(3.237.97.64) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/09 10:06
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳薇伃
研究生(外文):Wei-Yu Chen
論文名稱:台灣中小企業赴大陸設廠動態能力之建構─以合資與獨資模式為例
論文名稱(外文):The Dynamic Capabilities for Taiwanese SMEs in Mainland China:A Modes of Joint Venture and Wholly Owned
指導教授:李威龍李威龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Long Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:國際企業系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:132
中文關鍵詞:動態能力中小企業合資獨資
外文關鍵詞:Dynamic capabilitySMEsJoint ventureWholly Owned
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:299
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
台灣中小企業的蓬勃,顯示出中小企業在台灣經濟發展占有舉足輕重的角色。隨著產業環境的改變、國際市場競爭日趨激烈及中國具備地緣鄰近關係和低成本等環境之優勢,多數台商轉往中國投資、設廠發展,此亦成為近年學術界關注之議題。
有別於過去動態能力文獻多以大型企業或科技產業為研究對象、以及從組織學習、知識管理等觀點探討;本研究以台灣到大陸設廠之中小企業為研究對象,產業設定在傳產製造業,研究方法採質化方法,藉由六個個案採取半結構式訪談,根據Teece et al. (1994, 1997)所提出之動態能力理論為基礎,以台商赴大陸設廠之模式 (合資與獨資)的不同,探究中小企業在程序、定位及路徑三構面因素中能力的建構及變化,並探討其差異及特性提出解釋。研究發現,進入模式不同,企業在動態能力中之協調能力、學習能力、互補性資產、財務資產及技術研發、產品開發能力發展上,均有明顯之差異。
Taiwan SMEs is flourishing, showing that small and medium enterprises in Taiwan's economic development occupies a decisive role. With the change of industrial environment, the raising of the competition of the international market; China had geographic proximity and low-cost advantages for Taiwan firms, transferred the investment and factories to China. The topic of about that had been attended from academic Field in recent years.
Different from the past references. Literatures of dynamic capabilities always set large enterprises or the technology industry as a research object, and from organizational learning, knowledge management opinion. This study are the SMEs locating factories in China from Taiwan, and the traditional manufacturing industry is major focused in the study, research methods is qualitative method. Six cases had be chosen with semi-structural interviews in the study.
Based on Dynamic Capability Theory (Teece et al, 1994, 1997), discussing the capability building and change of SEMs in the process, position and path. Also, researching the differences and characteristics are analyzed to some conclusion and suggestions.


The findings of the study show that the great differences exist in the two modes when the companies coordinate with each other. For joint ventures and wholly owned, the structure of the dynamic capability of SEMs different distinctly. Especially in the capacity of learning, R&D and product development, and the complementary asset, financial asset. It different significantly here.
目 錄
摘 要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 vi
表 目 錄 vii
圖 目 錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景及研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 台灣中小企業海外投資概況 5
第二節 海外市場進入模式之探討 14
第三節 動態能力 22
第三章 研究方法 44
第一節 研究架構 44
第二節 個案研究法 45
第三節 研究設計 46
第四節 訪談詳細結構 48
第五節 研究限制 49
第六節 個案資料蒐集 50
第七節 介紹個案對象 51
第八節 資料分析策略及研究品質 53
第四章 個案分析 56
第一節 個案公司簡介 56
第二節 合資公司動態能力之分析 60
第三節 獨資公司動態能力之分析 72
第四節 合資與獨資動態能力建構之綜合整理 101
第五節 合資公司對建構動態能力之影響 108
第六節 獨資公司動態能力建構分析 110
第七節 合資與獨資對動態能力之討論 112
第五章 結論與建議 116
第一節 結論 116
第二節 建議 117
參考文獻 118
附錄 133

表 目 錄
表2-1 2008年中小企業之概況.........................................................................7
表2-2 2008年核准對中國投資前十名行業投資金額、比率及年
增率.......................................................................................................10
表2-3 海外市場進入模式定義之彙整...........................................................14
表2-4 Erramilli 與 Rao 對海外市場進入模式之分類.................................15
表2-4 海外市場進入模式之特質...................................................................16
表2-5 外商投資中國項目數...........................................................................18
表2-6 動態能力之相似名詞定義...................................................................24
表2-7 動態能力之定義彙整...........................................................................26
表3-1 個案研究設計元素表...........................................................................42
表3-2 訪談公司之簡介...................................................................................49
