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研究生:陳英祥
研究生(外文):Ing-Xiang Chen
論文名稱:異質語意網資源建構與整合之研究
論文名稱(外文):Construction and Integration on Heterogeneous Semantic Web Resources
指導教授:楊正仁楊正仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Zen Yang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:語意網資源描述架構主題地圖資訊視覺化語意資源整合
外文關鍵詞:Semantic WebResource Description Framework (RDF)Topic Maps (TM)information visualizationsemantic resource integration
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:169
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
根據語意網所提出的藍圖,電腦不但能夠自動讀取資料並且能夠了解其內容語意,進而使得電腦能夠查詢出符合人類語意需求的結果。
因此,在未來的全球網路上實現機器能夠理解人類描述語意是非常有希望達成的。
然而,隨著在不同語意網描述架構的平行發展,卻使得實現整體語意網藍圖時,帶來了跨架構之間語意資源交互操作的問題。
目前,已有許多相關研究投入研究如何促進不同語意網描述架構之間的交互操作性,
並透過不同方式來加強相關的語意資源整合與運用。
在本論文中,我們進一步提出跨架構的視覺編輯開發環境、整合視覺化介面設計與語意網資源整合方法,
以促進跨架構的語意網資源編輯、瀏覽與整合運用。
本論文研究主要達成以下三項貢獻:
(1) 提供以主題地圖為基礎的視覺化編輯環境,並有效地輔助使用者正確地建構、編輯與修改跨語意網架構的相關資源。
(2) 設計整合式的跨架構語意網視覺化介面,並能夠幫助使用者快速地瀏覽、找尋所需的語意網資源。
(3) 提出準確的自動化語意網資源整合機制,並能夠有效地應用在大型企業網路目錄與入口網站分類目錄,以提升自動化網路資源整合的正確性。
According to the statement of the Semantic Web road map,
machine understandability is very promising to be realized in the Web environment.
The parallel development of diverse Semantic Web frameworks of RDF and TM, however,
brings the interoperability problems when the blueprint of Semantic Web is practiced.
Hence, the interoperability for heterogeneous Semantic Web frameworks has shown
its importance for future development of Semantic Web.
Different studies have been investigated to mitigate the interoperability problems with
syntactic and semantic translation schemes, and in advance
facilitate the accessibility of Semantic Web resources among heterogeneous frameworks.
In this dissertation,
we propose different approaches to facilitate cross-framework
interoperability in authoring, integration, and visualization.
Our study achieves the contributions
from the following three aspects:
(1) enhanced authoring interoperability of heterogeneous Semantic Web frameworks,
(2) cross-framework visualization on Semantic Web resources, and
(3) automating integration of semantic resources.
目錄
書名頁. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
論文口試委員審定書. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
授權書. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
中文摘要. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
英文摘要. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
誌謝(一) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
誌謝(二) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
目錄. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
表目錄. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv
圖目錄. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviii
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1.1 Development History of Semantic Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.1.2 Fundamental Frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.1.3 Similarities and Differences between RDF and TM . . . . . . . . 3
1.1.4 Synergy between RDF and TM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.2 Research Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.2.1 Authoring Interface Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.2.2 Visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.2.3 Semantic Resource Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
ix
1.3 Research Goals and Contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.4 Thesis Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2 Previous Research Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1 Authoring among Semantic Web Frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1.1 RDF-based Authoring Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1.2 TM-based Authoring Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2 Integrated Visualization Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.1 RDF Visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.2.2 Topic Maps Visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.2.3 Integrated Visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.3 Research on Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.3.1 RDF/Topic Maps Interoperability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.3.2 Ontology Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3 Semantic Resource Creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.1 Cross-Framework Authoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.2 System Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.3 Authoring Interface Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.3.1 Authoring Interface Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.3.2 XTM-to-RDF Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4 Interoperability Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.5 User Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
x
3.5.1 Participants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.5.2 Simple Relationship Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.5.2.1 Task Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.5.2.2 Experimental Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.5.2.3 Speed Performance of Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.5.2.4 Task Correctness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.5.3 Complex Relationship Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.5.3.1 Task Assignments for Understandability . . . . . . . . 38
3.5.3.2 Task Assignments for Operability . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3.5.3.3 Experimental Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.5.3.4 Speed Performance of Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.5.3.5 Task Correctness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3.6 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
4 Interoperable Visualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
4.1 Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
4.2 Visualization Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.2.1 Layout of ISWIVE-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.2.2 Layout of ISWIVE-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4.2.3 Visualization Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
4.2.3.1 RDF Drawing Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
4.2.3.2 TM Drawing Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.2.4 Visualization Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
xi
4.2.5 Document and Query Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.2.6 Graph Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.2.7 Operational Examples for ISWIVE-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
4.3 User Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.3.1 Participants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.3.2 Employed Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.3.3 Evaluation Results and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.3.3.1 Speed of Task Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.3.3.2 Task Correctness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
4.4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
5 Semantic Resource Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
5.1 Ontology Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
5.2 Integration Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5.3 TM-based Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
5.3.1 Integration Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
5.3.2 Matching Semantic Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
5.3.3 Integration Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
5.3.3.1 Integration with Internal Conceptual Information . . . . 67
5.3.3.2 Integration with Conceptual Mapping Information . . . 69
5.4 Applications on Web Taxonomies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
5.4.1 Web Taxonomy Integration Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
5.4.2 Integration Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
xii
5.5 Performance Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
5.5.1 Data Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
5.5.2 Experimental Results and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
5.5.2.1 Integration from Yahoo! to Google . . . . . . . . . . . 76
5.5.2.2 Integration from Google to Yahoo! . . . . . . . . . . . 79
5.6 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
6 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
6.1 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
6.2 Future Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
A Detailed Experimental Results of ICI-SVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
A.1 The Integration Results of ICI-SVM (Y→G) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
A.2 The Integration Results of ICI-SVM (G→Y) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
B Detailed Experimental Results of CMI-SVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
B.1 The Integration Results of CMI-SVM (Y→G) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
B.2 The Integration Results of CMI-SVM (G→Y) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Biography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
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