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研究生:李純瑜
研究生(外文):Chun-yu Lee
論文名稱:國人蔬果攝取行為與心理社會因素之相關性探討
論文名稱(外文):Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Fruits and Vegetables Intake among Taiwanese
指導教授:鄭裕耀
指導教授(外文):Yu-Yao Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:嘉南藥理科技大學
系所名稱:營養與保健科技研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:營養學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:蔬果攝取行為心理社會因素
外文關鍵詞:Intake of fruits and vegetablesPsychosocial factor
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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蔬果攝取量的不足與慢性疾病的發生具有密切關聯性。蔬果攝取行為可能受到多項因素影響,本研究係以心理社會因素層面分析蔬果攝取相關行為,探討國人蔬果攝取行為與心理社會因素之相關性。研究對象遴選以方便取樣法取得,受試者來自南部某政府機關,總樣本數為237人 (男性N=89,女性N=148),以問卷調查方式進行資料收集。研究架構上以心理社會學說做為理論基礎,包含健康信念模式、計畫行為學說、與社會認知學說等。結果顯示,受試者每日蔬果攝取量小於五份者佔75.4%,表示其大多數蔬果攝取量均有不足之現象。影響蔬果總攝取量之心理社會因子為「態度」(β=1.272,p=<0.05),影響水果攝取量為「自覺罹患機率」(β=0.526,p=<0.01)及「態度」(β=0.927,p=<0.01),而蔬菜攝取量則受「行為意願」影響較大(β=0.824,p=<0.05)。研究成果可應用於從事營養教育或諮詢時之重要參考依據。
Insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) correlates closely with the occurrence of chronic diseases. There are many factors that may influence the F&V intake behavior. Present study attempts to understand this behavior from the perspectives of psychosociology, and to examine the relationships between F&V intake behavior and psychosocial-related factors. The subjects were selected by convenience sampling method. A total of 237 subjects (89 males and 148 females), employee in the government agency in Southern Taiwan, were recruited in this study. Based on psychosocial theories, including Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior, and Social Cognitive Theory, the survey questionnaire was developed and used as measuring tool to collect data. The results showed the intake of F&V was insufficient since there were 75.4% of subjects whose daily consumption of F&V less than five servings. Attitude (β=1.272,p=&lt;0.05) is the psychosocial factor influencing total F&V intake. Besides, fruit intake was affected by perceived susceptibility (β=0.526,p=&lt;0.01)and attitude(β=0.927,p=&lt;0.01), and vegetable consumption was affected by behavioral intention (β=0.824,p=&lt;0.05). In application, the influencing psychosicial factors may serve as an important reference while implementing nutrition education intervention or conducting consultation to help individual dietary modification.
中文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
目錄……………………………………………………………………IV
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………VI
表目錄…………………………………………………………………VII
附錄……………………………………………………………………IX

第一章 緒論……………………………………………………… 1
第一節 前言…………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………… 3
第三節 文獻回顧……………………………………………… 3
一、社會心理理論介紹………………………………………… 4
1.健康信念模式 …………………………………… 4
2.計畫行為學說………………………………………6
3.社會認知理論………………………………………8
二、心理社會因素與蔬果攝取行為相關性探討……………… 9
三、蔬果攝取行為與人口統計變數之相關探討………………12
第二章 材料與方法………………………………………………… 14
第一節 研究架構與研究假說…………………………………… 14

第二節 研究流程………………………………………………… 18
第三節 研究對象與資料收集…………………………………… 19
第四節 研究工具………………………………………………… 22
第五節 統計分析方法…………………………………………… 23
第五節 統計分析方法…………………………………………… 23
第三章 結果……………………………………………………… 25
一、受試者基本資料…………………………………………… 25
二、蔬果攝取份數與纖維攝取行為描述性統計分析………… 26
三、心理社會因子及蔬果攝取行為之描述性統計分析 ………27
四、心理社會因素與蔬果攝取行為之相關性分析…………… 27
五、人口統計變項與蔬果攝取、纖維攝取行為之比較性分析 28
六、心理社會因素與人口統計變項之比較性分析 ……………29
七、蔬果攝取與心理社會因素之迴歸分析…………………… 32
第四章 討論…………………………………………………………33
第五章 結論…………………………………………………………40
第六章 參考文獻……………………………………………………41
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