表3-3 個案研究信效度檢測表.......................................................................51
表4-1 個案公司之基本資料...........................................................................55
表4-2 A公司動態能力建構表........................................................................61
表4-3 B公司動態能力整理表........................................................................67
表4-4 C公司動態能力整理表........................................................................74
表4-5 D公司動態能力整理表........................................................................81
表4-6 E公司動態能力整理表........................................................................89
表4-7 F公司動態能力整理表........................................................................96
表4-8 個案公司於大陸設廠之基本資料......................................................97
表4-9 六家個案公司動態能力因素之整合表..............................................98
續表4-9 六家個案公司動態能力因素之整合表..........................................99
續表4-9 六家個案公司動態能力因素之整合表........................................100
續表4-9 六家個案公司動態能力因素之整合表........................................101
續表4-9 六家個案公司動態能力因素之整合表........................................102
續表4-9 六家個案公司動態能力因素之整合表........................................103
表4-10 動態能力項目表..............................................................................113

















圖 目 錄
圖1-1 研究流程圖............................................................................................4
圖2-1 2007年海外投資事業之獲利原因........................................................8
圖2-2 2008年海外投資事業之獲利原因........................................................8
圖2-3 2007年海外投資事業之虧損原因........................................................9
圖2-4 2008年海外投資事業之虧損原因........................................................9
圖2-5 2008年台灣赴中國投資之重要動機...................................................11
圖3-1研究架構................................................................................................40
圖3-2 個案研究類型圖...................................................................................43
圖3-3 收斂的多重個案證據來源圖...............................................................47
圖4-1 能力項目二元圖.................................................................................114
參考文獻
一、 中文部分
中華人民共和國國家工商管理總局
http://www.saic.gov.cn/,搜尋日期:2010年2月20日。
中華人民共和國海關總署http://www.customs.gov.cn:82/gate/big5/service.customs.gov.cn/default.aspx?tabid=400,搜尋日期:2010年6月20日。
中華企業資源規畫學會http://www.cerps.org.tw/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=846&Itemid=270,搜尋日期:2010年6月20日。
中華經濟研究院,1999,「中華經濟研究院季刊第三期」http://www.cier.edu.tw/mp.asp?mp=1,搜尋日期:2010年4月27日。
行政院主計處
http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/mp.asp?mp=1,搜尋日期:2010年5月20日。
兩岸經濟架構協議網 (ECFA) http://www.ecfa.org.tw/ShowNotice.aspx?id=49&catalogue=ECFA,搜尋日期:2010年6月20日。
高長,2001,「製造業赴大陸投資經營當地化及其對台灣經濟之影響」,經濟情勢評論季刊,7卷1期
陸委會兩岸情勢報告http://www.mac.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=68360&CtNode=5836&mp=4,搜尋日期:2009年8月14日。
郭英富、彭朱如、喬有慶,2007,「國際合資事業不穩定性之探討」,台大管理論叢,18卷1期:頁183-210。
曾義明,2004,「台商對大陸投資事業之行銷知識移轉研究」,管理評論,23卷1期:頁135-158。
黃國榮、黃敏萍、蔡啟通與陳惠芳,1999,「台商派駐大陸合資企業之管理人員的生活適應與該合資企業的人力資源管理」,台大管理論叢,9卷2期:頁1-32。
經濟部中小企業處,2008,「中小企業白皮書」http://nbfund.megabank.com.tw/main3.htm,搜尋日期:2009年8月14日。
經濟部投資審議委員會,2009,「2009年核准對外投資統計」
http://www.moeaic.gov.tw/,搜尋日期:2009年8月14日。
經濟部投審會,2008,「2008年對海外投資事業營運狀況調查」。
http://www.moeaic.gov.tw/,搜尋日期:2009年8月14日。
經濟部投審會,2009,「2009年對海外投資事業營運狀況調查」。
http://www.moeaic.gov.tw/,搜尋日期:2009年8月14日。
經濟部投審會,「核准對外投資統計」
http://www.moeaic.gov.tw/,搜尋日期:2009年8月14日。
蔡渭水、鐘聖偉,1997,「中小企業國際化策略類型及影響因素之研究」,中原學報, 25卷2期:頁11-20。
諸承明、余坤東、胡秀華,2007,「中國大陸台資企業國際化人力資源管理策略之研究─標準化策略/本土化策略之實證分析」,中山管理評論,15卷2期:頁433-464。
二、 英文部分
Afuah, A. 2000. How much do your co-competitor,s capabilities matter in the face of technological change? Strategic Management Journal, 21(3): 387-404.
Amit, R. and Schoemaker P. J. H. 1993. Strategic Assets and Organizational Rent. Strategic Management Journal, 14:33-46.
Anderson, E. and Gatignon, H. 1986. Modes of Foreign Entry: A Transaction Cost Analysis and Propositions. Journal of International Business Studies, 51: 1-24.
Andrews, K. 1971. The Concept of Corporate Strategy, Irwin: Homewood.
