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研究生:陳淑滿
研究生(外文):Shu-Man
論文名稱:頭部外傷病患急性期認知功能評估對初期預後之預測效力探討
論文名稱(外文):Cognitive Function Evaluation in Acute Phase of Traumatic Brain Injury to Predict the Patients’Preliminary Prognosis
指導教授:陳玉如陳玉如引用關係廖玟君廖玟君引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Ju ChenWen-Chun Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學大學
系所名稱:護理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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頭部外傷所造成的失能及死亡逐年超過其他疾病,其中認知功能缺損所造成的失能時間遠比生理的障礙更長久。本研究目的在探討頭部外傷患者急性期認知功能狀態對於功能性預後之預測效力。以前瞻性研究設計,採立意取樣方式,自98年8月15 日至99年02月15日期間,於中台灣某區域教學醫院外科病房進行資料收集,以頭部外傷病患為研究對象,獲有效樣本數為77位,其中含輕度頭部外傷者52位,中重度頭部外傷者25位。在入住病房第一天及出院時以訪談及觀察方式進行結構式工具測量記錄,包括:意識狀態Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)、認知功能程度Rancho Los Amigos levels of cognitive function Scale (RLAS)、失憶及定向感Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT),並於受傷後三個月以Glasgow Outcome Scale - Extended (GOSE)評估追蹤病患之功能性預後狀態。資料整理後,以SPSS 17.0套裝軟體分輕度及中重度頭部外傷兩組進行分析,描述性統計分析包括次數分配、百分比、平均值、標準差;推論性統計以成對樣本t檢定(paired-samples t test)、簡單回歸(simple regression)以及多元回歸(multiple regression)進行分析。研究結果發現,年齡與預後具有高度相關性;再者,在控制年齡對於預後的影響後,輕度頭部外傷患者於入住病房第一天及出院時,無論再增加GOAT或者RLAS 量表的評估,均可以提升對初期預後狀態的預測效力;而中重度頭部外傷者僅出院時的GCS評估結果具初期預後狀態的預測效力。建議醫療團隊將RLAS與GOAT列入頭部外傷病患急性期之常規評估,以監測認知功能變化;同時讓家屬瞭解病患潛在的認知缺損問題以及初期可能的預後狀態,協助及早進行出院規畫。

Traumatic brain injury related morbidity and mortality gradually exceed other diseases in recent years. Among the morbidities, cognitive impairment can lead to a longer disable period than physical impairment. In this study, we investigated whether cognitive function evaluation in the acute phase was predictive of functional outcome. This is a prospective and descriptive study which enrolled 77 traumatic brain injury patients, including 52 mild and 25 moderate-severe injuries, by purposeful sampling in a regional teaching hospital from 15 August 2009 to 15 February 2010. Structural evaluation, including Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Rancho Los Amigos levels of cognitive function Scale (RLAS), Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT), of each patient will be recorded by interviews and observations on the day of admission and the day of discharge. Glasgow Outcome Scale - Extended (GOSE) was used to evaluate the functional outcome 3 months after the injury. After gathering the data, statistical analysis was processed by SPSS 17.0 software for mild and moderate-severe traumatic brain injury patients. Descriptive statistical analysis includes frequency-distribution, percentage, mean, and standard deviation; inferential statistics analysis includes paired-samples t test, simple regression, and multiple regression.
The result of this study indicated that age was related to the outcome. After adjusting for the factor of age, the addition of GOAT or RLAS on the day of admission and the day of discharge increases predictive value of the 3 months functional outcome in patients with mild traumatic brain injury. However, only GCS on the day of discharge was predictive, in the group of moderate-severe traumatic brain injury patients. We recommend including RLAS and GOAT to the routine evaluation for patients of traumatic brain injury, which can offer additional information to medical groups and to know potential cognitive defects and possible preliminary outcome for the family and for discharge plans.


目 錄
致謝.....................................................VI
中文摘要........................................ ......VIII
英文摘要................................................IX
圖表目錄
 圖目錄................................................IV
 表目錄........................................... ....IV
第壹章  緒論
 第一節 研究動機及重要性................................1
 第二節 研究目的........................................3
 第三節 研究問題........................................4
 第四節 名詞界定........................................5
第貳章  文獻查證及研究架構
 第一節 頭部外傷疾病概論................................7
 第二節 頭部外傷認知功能缺損概論.......................10
 第三節 頭部外傷認知功能評估工具.......................12
 第四節 頭部外傷認知功能與預後狀態之相關性.............17
 第五節 研究架構.......................................18
第叁章 研究方法 
 第一節 研究設計.......................................20
 第二節 研究地點、對象、樣本數.........................21
 第三節 研究工具.......................................22
 第四節 研究工具信效度.................................26
 第五節 資料收集方法及步驟.............................28
 第六節 資料分析方法...................................30
 第七節 研究倫理考量...................................32
第肆章 研究結果
 第一節 研究對象人口學特性及疾病特性分析...............34
 第二節 輕度頭部外傷患者人口學特性、疾病特性以及意識狀態
(GCS)、失憶及定向力(GOAT)與認知功能程度(RLAS)三
者之評估結果對於受傷後三個月預後狀態之預測效力.47
 第三節 中重度頭部外傷患者人口學特性與疾病特性以及意識狀
態(GCS)、失憶及定向力(GOAT)與認知功能程度(RLAS)三
者之評估結果對於受傷後三個月預後狀態之預測效力.54
第伍章 討論
 第一節 年齡對於頭部外傷患者受傷後三個月預後狀態之影響.62
 第二節 意識狀態(GCS)對於頭部外傷患者受傷後三個月預後狀態
之預測效力.....................................63
 第三節 失憶及定向力(GOAT)對於頭部外傷患者受傷後三個月預
後狀態之預測效力 ..............................65
第四節 認知功能程度(RLAS)對於頭部外傷患者受傷後三個月預
後狀態之預測效力...............................66
第五節 同時運用意識狀態(GCS)、失憶及定向力(GOAT)與認知功
程度(RLAS)三者之評估結果對於頭部外傷患者受傷後三
個月預後狀態之預測效力.........................68
第陸章 總結
 第一節 結論...........................................71
 第二節 研究建議與護理實務應用.........................73
 第三節 研究限制.......................................75
 第四節 未來研究方向...................................76
參考資料
 中文部分...............................................77
 英文部分...............................................78
附錄
附錄一 研究倫理委員會審查同意書.........................83
附錄二 臨床試驗受試者說明及同意書.......................85
附錄三 病患基本屬性資料表...............................89
附錄四 Glasgow Come Scale (GCS).........................90
附錄五 Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test(GOAT).....91
附錄六 Rancho Los Amigos levels of cognitive function
Scale(RLAS)..................................... 92
附錄七 Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended(GOSE)評分表.......95
附錄八 Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended(GOSE)預後評估結果.97


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