跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.222.104.206) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/28 12:04
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:張雅琪
研究生(外文):Ya-Chi Chang
論文名稱:膠凝-薄膜生物反應槽處理化糞池出流水效率之研究
論文名稱(外文):Flocculation–Membrane bioreactor for treatment of septic tank effluent
指導教授:張家源張家源引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Yuan Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:嘉南藥理科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與科學系暨研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:薄膜生物反應程序膠凝作用陽離子聚丙烯醯胺化糞池出流水
外文關鍵詞:MBRFlocculationPolyacrylamideSeptic tank
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:778
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究利用膠凝-薄膜生物反應槽系統以處理化糞池出流水,於固定污泥停留時間(Sludge retention time,SRT) 20天及水力停留時間(Hydraulic retention time,HRT)6小時之條件下,以陽離子聚丙烯醯胺膠凝劑之不同加藥量探討膠凝-薄膜生物反應槽處理化糞池出流水之效率。
研究實驗分為四個階段,反應槽有效體積12L,生物薄膜槽持續曝氣,第一階段為馴養污泥,植種後MBR槽中污泥濃度為4000 mg/L。全程實驗控制水力停留時間(Hydraulic retention time,簡稱HRT)6 hr,污泥停留時間(Sludge retention time,簡稱SRT)SRT 20天,實驗中薄膜抽停時間為每抽5分鐘停止1分鐘。第二階段為微生物生長穩定後無添加膠凝劑,第三階段及第四階段添加不同劑量陽離子膠凝劑,陽離子膠凝劑添加劑量的濃度,是以參考應用於本系統之另一研究實驗數據來決定劑量,在第三階段為添加0.1 mg/L陽離子膠凝劑,第四階段為添加2 mg/L陽離子膠凝劑。
本系統之進流水是採用化糞池出流水,其濁度變化起伏大,濁度約為 6.5 - 136 NTU區間;而在放流水方面,濁度為 0.08 - 1.58 NTU區間,濁度去除率可高達98.32%;對TDS去除效率較差,本系統使用的MF薄膜無法有效去除TDS;而TCOD與SCOD的平均去除率,在第三階段及第四階段於薄膜生物反應槽添加膠凝劑後,相較於第二階段的COD去除效率有明顯的增加。
在氮系列物質分析中,發現到有添加膠凝藥劑的第三階段及第四階段之硝酸鹽氮有下降的趨勢;且總和各階段TN的實驗數據來看,可以發現到,增加其膠凝劑在反應槽中之濃度,其TN的去除效率有增加的趨勢,第四階段之總氮平均去除率約為75.19%,最佳去除率為82.90 %;在各階段的氨氮轉換率都在99 % 以上,其次可以明顯的看出加了高分子膠凝劑後,食微比降低,其食微比平均在0.4 Kg NH3/MLVSS.day。
In order to determine the effect of Flocculation on MBR performance of septic tank effluent. The system was operated at sludge retention time 20 days and HRT 6 hours, the cationic polyacrylamide gelling agent of the different dosage of Flocculation - membrane bioreactor treatment efficiency of septic tank effluent.
This experiment is divided into four stages, the effective reactor volume of 12L, bio-film continuous aeration tank, the first stage of domestication and early for the sludge, after the MBR plant species tank sludge concentration 4000 mg / L. Experimental control of the whole hydraulic retention time 6 hr, SRT 20 days, experimental films pumping stop time for 5 minutes per 1 minute. Stages described as follows:
The second stage is to add microbial growth and stability of no gelling agent, the third stage and fourth stage of adding different doses of CAPM. The gelling agent additive amount of cationic concentration, is a reference for the study of this system to another experiment data to determine the dose. In the third stage to add 0.1 mg / L CPAM, the fourth stage, add 2 mg / L CPAM.
From the data obtained in analysis experiments, The results showed that he turbidity of were about 6.5-136 NTU. Of the turbidity, the effluent of the system, range was 0.08-1.58 NTU, t it can achieve turbidity reduction by 98.32%. The system cannot effectively use the MF membrane to remove of TDS. it can achieve TCOD and SCOD by removal rate, the stage of third and fourth, in film to add bio-reactor C-PAM, compared with the second stage of the COD removal efficiency increased significantly.

