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研究生:林品薰
研究生(外文):Pin-Hsun Lin
論文名稱:電腦輔助同儕教學:引導討論之系統研發與討論同伴之影響分析
論文名稱(外文):Computer Supported Peer Instruction: Mechanisms for Guiding Discussion and Investigation of the Effects of Partner on Discussion
指導教授:周志岳
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:同儕教學概念性測驗同儕討論更換座位討論對象配對
外文關鍵詞:Peer InstructionConcept TestPeer DiscussionSeat ExchangePartner Pairing
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:174
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:2
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
同儕教學的教學方法包含課前學習和課中問答討論學習兩個部分,旨在增加學生在課堂中的投入程度與對課程主題的了解。然而現有支援同儕教學的系統缺乏引導學生進行討論的機制,本研究旨在開發一個系統來輔助同儕教學(Peer Instruction)之進行,特別是研發引導學生進行討論的機制。本研究設計了更換學生座位、系統提供配對者、共同分數計算等引導機制來引導學生進行討論。實驗結果顯示引導機制可以增加學生參與討論的比率。學生問卷的結果也顯示大部分學生認為引導機制有助於討論。另外,現有同儕教學的研究未詳細分析學生進行討論的狀況與影響,本研究藉由兩次實驗觀察學生們進行討論的狀況以及討論活動對學生作答的影響。結果發現學生經過討論後答對率以及自信度都有明顯進步且達顯著差異,而討論後將原本錯誤答案更改為正確答案比例的學生也占相當高的比例,由此可以推測討論活動確實使學生們在進行學習時有正面的影響。若觀察不同答題情況下的同學間討論,其中答題進步分數最明顯的配對情境則為第一次作答答錯與答對的學生互相討論。另外,本研究也發現若討論後被對方說服或是討論後兩人都同意更改為另一答案的情況時,其進步分數最高且討論前後得分差異也最顯著,由此可發現配對討論同學的答題情況的確會影響學生的答題狀況。
Peer Instruction, including pre-reading activity before course and concept test and peer discussion in course, aims to increase students’ engagement and understanding. However, current Peer Instruction studies lack of guiding mechanisms to promote peer discussion. This study aims to develop a Peer Instruction assisted system with discussion guiding mechanisms, including seat exchange, partner pairing, and mutual scoring. The experimental results revealed that the guiding mechanisms increased the percentage of students'' participation in discussion. The questionnaire results also showed that most students consider guiding mechanisms helpful for promoting discussion. In addition, this study took two experiments to investigate the effects of partners on the peer discussion. The results revealed that after discussing with each other, the students’ performance and confidence in the concept test are increased. Furthermore, the rate of changing answers from wrong to correct is high. The results confirmed that peer instruction is helpful. This study investigated different discussion situations and discussion outcomes among the students. The results revealed that those students who answered incorrectly in first time have good performance when they discussing with those students who answered correctly. The results also showed that the students who are convinced or they both agree to change to a new answer make the most progress between before and after discussion. These results revealed the impact of discussion partner on discussion in Peer Instruction.
書名頁 i
中文摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章、緒論 1
1.1相關背景與研究 1
1.2研究動機 5
1.3研究目的 6
第二章、系統設計 8
第三章、實驗設計 20
3.1教材設計 20
3.2實驗流程 22
3.3研究議題與分析 25
第四章、實驗結果 26
4.1第一次實驗之分析結果 27
4.2第二次實驗於程式設計課程之分析結果 37
4.2.1 系統有與無提供引導討論機制下,學生投入討論的比例 37
4.2.2問卷分析結果 38
4.2.3四項議題分析結果 49
第五章、結論 59
參考文獻 61
附錄一 問卷 63
Burnstein R.A. and Lederman L.M. (2001). Using Wireless Keypads in Lecture Classes. American Association of Physics Teachers., Vol. 39, January.

Crouch C. H. and Mazur E. (2000). Ten years of experience and results. American Association of Physics Teachers., Vol. 69, No. 9.

Cortright R.N. and Collins H.L. and DiCarlo S.E. (2005). Peer instruction enhanced meaningful learning: ability to solve novel problems. The American Physiological Society., 29: 107–111.

Green P.J.(2002). Peer Instruction for Astronomy. Prentice Hall.

Mazur E. and Somers M.D. (1999). Peer Instruction: A User’s Manual. American Journal of Physics.

Novak G.M. and Paterson E.T. (2005). Just-in-Time Teaching: Active Learner Pedagogy with WWW. IASTED International Conference on Computers and Advanced Technology in Education.

Rao S.P. and DiCarlo S.E. (2005). Peer Instruction Improves Performance on Quizzes. American Physiological Society.

Topping K.J. (1998). Peer assessment between students in colleges and universities. Review of Educational Reserch,68(3),249.

Adam P.F(2003). Assessing and Enhancing the Introductory Science Course in
Physics and Biology: Peer Instruction, Classroom Demonstrations, and Genetics
Vocabulary. The Ad Hoc Committee on Molecular Biology and Education

Adam P. F. and Catherine H. C. and Eric Mazur(2002). Peer Instruction: Results from
a Range of Classrooms. The physics teacher Vol. 40, April 2002.

Catherine H. C. and Jessica Watkins , Adam P. F.(2007), and Eric Mazur. Peer
Instruction: Engaging Students One-on-One, All At Once. Research-Based
Reform of University Physics.
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