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研究生:周秀盈
研究生(外文):Siou-Ying Jhou
論文名稱:以機制設計觀點分析供應鏈組織間機制、關係治理對價值創造之研究-激勵機制、信任機制
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Inter-organizational Mechanism on Relational Governance, Value Creation in Supply Chain: A Mechanism Design Theory Perspective Considering Motivational, Trust Mechanisms
指導教授:陳昭宏陳昭宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jhao-Hong Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系碩士班
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:結構方程式模型供應鏈彈性供應鏈創新激勵機制機制設計理論信任機制關係治理價值創造關係效能
外文關鍵詞:Supply Chain FlexibilityStructural Equation ModelMotivation MechanismMechanism Design TheoryRelationship EffectiveSupply Chain InnovationTrust MechanismRelational Governance
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由於供應鏈各公司的目標與策略上的不同,以及對於績效的價值結果認知差異,因此,各自會經由評估做出利己的決定,導致供應鏈組織無法有效的創造價值。就機制設計理論的觀點,其目的在於如何在利己行為態度下安排供應鏈內各組織都可接受的經濟互動行為,恰可為上述問題提出因應之道。因此,如何以機制設計觀點,改善供應鏈組織間的治理關係,提昇整體供應鏈間的價值創造,已成為現階段相當重要的課題之一。
檢視過去分析供應鏈組織間關係的相關文獻,大多著重於以成本與效率、資源論、及租之分析觀點,甚少分析供應鏈組織間的互動機制所帶來的價值與影響。本研究藉由機制設計理論的觀點,具體說明在供應鏈組織間彼此的交易過程中涉及的機制,強化我們對供應鏈運作機制的理解。亦即利用激勵機制與信任機制,進而透過組織與合作夥伴之間關係治理,來提升組織價值創造的能力。因此,實有必要以機制設計觀點,整合關係導向的關係治理及價值創造績效提出具理論基礎的觀念架構。
實證分析係針對台灣前2000大製造業之廠商為研究主體,並以製造商與合作夥伴為研究單位,而將填答對象設定為與合作夥伴有相關業務往來之單位主管、採購主管或對供應鏈有相關經驗之單位主管填寫。本研究採用郵寄方式進行問卷調查,經催收與整理後,共得有效問卷256份,有效問卷回收率達12.8%。應用結構方程式模型實證的結果顯示,本研究的衡量模型與結構模型皆具備良好的配適度,模型中共7條假說,在p<0.05下,共有6條假說獲得支持。結果顯示,當供應鏈組織間具有良好的激勵機制與信任機制,能夠提高彼此的互動關係,並提升合作夥伴對組織的認同與支持;同時,藉由組織與合作夥伴間長期且密切的關係治理,亦能強化組織間關係效能、供應鏈創新與供應鏈彈性的能力。
綜合而言,本研究首先以機制設計觀點,實證出供應鏈間激勵機制、信任機制對關係治理因素的影響,且透過關係治理因素更能提升組織間的價值創造。應更能正確且完整的說明供應鏈組織間機制設計、關係治理與價值創造等關鍵因素的理論架構,俾以作為後續從事供應鏈組織合作的研究者和實務界之參考。
As the firm has his own goal, strategy, and difference value of performance in supply chain, a firm will be made a self-interest decision, resulting in the inter-organizations can not create higher value in supply chain. From mechanism design theory perspective, the purpose is to deploy economic interaction that can be accepted by each firm in the supply chain under the firm’s self-interest attitude and intent, which can solve the issue we mention above. As the result, it is necessary to use the mechanism design view to improve the relational governance and to enhance the relationship effective, supply chain innovation and supply chain flexibility in the supply chain management. It also has become a very important issue at this current.
To survey the prior researches highlighted in inter-organizational in supply chain, we found that most literatures are focused on the view of cost and efficiency, resource theory, or rent to view, but few studies to analyze the supply chain value affect by inter-organizational interaction mechanism. This study, which adopting the mechanism design perspective, specifically explains the mechanism and value creation in transaction process in the supply chain. Therefore, there are necessary to build the theoretical model basing mechanism design perspective to integrate the relational governance, relationship effective, supply chain innovation, and supply chain flexibility.
The empirical study aims at top 2000 manufactory enterprises selected from the directories of the 2008 Chinese Credit top 2000 firms in Taiwan. The research units are manufacturers and partnerships, and two mailings of the questionnaire were distributed to the senior mangers, purchasing managers or experienced managers. Raising the total response to 256, this produced a final response rate of 12.8%. After using structural equation model (SEM) to analyze returned questionnaires, the results show fine goodness of fit in measuring model and structural model. In addition, 6 hypotheses are supported in p-value<0.05. Adopting the mechanism design perspective, this study found how relational governance can create value (i.e., relationship effective, supply chain innovation and supply chain flexibility) in the supply chain context. The findings show that both motivation mechanism and trust mechanism benefit relational governance. Those results also support direct effects of relational governance on relationship effective, supply chain innovation and supply chain flexibility.
In conclusion, the theoretical framework model concerning the influence of the degree of mechanism design and relational governance shall be measured more accurately by improving the value creation in supply chain model. We hope this research will contribute to further studies and provide some suggestions for implementing management of the collaboration between supply chains.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
一、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究方法 3
1.4 研究範圍與限制 4
1.5 研究流程 5
1.6 章節架構 6
二、文獻回顧 7
2.1機制設計理論之概念與內涵 7
2.1.1賽局理論 7
2.1.2 機制設計理論 10
2.1.3小結 14
2.2 供應鏈組織間的機制設計概念與意涵 15
2.2.1 激勵機制 15
2.2.2 信任機制 18
2.2.3 小結 23
2.3 關係治理 25
2.3.1 治理之概述 25
2.3.2 關係治理之概述 26
2.3.3 關係治理類型 27
2.3.4 小結 28
2.4 供應鏈價值創造 29
2.4.1 關係效能 29
2.4.2 供應鏈創新 30
2.4.3 供應鏈彈性 31
2.4.4 小結 32
2.5 結構方程式模式 33
三、研究設計 37
3.1 觀念性架構 37
3.2 研究假說 39
3.3 衡量變數定義 41
3.4 結構方程模型 43
3.5 抽樣方法與問卷設計 47
四、實證分析 48
4.1 樣本基本資料分析 48
4.2 衡量模型之評估 52
4.3 結構模型之評估 55
4.4 研究假說分析 59
五、結論與建議 61
5.1 結論 61
5.2 建議 64
參考文獻 65
附錄一 71
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