About the nitrification, we found that adding C-PAM and fourth stages of the third of a downward trend in nitrate. and look of the TN data, we can find to their C-PAM concentration was increase in the MBR, the TN removal efficiency of the increase. And the fourth stage of the average TN removal rate of about 75.19%, the best removal rate was 82.90%
In various stages of conversion rate of ammonia are more than 99%, followed by can see the obvious increase of the C-PAM agent, the water ratio for
lower than average in their food micro 0.4 Kg NH3/MLVSS day.
目錄
中文摘要 .....................................................................I
英文摘要 ...................................................................III
誌謝 .........................................................................V
目錄 ........................................................................VI
圖目錄 ......................................................................IX
表目錄 .....................................................................XII
第一章 前言 ..................................................................1
1-1 研究起源 .................................................................1
1-2 研究內容及目的 ...........................................................1
第二章 文獻回顧 ..............................................................3
2-1 化糞池簡介 ...............................................................3
2-2 薄膜分離單元 .............................................................6
2-2-1 薄膜沿革 ...........................................................6
2-2-2 薄膜材質 ...........................................................7
2-2-3 薄膜種類 ...........................................................9
2-2-4 薄膜模組之形式 ....................................................11
2-2-5 生物薄膜反應程序 ..................................................15
2-2-6 MBR相關處理成效 ...................................................22
2-3 膠凝作用 ................................................................23
2-3-1 絮凝機制 ..........................................................23
2-3-2 高分子凝聚劑 ......................................................24
2-3-3 聚丙烯醯胺 ........................................................27
2-3-4 混凝/膠凝相關應用 .................................................29
2-4胞外聚合物(EPS).........................................................32
2-5化學清洗 .................................................................34
2-6 我國再利用之回收水標準...................................................36
第三章 實驗設備及研究方法 .................................................. 39
3-1 研究流程 ............................................................... 39
3-2 研究內容及方法 ..........................................................40
3-2-1 系統架設 ..........................................................40
3-2-2 廢污水來源 ........................................................45
3-3 水質檢驗方法 ............................................................47
3-3-1 實驗分析項目 ......................................................47
3-3-2 EPS檢測方法 .......................................................48
3-4 研究設備 ................................................................50
第四章結果與討論 ............................................................51
4-1反應槽水質參數............................................................51
4-2 COD之處理成效 ...........................................................63
4-3 總有機碳之處理成效 ......................................................67
4-4 氮化物之處理成效.........................................................69
4-5 磷的去除成效 ............................................................79
4-6 胞外聚合物的處理成效 ....................................................81
4-7 出流水水質狀況...........................................................85
第五章 結論與建議 ...........................................................89
5-1結論 .....................................................................89
5-2後續研究建議 .............................................................90
參考文獻 ....................................................................91
1.劉興鎔,『定地區污水處置之探討(一)』臺北市衛生下水道工程處,2005.
2.http://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/plumbing/sewer2.htm
3.Aptel, P. and Buckley C. A., “Catergories Of Membrane Operation Water Treatment Membrane Process”, Water Treatment Membrane Process, 1996.
4.林秉豐,『胞外聚合物對薄膜生物反應程序中薄膜阻塞之影響-光電產業個案研究』,嘉南藥理科技大學,環境工程與科學系碩士班,2006.
5.Wiesner, M. R., and Aptel, P., “ Mass Transfer And Permeate Flux and Fouling in Pressure-Driven”, Water Treatment Membrane Process,1996.
6.http://www.kochmembrane.com/
7.http://www.ecologix.com
8.http://www.ntut.edu.tw/~yhchen1/事業放流水標準之演進及對應廢水處理技術.pdf, 2008.
9.http://www.daicen.co.jp
10.Ueda, T., Hata, K. and Kikuoka, Y. “Treatment of domestic seawage from rural settlements by a membrane bioreactor”, Wat. Sci. Tech.,34(9) , pp.189 - 196, 1996.
11.Brindle, K. and Stephenson, T., “The applications of membrane biological reactors for the treatment of wastewaters”, Biotechnology. Boeings. Vol. 49, pp. 601-610, 1996.
12.洪瑞雯,『連續流循序操作模式應用於薄膜生物反應槽處理ABS樹脂廢水之研究』,嘉南藥理科技大學,環境工程與科學系碩士班,2005.
13.Pankhania, M., Brundle, K. and Stephenson, T., “Membrane aeration bioreactors for wastewater treatment: completely mixed and plug-flow operation”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 73, NO. 2, pp. 131-136, 1999.
