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研究生:王俊仁
研究生(外文):Chun-Jen Wang
論文名稱:團隊中的激勵─以棒球團隊為例
論文名稱(外文):M0TIVATION IN TEAMSTAKE BASEBALL TEAMS FOR EXAMPLE
指導教授:周麗芳周麗芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Fang Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:領導研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:團隊中的激勵激勵情境棒球團隊多層次激勵
外文關鍵詞:motivation in teammotivational situationmultiple-level motivation for baseball team
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
團隊的普遍促使研究者與實務者重新思考有關多層次激勵的管理議題(Chen & Kanfer, 2003)。Katz(2001)指出運動團隊的運作模式是研究者與實務者探討企業團隊最好的借鏡。因此,本研究欲以棒球團隊為例,探討運動團隊中球員個人以及整個團隊的多層次激勵現象。除此之外,團隊中激勵的情境區分為比賽、練習與平常生活三種情境,了解不同的激勵模式。本研究以深度訪談法蒐集資料,訪談對象為大專業餘甲組與中華職棒共六支球隊;受訪者包括六支球隊的總教練與十五名球員。研究發現:(1)總教練是球員以及團隊激勵的核心關鍵角色;(2)正面鼓勵、教誨、態度要求等多過責罵;(3)平衡球員個人信心與團隊士氣是很重要的;(4)球員之間的鼓舞,例如喧鬧、高興的跳舞以及精彩表現可以反轉比賽的劣勢;(5)教練的生活照顧對球員也是重要的,包含私生活以及未來生涯規劃。最後,研究的限制的討論以及指出一些未來可以研究的方向,除此之外,提出對運動以及企業團隊實務上的建議。
Team is widely used in organizations and makes researchers and practitioners to think the issue about multiple-level motivation (Chen & Kanfer, 2003). Katz (2001) pointed out that real business team can take the model of sports team for an example. This study tries to explore multiple-level motivation based on baseball teams and figures out the motivational phenomenon for individual player and the whole team. Besides, the motivational situations are classified into competition and routine practice, and ordinary life to understand the difference motivational pattern. In-depth interview was used for data collection. A sample with six coaches and fifteen players from 6 professional amateur baseball teams is analyzed and the results show: (1) coaches is the core and critical drive for the motivation of player and team; (2) Positive encourage, didactics, and attitudinal requirement instead of blame are used by coaches; (3) It is important to balance the individual confidence and team’s morale; (4) The inspiration between player, such as to shout and jump for joy, perform excellently, could reverse the inferior position during petition; (5) coach’s life consideration (both private life and future non-baseball job plan) is important for player. Finally, the study’s limitations are discussed and possible directions for future study indicated. In addition, some practical recommendations are mentioned for sport and business team.
書名頁 i
論文口試審定書 ii
授權書 iii
摘 要 iv
ABSTRACT v
誌 謝 vi
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 團隊與運動團隊 6
第二節 強調個人內在需求滿足的激勵理論 11
第三節 團隊與激勵 14
第四節 文化脈絡的考量 20
第三章 研究方法 21
第一節 研究方法 21
第二節 研究程序 22
第四章 分析結果 30
第一節 比賽情境的多層次激勵 32
第二節 平時練習情境的多層次激勵 53
第三節 棒球之外 66
第五章 討論與建議 72
第一節 研究發現 72
第二節 管理意涵 79
第三節 研究限制與建議 81
參考文獻 83
附 錄 一 88
表目錄
表3-1 受訪者基本資料表 25
圖目錄
圖2-1 跨層次激勵架構 15
圖5-1 比賽情境的多層次激勵模式 74
圖5-2 練習情境的多層次激勵模式 76
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