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研究生:徐堅峻
研究生(外文):HSU,CHIEN CHUN
論文名稱:中文的空間文字與SNARC的關連性
論文名稱(外文):The association of Chinese spatial word and SNARC
指導教授:袁之琦袁之琦引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:心理學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:47
中文關鍵詞:空間一致性
外文關鍵詞:Simon Effect
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Simon Effect為刺激的空間屬性與反應的空間屬性,兩者的一致性所造成,如刺激呈現在左側,用左手反應會比右手快,相對亦然。SNARC為數字隱含的空間屬性與反應的空間屬性連結所造成,如小數(1,2)用左手反應會比用右手快,或大數(8,9)用右手反應會比左手快。兩者都跟空間表徵有關係。Notebaert(2006)使用雙路徑模型研究外在空間位置引發的Simon Effect與SNARC兩現象,進而支持兩者屬於共享空間表徵。本研究改成以「文字」引發的Simon Effect,研究與SNARC的關係。實驗一驗證可以藉由操弄數字大小(大於5,小於5)與反應位置(左側,右側)的連結,改變SNARC的方向性。實驗二操弄文字(左,右)引發的Simon Effect方向(左側,右側),雖然對SNARC的方向無顯著影響,但卻使SNARC效果消失。如果兩者共享空間表徵,那SNARC的方向也會影響Simon Effect,因此實驗三操弄SNARC的方向,結果對Simon Effect無顯著影響。因此,本研究得到的結果是「文字」與數字的空間表徵並不共享,處理歷程互為獨立。
Simon Effect is when you present spatial sign toward left, then left hand or foot response will faster than use right hand or foot. This is a kind of stimulus and response spatial correspondence or consistent effect. Also SNARC (Spatial Numerical Association of Response Code) effect means use left hand to response to small number (eg. 1, 2) is faster than use right hand. And right hand is faster on larger number (eg. 8, 9) response. Notebaert (2006) use double path model to explain both Simon Effect and SNARC effect, and they all relate with the spatial mapping and sharing the overlapping spatial representation. Our studies want to know the relationship between Simon Effect and SNARC effect through the Chinese spatial word (left / right) mediation. In experiment one, we make new rule to let subject practice if number is bigger than 5, then press left key. The result is we can reverse the direction of SNARC effect. In experiment two we present the Chinese word of spatial naming (eg. left, right) and successfully induced the Simon Effect. But it was not influence the SNARC effect. In experiment three we manipulate the spatial line direction of SNARC effect, to see if it will influence the Chinese spatial word Simon Effect. And the result is no influence. And we explain the results support that Chinese spatial word and spatial mental numeric line might be independent and parallel, and not share the same mental spatial representation.
序論 1
The Simon Effect 1
古典的Simon作業 1
Simon Effect的彈性 1
刺激物屬性 2
生理機制 4
時間因素對Simon Effect的影響 5
短期記憶的影響 6
受動器 7
文字的歷程 8
SNARC Effect 9
古典的SNARC作業 9
影響SNARC的因素 10
Simon Effect 與SNARC 11
Dual task與雙路徑模型 14
本研究目的 17
實驗一 20
實驗方法 21
受試者 21
實驗環境與材料 21
實驗程序 22
實驗結果 24
相關作業 24
無相關作業 25
實驗二 27
實驗方法 28
受試者 28
實驗環境與材料 28
實驗程序 28
實驗結果 31
相關作業 31
無相關作業 31
實驗三 33
實驗方法 33
受試者 33
實驗環境與材料 33
實驗程序 34
實驗結果 36
相關作業 36
無相關作業 36
綜合討論 38
參考文獻 41
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