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研究生:蘇怡禎
研究生(外文):I-Chen Su
論文名稱:應用形態學於點對點等比例縮放影像之方法
論文名稱(外文):Apply Morphology to Pixel-by-pixel Proportionate Static Binary-Image Enlargement
指導教授:江行全江行全引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:形態學邊緣追蹤法邊緣偵測轉角點偵測真圓度影像縮放
外文關鍵詞:Morphologyboundary followingboundary detectioncorner detectionroundnessimage enlargement
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影像放大是數位影像處理中常用到的功能,因此本研究透過改良影像處理的形態學(Morphology),將靜態影像(static image enlargement)點對點(Pixel by pixel)等比例放大。
傳統上,膨脹(Dilation)、侵蝕(Erosion)影像後,往往會喪失轉角點資訊,本研究針對不同角度、不同方向之轉角點自動給予轉角點不同大小之遮罩,透過形態學(Morphology)縮放影像後仍能保持邊角資訊,將二值影像(Binary image) 點對點(Pixel by pixel)等比例縮放。第一部份將原始影像透過Otsu強化,第二部份邊緣偵測部份採用邊緣追蹤法(Boundary following)偵測脹縮後影像及原始影像之邊緣,第三部份則透過物件輪廓點估算每一個邊緣點之真圓度(Roundness),將真圓度與閥值比較以偵測轉角點,並計算轉角點之角度與方向,第四部份是本研究重點,進行轉角點修補,透過膨脹後之邊緣計算轉角點所需之遮罩大小,紀錄二值化後之原始影像轉角點資訊自動針對脹縮後影像之轉角點進行補角。
本研究目前針對銳角轉角點間距80度至10度進行程式敏感度測試,當於轉角點間距大於30度之測試影像能有效修補不同方向之轉角點放大率為100%。
Image erosion and dilation are common functions in digital image processing. This study aims to improve the morphology quality by pixel-by-pixel processing for an image enlargement or reduction.
Traditionally, an image tends to lose its preciseness after applying morphology. This study automatically supplies masks of various sizes to the corners of different angles and orientations; image enlargement/reduction through morphology will then be able to retain its corner information and to enlarge/reduce the gray-level image pixel-by-pixel. The first phase involves in binarizing an image using the Otsu method, while the second phase utilizes the boundary following technique to detect the boundaries of the dilated image and the original image. The third phase estimates the roundness of each edge point via the contour points of the object; the roundness and threshold are then compared in order to detect the corner points and calculate their angle and orientation. The fourth phase is crucial to this research; using corner point inpainting, the dimension of the mask required by each corner point is calculated through the dilation/erosion of the image boundary. The corner point information of the original image is binarized and recorded, then inpainting is performed to the corner points of the enlarged/reduced image.
摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 4
1.3 研究方法簡介 5
1.4 研究範圍 6
1.5 研究架構 6
第二章 文獻探討 7
2.1 傳統影像放大方法 7
2.1.1 膨脹(Dilation) 7
2.1.2 侵蝕(Erosion) 8
2.2 目前影像放大方法 9
2.2.1向量式影像 10
2.2.1.1 影像向量化 11
2.2.2 點陣式影像 12
2.2.2.1最近鄰近內插法(Nearest Neighbor interpolation) 13
2.2.2.2 線性內插法(Linear interpolation) 14
2.2.2.3 雙線性內插法(Bilinear interpolation) 15
2.2.2.4 雙立方內插法(Bi-cubic Spline interpolation) 16
2.2.3 MIE內插法 17
2.3 本論文考量的做法 18
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1 Binary Image(影像強化) 24
3.2 影像邊緣偵測(Edge detection) 25
3.2.1 邊緣追蹤法(Boundary following) 26
3.3 偵測物件之轉角點 (Corner detection) 27
3.3.1 透過真圓度計算偵測轉角點 28
3.3.2 計算轉角點之方向及角度 33
3.4 影像縮放 38
3.4.1 非轉角點 38
3.4.2 轉角點修補 40
第四章 實驗結果 50
4.1 極限測試 50
圖4.1(a)為轉角點與轉角點間,以角度表示間距之示例圖,圖4.1(b)為圖4.1(a)之局部放大圖,本章節將透過轉角點間之角度間距,80度至10度之多邊形星形影像進行極限測試。 50
4.2 實驗結果 59
第五章 結論 65
參考文獻 66
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