衝式充電法 10
2.4.5 Rexflex充電法 11
第三章:鎖相迴路概要與數學模型 13
3.1鎖相迴路簡介 13
3.2鎖相迴路架構 13
3.3相位頻率檢測器 (PHASE/FREQUENCY DETECTOR, PFD): 15
3.3.1相位頻率檢測器概論: 15
3.3.2相位頻率檢知器設計考量 18
3.4充電幫浦(CHARGE PUMP,CP): 20
3.4.1充電幫浦原理 20
3.4.2充電幫浦浦設計考量 21
3.5電壓控制振盪器(VOLTAGE CONTROL OSCILLATOR,VCO) 22
3.5.1電壓控制振盪器原理 22
3.5.2電壓控制振盪器設計考量 24
3.6 除頻器(FREQUENCE DIVIDER) 28
3.7迴路濾波器(LOOP FILTER) 28
3.8鎖相迴路數學模型 31
3.9利用MATLAB模擬鎖相迴路模型 38
第四章:電流幫浦充電器 43
4.1基礎電流幫浦充電器簡介 43
4.2實際電路量測 44
4.3量測結果 47
第五章:快速充電系統 49
5.1相位頻率檢測器 (PHASE/FREQUENCY DETECTOR, PFD): 50
5.2快速充電迴路(FAST CHARGE CIRCUIT) 52
5.2.1電流幫浦(Charge Pump,CP) 53
5.2.2電壓放大器(Voltage Amplify,VA) 54
5.2.3比較電路(Compare) 55
5.2.4電壓參考電路(Voltage Reference) 58
5.2.5電流控制(Current Control,CC) 59
5.3電壓控制振盪器(VOLTAGE CONTROLED OSCILLATOR) 62
第六章:整體電路的模擬與怖局 67
6.1 PFD模擬結果 67
6.2快速充電迴路 69
6.2.1電流幫浦 69
6.2.2電壓放大器 70
6.2.3比較電路 73
6.2.4電流控制器 73
6.2.5快速充電系統 74
6.3 電壓控制振盪器 77
6.4電流幫浦快速充電器 78
6.5 LAYOUT電路圖 79
第七章:結論 80
參考文獻(REFERENCE) 81
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