14.Livingston, A. G., Arcangeli, J. P., Boam, A. T., Zhang, S., Marangon, M. and Freitas, L. M., “ Extractive membrane bioreactor for detoxification of chemical industry wastes: process development.”Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 151, No. 1, pp. 29-44, 1998.
15.Jeff A. Robers., Paul M. Sutton., Prakash N. Mishra. “Application of the membrane biological wastewater treatment”, International
Biodeterioration & Biodegradation., 46, pp.37-42, 2000.
16.Yamamoto, K., Hiasa, M., Mahmood, T. and Matsuo, T., “Direct solid-
liquid separation using hollow fiber membrane in an activated sludge
aeration tank.”, Wat. Sci. Tech., 21, pp.43 - 54, 1989.
17.Thompson, D., Mourato, D., Penny, J., ”Demonstration of the Zeno Gem Process for municipal wastewater treatment”, WEF Annual Conference, Chicago, 1998.
18.Zhang, B., Yamamoto, K., Ohgaki, S. and Kamiko, N., “Floc size distribution and bacterial activities in membrane separation activated sludge processes for small-scale wastewater treatment reclamation”, Wat. Sci. Technol., 35(6), 37 - 44, 1997.
19.江誠憲,『不同鹼度物質對薄膜生物反應槽中硝化作用之影響』,嘉南藥理科技大學,環境工程與科學系碩士班,2008.
20.陳昇隆,『利用薄膜生物反應槽處理低碳氮比出流水之研究』,嘉南藥理科技大學,環境工程與科學系碩士班,2008.
21.Stephenson, T., Judd, S., Jefferson, B. and Brindle, K. “Membrane Bioreactors for Wastewater Treatment.”IWA, London., 2000.
22.Dentel, S. K., “Coagulant Control in water Treatment”, Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, Vol.21, No.1, pp.41 - 135, 1991.
23.Hoyer, O. and Shell, H., “Monitoring Raw Water Quality and Adjustment of Treatment Processes - Experiences at the Wahnbach Reservoir”, Water Science and Technology, Vol.37, No.2, pp.43 - 48, 1998.
24.歐陽嶠暉,下水道工程學(水環境再生工程學),長松文化興業股份有限公司,第四版,2005.
25.Rout, D., Verma, R. and Agarwal, S. K., “Polyelectrolyte treatment - an approach for water quality improvement”, Water Science and Technology, 40(2), 137 - 141, 1999.
26.Lee, S.Y. and Gregory, J., “The effect of charge density and molecular mass of cationic polymers of flocculation kinetics in aqueous solution”, Water Supply, 19(1), 11 - 17, 1991.
27.http://www.answers.com
28.Choi-Kevin, Young-June and Dempsey-Brian, A., “In-line coagulation with low-pressure membrane filtration”, Water Research, 38, 4271 - 4281, 2004.
29.Pikkarainen, A. T., Judd, S. J. and Gillberg, L., ”Pre-coagulation for microfiltration of an upland surface water”, Water Research, 38, 455 - 465, 2004.
30.Jang, N.-Y., Watanabe, Y. and Minegishi, S.,”Performance of ultra-
filtration membrane process combined with coagulation/sedimentation”, Water Science &Technology, Vol.51, No.6-7, pp.209 - 219, 2005.
31.Kimura, K., Hane, Y., Watanbe, Y., “Effect of pre-coagulation on mitigating irreversible fouling during ultrafiltration of a surface water”, Water Science & Technology, Vol.51, No.6-7,pp.93 - 100, 2005.
32.Hwang, K. J., Liu, H.-C., “Cross-flow microfiltration of aggregated submicron particles”, Member. Sci., 2001, 137-148, 2002.
33.Judd, S. J. and Hillis, P.,”Optimization of combined coagulation and microfiltration for water treatment”,Water Research, 35(12), 2895 - 2904 , 2001.
34.Nguyen, Minh-Tan and Ripperger Siegfried, “Investigation on the effect of flocculants on filtration behavior in microfiltration of fine particles”, Desalination, 147, 37-42, 2002.
35.Wong, S.S. and, Teng, T. T., Ahmada, A. L., Zuhairi, A., and Najafpourc, G.,“ Treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater by polyacrylamide (PAM) in polymer induced flocculation”, Journal of Hazardous Materials B135 , 378 - 388, 2006.

