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研究生:曾淑芬
研究生(外文):Shu-Fen Tseng
論文名稱:以生態觀點探討艾蜜莉‧狄金生的詩作
論文名稱(外文):An Ecological Perspective in Emily Dickinson's Poems
指導教授:盧莉茹盧莉茹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Ru Lu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:華梵大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:狄金生《艾蜜莉狄金生詩全集》代表作可行性批評家關鍵字正當性生態觀點與生態批評
外文關鍵詞:Emily Elizabeth DickinsonThe Complete Poems of Emily Dickinsonecological perspective and eco-criticism
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摘要

美國19世紀詩人狄金生(Emily Dickinson)是一位眾所週知、極具個人特色的女詩人。她的詩充滿巧思、睿智與新奇的比喻。雖然她生前默默無聞,死後她的代表作《艾蜜莉狄金生詩集》卻普遍受到讀者的歡迎,更引起文學界的認真關注,開始對狄金生的詩作全新的評估。傳統批評家都是從狄金生作品中的女性主義、歌德式寫作風格或是透過翻譯研究的角度來推究其詩中意義。
本論文完全不同上述解讀。此書試圖以生態論述(Ecological Discourse)與生態批評(Eco-criticism)觀點探討狄金生的詩作,本書分為四部份,第一部份為導論,此部份除了一方面探討多數批評家做的文獻整理之外,另一方面,也說明如何從生態批評的角度探討狄金生作品的可行性與正當性,並且說明何謂生態批評一詞。在第二部份中,此文探討狄金生作品中有關自然主題的一些詩,分析狄金生在詩作中的自然意象及如何呈現她對自然環境的態度。在第三部份中,本書將探討狄金生的作品中有關痛苦、死亡與永生主題的一些詩,探討這些詩作中自然環境與人類的關係到底為何,第四部份為全篇總結。

關鍵字:狄金生、《艾蜜莉狄金生詩全集》、生態觀點與生態批評
ABSTRACT

Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (1830-1886) is one of the nineteenth-century American female writers; she is famous for her poems which are unique and innovative. Although she was not well known in her lifetime, her representative work The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson became popular after her death, and critics began to take interest in her works. When examining poems, critics hold different points of view. Most critics explore Dickinson's poems from the perspective of gender; while some critics analyze her works from the perspective of gothic reading, or from the perspective of translation studies.
Completely different from the above-mentioned readings, this thesis explores Dickinson's poems from an ecological perspective. The thesis contains four chapters. The first chapter is the introduction of the thesis. In the second chapter, this thesis examines Dickinson's poems about nature from an ecological perspective. In the third chapter, this paper discusses Dickinson's poems about pain, death, immortality, and other subjects from ecological perspective. The final chapter is the conclusion of this book.


Keywords: Emily Elizabeth Dickinson, The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson, ecological perspective and eco-criticism
Table of Contents

Acknowledgments I

Chinese Abstract II

English Abstract III

Table of Contents IV

Chapter One: Introduction 1

Chapter Two: Dickinson's Poems about Nature 13

A. The Admiration for Nature's Beauty 13

B. An Intimacy with Nature 26

C. The Close Observation of Living Creatures in Nature 33

Chapter Three: Dickinson's Poems about Pain, Death, Immortality,

and Other Subjects 42

A. The Immersion in Nature 43

B. The Physical Experiences in Nature 52

C. The Religion of Nature 60

D. Other Subjects about Nature 65

Chapter Four: Conclusion 69

Works Cited 72
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