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研究生:梁馨文
研究生(外文):Hsin-Wen Liang
論文名稱:技術體制與技術變遷之研究-以WiMAX與LTE為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Technological Regime and Technological Change-Case Studies of WiMAX and LTE
指導教授:何建德何建德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Te Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:技術體制技術變遷WiMAXLTE個案研究法
外文關鍵詞:Technological regimeTechnological changeWiMAXLTECase study
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科技改變了人類歷史演進與發展,小至個人生活型態、企業策略、大至國家建設與發展,皆享受到科技所帶來的便利與進步。當科技變遷時,既有社群與社會原有的價值觀與信仰將受到影響,除了相關科技知識的演進,社會、經濟與政治環境都將會影響技術變遷的演化結果。因此,廠商該如何透過系統化的參考機制,評估技術變遷的影響,即時擬定因應策略,已成為管理重要議題。
藉由相關文獻學術發展時間表的整理,以及學派的區分,有助於了解過去學術關注議題的演進。根據文獻的研究基礎,本研究提供一個研究架構,去檢驗技術變遷與技術體制之間的因果關係,架構涵蓋三項理論命題,包含科學典範的改變,將影響技術的使用,以及技術與技術體制將產生交互作用與影響,另外,技術體制的構面,將扮演決定演化結果的關鍵角色。
本研究結合歷史資料研究與個案研究法,做為基本研究策略。針對正在發展與演化結果尚未明朗的特性,選擇WiMAX 與LTE無線通訊技術做為個案研究對象。以劃分歷史關鍵時間點,並發展描述個案分析的方式,分別檢驗研究架構與理論命題。
研究結果呈現,技術變遷與技術體制為動態與相互影響的關係。科技社群的成員、信仰、其所面臨的問題,皆會受到當時環境與競爭者的策略影響,進而改變策略與解決方案。除此之外,不同技術體制構面,其重要性也將隨著環境改變而增減,扮演關鍵性決定因子,影響技術演化結果與廠商生存;最後,評估技術體制的關鍵構面重要性,提出未來五年的情境預測。本研究之理論架構與技術體制構面,可為管理者面臨技術變遷之際,系統化的決策工具。
Technology changes affect the rules and beliefs that have been well accepted by a community or society. When market and product uncertainties are high, not only technological knowledge but the social, economic and political environment will determine the evolution result of technological change. Therefore, how firms react for the change has become a critical managerial issue for firms’ survival.
By scheduling the timeline of academic research development and dividing past related literatures into six schools, it helps to understand the evolution of academic research. Moreover, the research develops conceptual framework to exam the causal relationship between technological change and technological regime. Three theoretical propositions implies that changes in scientific paradigm affect the usage of technology, and the technologies will interact with a specific environment as technological regime that determine the evolution result.
This research adopts history and case study as research method strategies. Cases of WiMAX and LTE are characterized in developing wireless technologies and the evolution result is ambiguous. It fits the research objectives and questions for empirically examine the theoretical propositions.
The empirical results indicate that the conceptual framework and theoretical propositions are sound. Changes in scientific paradigm influence usage of technologies. It will interact with technological regime that determines evolution result. The dimensions of technological regime and results of scenario planning can be the reference for mangers in practical.
Chinese Abstract i
English Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and motivation 1
1.2 Research objective 4
1.3 Research question 5
Chapter 2 Literature Review 6
2.1 Technological change 6
2.2 Types of innovation 7
2.2.1 Dynamic model of innovation 7
2.2.2 Schumpeterian patterns of innovation 9
2.2.3 Incremental and radical innovation 11
2.2.4 Abernathy-Clark model 12
2.2.5 Henderson-Clark model 13
2.2.6 Disruptive innovation model 14
2.3 Scientific and technological paradigm 17
2.4 Relationship among technological change, paradigm and regime 19
2.5 Technological regime 20
2.5.1 Research in technological regime development 21
2.6 Schools of technological regime 24
2.6.1 Technology Development (TD) 24
2.6.2 Technology-Society (TSo) 24
2.6.3 Industry-Organization (IO) 25
2.6.4 Schumpeterian patterns of innovative activities (SI) 29
2.6.5 Pavitt innovation patterns (PI) 31
2.6.6 Multi-level perspective-Transition (MT) 33
2.7 The relationship among technological regime and related dimensions 35
2.8 Technological regime dimensions analysis 37
Chapter 3 Research Design 40
3.1 Conceptual framework 40
3.1.1 Propositions of conceptual framework 40
3.1.2 Example of conceptual framework: Semiconductor development 46
3.2 Research questions 47
3.3 Research methodology 47
3.3.1 Research strategy selection 47
3.3.2 Case study approach 49
3.3.3 Research design of case study 53
3.3.4 Analysis techniques of case study 55
3.3.5 Criteria of measurement quality 56
Chapter 4 Case Analysis 58
4.1 Technology introduction 58
4.1.1 WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) 58
4.1.2 LTE (Long Term Evolution) 59
4.1.3 Influential organizations 61
4.2 Proposition analysis 62
4.2.1 June, 2004 (T1): Fixed WiMAX became a potential threat to LTE camp 65
4.2.2 December, 2005 (T2): Mobile WiMAX brought more threat to LTE camp 69
4.2.3 November, 2007 (T3): IMT-Advanced standard stimulated two camps to declare the war 74
4.2.4 September, 2008 (T4): Global financial tsunami benefited LTE camp 80
4.3 Scenario planning of WiMAX and LTE development 86
Chapter 5 Conclusion and suggestion 94
5.1 Conclusion 94
5.1.1 Theoretical finding 94
5.1.2 Case analysis 95
5.2 Suggestion 96
5.2.1 For WiMAX camp 96
5.2.2 For LTE camp 97
5.3 Contribution 98
5.3.1 Academic contribution 98
5.3.2 Practical contribution 99
5.4 Limitation of research 99
Reference 100
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