36.Gabelich Christopher, J., Yun Tae, I., Coffey Bradley, M. and Suffet, I. H., “Effects of aluminum sulfate and ferric chloride coagulant residuals on polyamide membrane performance”, Desalination, (150), pp.15-30, 2002.
37.林銘洲、賴宏昌、王冬信,『CMP及BG混和廢水回收再利用實例介紹』,產業環保工程實務研討會論文集,台北,275~285,2003.
38.李俊德,『工業廢水二級處理放流水再生利用技術研究-造紙綜合廢水二級處理放流水再生利用技術研究結案報告』,水利署,2001.
39.Nguyen, M. L. and Westerhoff , P. E., Characteristic, P., “Reactivity of Algae-Produced Dissolved Organic Carbon”, Journal of Environmental Engineering 1574-1582, 2005.
40.Frølund, B., Palmgren, R., Keiding, K. and Nielsen P. H. “Extraction of extracellular polymers from activated sludge using a cation exchange resin”, Water Res., (30), 1749 -1758, 1996.
41.Chang, I. S., Le-Clech, P., Jefferson, B. and Judd, S., “Membrane fouling in MBRs for wastewater treatment.”J. Environ. Eng., 128:11., 2002.
42.Fan, F. S., Zhou, H. and Husain, H., “Identification of wastewater sludge characteristics to predict critical flux for membrane bioreactor processes.”Water Res., 40, 205-212, 2006.
43.Kimura, K., Yamato, N., Yamamura, H., Watanabe, Y., “Membrane fouling in pilotscale membrane bioreactors (MBRs) treating municipal wastewater”, Environ. Sci. Technol. (39) 6293 - 6299, 2005.
44.Fan, F. S., Zhou, H. D.,“ Interrelated effects of aeration and mixed liquor fractions on membrane fouling for submerged membrane bioreactor processes in wastewater treatment”, Environ. Sci. Technol. (41) 2523 - 2528, 2007.
45.Ng, H. Y., Tan, T. W., Ong, S.L., “Membrane fouling of submerged membrane bioreactors: impact of mean cell residence time and the contributing factors”, Environ. Sci. Technol. (40) 2706 – 2713, 2006.
46.行政院環境保護署,『水污染防治法施行細則』.
47.行政院環保署,『建築物生活污水回收再利用建議事項』,2007.
48.Knowles, G., Downing, A. L. and Barrett, M. T.,“Determination of kinetic constants for nitrifying bacteria in mixed culture with the aid of an electronic computer", J. Gen, Microbiol., 38, pp263-278, 1965.
49.Metcalf & Eddy, “Wastewater Engineering-treatment:disposal and reuse” , 3nd, New York, McGraw-HILL, 1991.
50.Painter, H. A., Loveless, J. E., “Effect of temperature and pH value on the growth-rate constants of nitrifying bacteria in the activated sludge process”, Wat. Res., Vol. 17, pp. 237-248, 1983
51.Sharma B and R. C. Alhlert. “Nitrification and nitrogen removal”, Wat. Res.,11, 897-925, 1977.
52.Surampalli, R. Y., Tyagi, R. D., Scheible, O. K. and Heidman, J. A., “Nitrification, denitrification and phosphorus removal in sequential batch reactors”, Bioresource Technology, Vol. 61, No.2, pp. 1085-1099, 1999

53.Yamamoto, K. and Win, K. M., “Direct solid-liquid separation using hollow fiber membrane in an activated sludge aeration tank”, Wat. Sci. Tech., 21,43-54, 1991.
54.陳廷光,成重男,倪振鴻,林俊德,GREEN MEMBIORR 生物薄膜程序處理TFT-LCD 製程有機廢水之研究,中華民國環境工程學會第二十七屆,廢水處理技術研討會論文集,台北。
55.林陳彥,『以 16S rDNA 分子技術探討薄膜生物反應器處理ABS 廢水之硝化菌樣態』,嘉南藥理科技大學,環境工程與科學系碩士班,2005
56.Sharma, B. and Ahler, R. C., “Nitrification and nitrogen removeal,” Wat. Res.,11: 897-925, 1977.
57.李信杰,『沉浸式生物薄膜反應器之積垢特性探討』,國立交通大學,環境工程系碩士班,2006.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top