Ansoff, H. I. 1965. Corporate Strategy, New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
Argyres N. 1995. Technology strategy, organization structure and interdivisional coordination. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.
Argyris, C. and Schon D. A. 1978. Organizational Learning: A Theory of Action Perspective, Addison-Wesley, Reading: MA.
Barney, J. 1986. Strategy factor market: Expectation, luck, and business strategy. Management Science, 32:1231-1241.
Barney, J. B. 1991. Firm Resources snd Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1):99-120.
Bishop, P. and Wiseman, N. 1999. The north-south divide in the UK defence sector, Regional Studies, 33(9):829 – 841.
Camp, R. C. 1989. Benchmarking: The search for industry best practices that lead to superior performance. Quality Press, Milwaukee.
Cepeda, G. and Dusya, V. 2007. Dynamic capabilities and operational capabilities:A knowledge management perspective. Journal of Business Reserch, 60:426-437.
Chandler. 1962. Strategy and structure: chapters in the history of the American industrial enterprise, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Chen H. H., Lee P. Y. and Lay T. J. 2009. Drivers of dynamic learning and dynamic competitive capabilities in international strategic alliances. Journal of Business Reserch, 62:1289-1295.
Chen, C. L. and Jaw, Y. L. 2009. Building global dynamic capabilities through innovation: A case study of Taiwan’s cultural organizations. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 26: 247-263.
Clark, K. B. and Fujimoto T. 1991. Product Development Performance: Strategy, Organization, and Management in the World Auto Industry. Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA.
Collis, D. J. 1996. Organizational Capabilities as a Source of Profit. Organizational Learning and Competitive Advantage, 139-163.
Collis, D. J. and C. A. Montgomery. 1995. Competing on Resources: Strategy in the 1990s. Harvard Business Review, July-August:118-128.
Contractor, F. J and Lorange, P. 1988. Cooperative Strategies in International Business. Lexington Books. Toronto.
Cullen, J. B. and Parboteeah. 2004. Multinational Management: A Strategy Approach. South-Western College Publishing.
Czinkta, M. R., Rivoli, P. and Ronkainen, I. A. 1992. International Business, (2nd ed.). Dryden Press.
Davidson, W. H. 1980. The location of foreign direct investment activity: Country characteristics and experience effect. Journal of International Business Studies,11(2):9-22.
Deephouse, D. L. 2000. Media Reputation as a Strategic Resource: An Integration of Mass Communication and Resource-Based Theories. Journal of Management, 26(6):1091-1112.
Devlin, G. and Bleackley, M. 1988. Strategic Alliance—Guidelines for Success. Long Rang Planning,21(5):18-23.
Dierickx, I. and Cool, K. 1989. Asset Stock Accumulation and Sustainability of Competitive Advantage. Management Science, 35, (12):1504–1511.
Dollinger et al. 1997. The Effect Of Reputation On The Decision To Joint Venture. Strategic Management Journal, 18:127-140.
Doz. Y. and Shuen A. 1990. From intent to outcome: A process framework for partnerships. working paper.
Eisenhardt, K. and Martin J. 2000. Dynamic Capability: What are they? Strategic Management Journal, 21:1105-1121.
Elango B. 2005. The influence of plant characteristics on the entry mode choice of overseas firms. Journal of Operations Management, 23: 65-79.
Elango B. and Sambharya R. B. 2004. The influence of industry structure on the entry mode choice of overseas entrants in manufacturing industries. Journal of International Management, 10: 107- 124.
Ernst, D. and Kim, L. 2002. Global production networks, knowledge diffusion, and local capability formation. Research Policy, 31: 1417-1429.
Erramilli and Rao. 1990. Choice of Foreign Market Entry Modes by Service Firms: Role of Market Knowledge. Management International Review.
Fombrun. 1996. Reputation: realizing value from the corporate image. Harvard Business School Press, Boston: MA.
Garvin, D. 1988. Managing Quality, Free Press, New York.
Grant, R. M. 1991. The Resource-Based Theory of Competitive Advantage: Implications for Strategy Formulation. California Management Review, 114-135.
Griffith, D. A. and Harvey M. G. 2001. A Resource Perspective of Global Dynamic Capabilities. Journal of International Business Studies, 32(3): 597-606.
Hall, R. 1992. The Strategic Analysis of Intangible Resources. Strategic Management Journal, 13(2):135-144.

Hamel, G. 1991. Competition for competence and inter-partner learning within international strategic alliances. Strategic Management Journal, 12: 83-103.
Handerson, R.M. and Cockburn. 1994. Measuring competence? Exploring firm effect in pharmaceutical research. Strategic Management Journal, Summer Special Issue, 15: 63-84.
