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研究生:賴文杰
研究生(外文):Wen-Chieh Lai
論文名稱:交融記憶系統與競爭性目標導向對專案績效之影響:以領導風格為干擾變數
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Transactive Memory System and Competiveness Objective Orientation on Project Performance– Leadership Styles as Interference Variable
指導教授:湯玲郎湯玲郎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ling- Lang Tang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:交融記憶系統專案績效競爭性目標導向領導風格 .
外文關鍵詞:transactive memory systemproject performanceCompetiveness Objective OrientationLeadership style .
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:200
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:6
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
現今的企業或組織所面臨的挑戰較過去來得複雜且更不易預測,故組織需要彈性的分工及以專業任務編制為基礎的專案團隊以解決組織所面臨的問題及因應不同之挑戰。專案成員個別之專業性、工作之技能與經驗是否能夠在團隊中互相統合、交流,並能融入於團隊中,且能與團隊其他成員互為互補、傳遞與交流,將是整個專案團隊運作能否達成績效的關鍵因素。此外專案成員的競爭性及專案經理人之領導風格是否會對整體專案績效產生影響。本文之研究目的包括:(1)探討交融記憶系統對專案績效之影響;(2)探討專案成員競爭性目標導向對專案績效的影響;(3)專案經理人的領導風格對交融記憶系統與專案績效是否產生干擾作用;(4)專案經理人的領導風格對競爭性目標導向與專案績效是否產生干擾作用。本研究採用便利性抽樣方法,對專案團隊正式發放260組問卷(每組對偶式問卷,包括專案經理人問卷一份與專案成員問卷兩份)。總共回收的樣本數為132組,經剔除無效之樣本及主管與成員部份填答不完整的組別,有效樣本數為114組專案,而其中包含專案經理人問卷114份和專案成員問卷228份。本文採用SPSS進行描述性統計分析、驗證性因素分析(CFA)以及階層迴歸與虛擬變項之迴歸分析驗證假設。從研究結果發現:(1) 交融記憶系統對專案績效有顯著的正向影響;(2) 競爭性目標導向對專案績效有顯著的負向影響;(3) 專案經理人的領導風格對交融記憶系統與專案績效產生干擾作用。本研究除了討論造成上述結果的原因外,並根據這些結果,提出理論與實務意涵的說明。
The challenge to the business organization currently is more complicated and could not anticipate than pass. So the organization needs the elastic division of labor and establishes a specialized project team to solve the problem and face the different challenge. The key point to achieve the target of the project performance which is the professional skills of team members whether can integrated mutually and transmission in the team. In addition,the competitiveness in the project team members and the leadership style of project manager whether to have influence to the overall project performance . Thus, the aims of this study are to (1) discuss the effect of transactive memory system on project performance; (2) discuss the effect of competiveness objective orientation on project Performance; (3) discuss the interference effect of the leadership style on transactive memory system and project performance; (4) discuss the interference effect of the leadership style on competiveness objective orientation and project performance.
In the study, random samples as the subjects to 260 project team formally. Each project team has fill out 3 questionnaires (one for the team manager and two for the team members). Total received questionnaires is 132 and the valid questionnaires were collected is 114 which from 114 of project manager and 228 of team members. The study used SPSS by the methods of characterization analysis, CFA analysis, hierarchical regression analysis and dummy variables regression analysis.
The findings include: (1) transactive memory system has a positive effect on project performance; (2) competitive goal has a negative effect on project performance; (3)the leadership style of project manager has a interference effect on transactive memory system and project performance. Howerer, the study interpretates the findings the findings abovementioned, and explores relevant statements on both theory and practice as well.
書名頁 i
審定書 ii
授權書 iii
摘要 iv
Abstract v
誌謝 vi
目錄 vii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 專案與專案績效 5
一、專案的定義 5
二、專案團隊 7
三、專案管理 7
四、專案績效 8
第二節 交融記憶系統 9
一、交融記憶系統 10
二、交融記憶系統對專案績效之影響 12
第三節 專案團隊成員之競爭性 …. 13
一、競爭性目標導向 13
二、競爭性目標導向對專案績效之影響 14
第四節 專案經理人的領導風格 16
一、領導風格 17
二、領導理論 17
第三章 研究方法 25
第一節 研究架構 25
第二節 研究假設 26
第三節 研究變數與操作性定義 26
一、交融記憶系統 26
二、競爭性目標導向 28
三、領導風格 29
四、專案績效 37
五、控制變數 38
第四節 問卷設計 39
第五節 問卷對象及分析工具及方法 39
一、資料分析程序 40
二、統計分析方法 40
第四章 研究結果與分析 42
第一節 樣本資料 42
一、性別分佈 44
二、年齡分佈 44
三、最高學歷分佈 45
四、年資分佈 46
五、任職部門分佈 46
第二節 因素分析 48
第三節 信度分析 49
第四節 假設驗證 51
一、主效果 51
二、干擾效果 53
第五節 本章小結 55
第五章 結論與建議 58
第一節 研究結論 58
第二節 管理意涵與實務建議 60
一、管理意涵 60
二、實務建議 62
第三節 研究限制 64
第四節 未來研究方向 65
參考文獻 66
附錄 74
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5.莊采華(2008),「主管領導風格對工作壓力與離職傾向關係之研究」,大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文。
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7.詹前隆、陳鴻基、張國忠和李婷(2008),「User-IS Conflicts, User-IS Interaction Quality, and Project Performance: An Empirical Study」,資訊管理學報,第十五卷,第二期,209-224
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