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研究生:劉欣虹
研究生(外文):Chien-Tzu Liu
論文名稱:青少年政治社會化歷程之分析研究
論文名稱(外文):The Process of Political Socialization of Adolescents
指導教授:黃德祥黃德祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Der-Hsiang Hung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:教育專業發展研究所碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:176
中文關鍵詞:青少年(adolescents)政治社會化(political socialization)政治態度(political attitude)政治參與(political participation)
外文關鍵詞:adolescentspolitical socializationpolitical attitudepolitical participation
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本研究主要目的在瞭解影響青少年政治社會化歷程中之不同變項(父母與同儕政治態度、青少年權力意識與政治態度)和政治參與的差異情形,其次探討影響青少年政治社會化歷程中之不同變項與政治參與的相關,再次分析影響青少年政治社會化歷程中之不同變項對政治參與的預測作用。
本研究採問卷調查法,以全國公立國中、高中生共607位青少年學生為研究對象,經施以「基本資料調查表」、「父母與同儕政治態度量表」、「青少年權力意識量表」、「青少年政治態度量表」及「青少年政治參與量表」,再將所得資料以SPSS 12.0統計軟體進行描述統計、獨立樣本t檢定、ANOVA、Pearson積差相關、多元迴歸等方法進行統計分析。
本研究結果發現:(一)不同背景變項中,影響青少年政治社會化歷程中之不同變項有顯著差異。(二)不同背景變項中,青少年在政治參與上有顯著差異。(三)影響青少年政治社會化歷程中之不同變項與政治參與有相關。(四)影響青少年政治社會化歷程中之不同變項對青少年政治參與具有顯著預測力。
本研究根據文獻分析與研究結論,對父母、教師、教育行政機關和未來研究者分別提出建議。

關鍵詞:青少年(adolescents),政治社會化(political socializa tion),政治態度(political attitude),政治參與(political participation)
The main purposes of the study were to explore the impact of political socializa-tion of adolescents with different variables, including parents’ and peers’ political atti-tudes , power consciousness, adolescents’ political attitudes, and the political participa-tion of adolescents between variables from different backgrounds. Also, relationships between the major variables parents and peers’ political attitude, youth power con-sciousness, adolescents’ political attitude and adolescents’ political participation would be discussed. Finally, the study would analyze the prediction of adolescents’ political participation.
This study adopted questionnaire survey. Subjects, 607 students from junior high school, senior high school and vocational high school in Chunghwa County, were ad-ministrated by Basic Investigation; Parents and Peers’ Political Attitude Scale;Youth Power Consciousness Scale;Adolescents’ Political Attitude Scale and Adolescents’ Political Participation Scale. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and canonical correlation, multiple regression.
The results of the study are as follows : (1) There are significant differences on the different background variables of the impact of adolescents’ political socialization. (2) There are significant differences on the different background variables of adolescents’ political participation. (3) Different variables affect the political socialization of ado-lescents’ are associated with political participation. (4) There are significant predic-tions on different variables of adolescents’ political socialization on adolescents’ politi-cal participation.
In this study, according to the literature and research findings, parents, teachers, educational administration, and future researchers and recommendations were made.
Key Words: adolescents, political socialization, political attitude, political par-ticipation
內容目錄
中文摘要 ..................... iii
英文摘要 ..................... iv
誌謝辭 ..................... vi
內容目錄 ..................... vii
表目錄  ..................... ix
圖目錄  ..................... xi
第一章  緒論................... 1
  第一節  研究動機與目的............ 1
  第二節  研究問題與假設............ 7
  第三節  重要名詞解釋............. 8
  第四節  研究範圍與限制............ 10
第二章 文獻探討................. 12
  第一節 政治社會化之相關理論與研究...... 12
第二節 政治態度之相關理論與研究....... 37
第三節 政治參與之相關理論與研究....... 49
第三章 研究方法................. 68
  第一節  研究架構............... 68
第二節 研究對象與取樣方法.......... 70
  第三節  研究工具............... 74
  第四節  資料處理與統計方法.......... 91
第五節 實施程序............... 92
第四章 結果與討論................ 95
第一節 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不
同變項「父母與同儕政治態度」各層面之差
異分析................

95
第二節 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不
同變項「權力意識」各層面之差異分析..
102
第三節 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不
同變項「政治態度」各層面之差異分析..
109
第四節 不同背景變項之青少年在政治參與各層面之
差異分析...............
117
第五節 影響青少年政治社會化之不同變項與政治參
與之相關分析.............
124
第六節 影響青少年政治社會化之不同變項對政治參
與之預測分析.............
128
第五章 結論與建議................ 134
第一節 結論................. 134
第二節 建議................. 139
參考文獻 ..................... 144
附錄A 預試問卷................. 169
附錄B 正式問卷................. 173














表目錄
表 3- 1 預試樣本統計表................ 71
表 3- 2 青少年政治社會化正式問卷(國中部分)...... 72
表 3- 3 青少年政治社會化正式問卷(高中部分)...... 72
表 3- 4 正式問卷有效樣本基本資料分佈一覽表...... 73
表 3- 5 家庭社經地位等級計算表............ 75
表 3- 6 父母同儕政治態度各分量表之題項歸類表..... 75
表 3- 7 父母與同儕政治態度量表內部一致性效標分析及同質性分析摘要表.................
77
表 3- 8 父母與同儕政治態度量表之因素分析摘要表.... 79
表 3- 9 青少年權力意識各分量表之題項歸類表...... 80
表 3-10 青少年權力意識內部一致性效標分析及同質性分析摘要表.....................
81
表 3-11 青少年權力意識量表之因素分析摘要表...... 82
表 3-12 青少年政治態度量表各分量之題項歸類表..... 83
表 3-13 青少年政治態度量表內部一致性效標分析及同質性分析摘要表...................
84
表 3-14 青少年政治態度量表之因素分析摘要表...... 86
表 3-15 青少年政治參與量表各分量表之題項歸類表.... 87
表 3-16 青少年政治參與量表內部一致性效標分析及同質性分析摘要表...................
88
表 3-17 青少年政治參與量表因素分析摘要表....... 90
表 4- 1 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不同變項中「父母與同儕政態度」的平均數、標準差及t考驗、F值......................

97
表 4- 2 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不同變項「父母與同儕政治態度」之事後比較結果摘要......................

98
表 4- 3 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化不同變項中「權力意識」之平均數、標準差及t考驗、F值...
103
表 4- 4 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不同變項「權力意識」之事後比較結果摘要........
104
表 4- 5 不同性別的青少年其影響政治社會化不同變項中「政治態度」之平均數、標準差及t考驗、F值.....
111
表 4- 6 不同背景變項下影響青少年政治社會化之不同變項「政治態度」之事後比較結果摘要........
113
表 4- 7 不同背景的青少年在「政治參與」各層面之平均數、標準差及t考驗、F值..............
119
表 4- 8 不同背景變項下青少年政治參與之事後比較結果摘要......................
120
表 4- 9 影響青少年政治社會化不同變項與政治參與之相關分析......................
125
表 4-10 影響青少年社治社會化之不同變項對政治行動之多元迴歸摘要表..................
128
表 4-11 影響青少年社治社會化之不同變項對抗議行為之多元迴歸摘要表..................
130
表 4-12 影響青少年社治社會化之不同變項對代表參與之預測分析.....................
131



圖目錄
圖 2- 1 青少年個體發展定向分析............ 14
圖 2- 2 政治社會化與政治學習圖............ 22
圖 2- 3 權利決定要素過程............... 32
圖 3- 1 研究架構圖.................. 69
圖 3- 2 研究流程圖.................. 94
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