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研究生:楊翔任
研究生(外文):Hsiang-Jen Yang
論文名稱:以網格為基礎之無線感測網路的動態維護演算法
論文名稱(外文):Grid-based Dynamic Maintenance Algorithms for Sensor Networks with Limited Mobility
指導教授:賴國華
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:33
中文關鍵詞:無線感測網路感測覆蓋率動態維護演算法覆蓋漏洞
外文關鍵詞:Wireless Sensor NetworksSensor CoverageDynamic Maintenance algorithmCoverage Hole
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:106
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在無線感測網路中,感測器可能因為電力失效、不平均初始佈置,或某些特殊事件而產生覆蓋漏洞。但是在大部份的情況,感測區域裡都還擁有足夠的感測器,感測器只需在有限的移動距離下移動到新的位置來達到需求的覆蓋率。
本篇論文裡,我們提出一個以網格為基礎的動態維護演算法。感測器利用鄰近的網格資訊,計算移動距離和方向來填補覆蓋漏洞。模擬結果顯示,我們的動態維護演算法在消耗電量和覆蓋率上都比其他方法還要好,並且可以應用在不同形狀的網格上。
Coverage holes in wireless sensor network, could occur due to unexpected failure, initial uneven deployment, and certain special event. But, most of time, they are still enough sensors to provide the requested coverage by moving some sensor to new location with limited distance.
In this thesis, we propose a grid-based algorithm for dynamic maintenance in wireless sensor network. The movement of each sensor is decided autonomously on the basis of limited local information. Sensor uses the information from neighboring grids to first uncover the coverage hole, and then to determine the moving direction and distance for recovering the coverage holes. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm performs better than other method in terms of energy efficient, better coverage and can be use on different shapes of grid.
1 Introduction........1
1.1 Background and Motivation........1
1.2 Scope of the Work....................3
1.3 Thesis Organization..........4
2 System Model........5
2.1 Definitions..............5
2.2 Estimation of Intersection Point with Grid (IPG)..7
2.3 Estimation of Intersection Points with Sensing Disk of Other Sensor Nodes (IPN)...................8
3 Grid-based Dynamic Maintenance Algorithm......10
3.1 Neighbor Discovery.............10
3.2 Grid-based Hole Detection.........11
3.3 Distributed Dynamic Maintenance......13
4 Performance Valuation........17
4.1 Simulation Setup.............17
4.2 Simulation Results...........18
4.2.1 Coverage................18
4.2.2 Energy Consumption...........20
4.2.3 Termination..............23
4.2.4 Different Shapes of Grid........24
5 Conclusion.......29
5.1 Contributions..............29
5.2 Future Directions...........30
Bibliography................31
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