Harrison, J. S., Hitt M. A. and Hoskisson R. E. 1991. Synergies and Post-acquisition Performance: Differences versus Similarities in Resource Allocations. Journal of Management, 17:173-190.
Hayes, R. H., Wheelwright S. C. and Clark K. B. 1988. Dynamic Manufacturing: Creating the Learning Organization, New York, Free Press.
Helfat, C. E. 1997. Know-How and Asset Complementarity and Dynamic Capability Accumulation: The Case of R&D. Strategic Management Journal, 18(5):339-360.
Helfat, Constance, E., Peteraf and Margaret, A. 2003. The Dynamic Resource-Based View : Capability Lifecycles. Strategic Management Journal, 24(10):997-1020.
Henderson, R. and Clark K. 1990. Architectural Innovation: The Reconfiguration of Existing Product Technologies and the Failure of Established Firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35: 9-31.
Henderson, R. and Cockburn I. 1994. Measuring Competence?Exploring Firm Effects in Pharmaceutical Research. Strategic Management Journal, 15:63-84.
Herriott, R.E., and Firestone, W.A. 1983. Multisite qualitative policy research: Optimizing description and generalizability. Educational Researcher, 12(2):14-19
Hill, C. W. L. and Jones G. R. 2010. Strategic Management Theory:An Integrated Approach. 8th ed., Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Hill, C. W. L., Hwang, P. and Kim, W. C. 1990. An eclectic theory of the choice of international entry mode. Strategic Management Journal, 11(2): 117-28.
Hitt, M. A., Bierman L., Shimizu K. and Kochhar R. 2001. Direct and Moderating effects of Human Capital on Strategy and Performance in Professional Service Firms: A Resource-Based Perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 44:13-28.
Iansiti, M. and Clark K. B. 1994. Integration and Dynamic Capabilities: Evidence from Product Development in Automobiles and Mainframe Computers. Industrial and Corporate Change, 3(3):557-605.
Ireland, R. D., Hitt M. A. and Vaidyanath D. 2002. Alliance Management as a Source of Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 28(3):413-446.
Katz, M. and Shapiro C. 1985. Network Externalities, Competition and Compatibility. American Economic Review, 75:424-440.
Knudsen, T. and Madsen, T. K. 2002. Export strategy: a dynamic capabilities perspective. Scandinavian Journal Management, 18: 475-502.
Kogut, B. and Zander U. 1992. Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative capabilities, and the replication of technology. Organization Science, 3(3): 383-397.
Kumar, V. and Subramaniam, V. A. 1997. contingency framework for the mode of entry decision, Journal World Business, 32: 53–72
Langlois, R. 1994. Cognition and capabilities: Opportunities seized and missed int he history of the computer industry. Conference on Technological Oversights and Foresights, Stern School of Business, New York, 11-12.
Leonard-Barton, D. 1992. Core Capabilities and Core Rigidities: A Paradox in Managing New Product Development. Strategic Management Journal, 13:111-125.
Levitt, B. and March J. G. 1988. Organizational Learning. Annual Review of Sociology, 14:319-340.
Lin, H. C. and Shin, C. T. 2007. What Matters between SHRM and Firm Performance?The Perspective of Dynamic Capabilities. Academy of Management, Human Resources Division Proceeding.
Lukas E. 2007. Dynamic market entry and the value of flexibilityin transitional international joint ventures. Review of Financial Economics, 16:91–110.
Luo,Y. 2000. Dynamic Capabilities In International Expansion. Journal of World Business, 35(4): 355-378.

Madhok, A. 1998. The nature of multinational firm boundaries: Transaction costs, firm capabilities and foreign market entry mode. International Business Review, 7:259-290.
Mahoney, J. T. 1995. The Management of Resources and the Resource of Management. Journal of Business Research, 33:91-101.
Miyazaki, K. 1994. Search, Learning and Accumulation of Technological Competences: The Case of Optoelectronics. Industrial and Corporate Change, 3:631-654.
Mody. 1993. Learning through alliances. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 20(2): 151-170.
Molin, M. J. 2000. Dynamic Capabilities, How Can We Make Them Work? working paper.
Morschett D., Schramm-Klein H., Swoboda B. 2010. Decades of research on market entry modes: What do we really know aboutexternal antecedents of entry mode choice? Journal of International Management, 1660-77
Nelson, R. R. 1994. The Co-evolution of Technology, industrial Structure, and Supporting Institutions. Industrial and Corporate Change,3(1): 47-63.
Pak Yong Suhk. 2002. The effect of strategic motives on the choice of entry mode: An empirical test of international franchisers. Multinational Business Review, 28-36.
Pavitt, K. 1991. Key Characteristics of the large innovating firm. British Journal of Management, 2:41-50.
Penrose, E. G. 1959. The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, Wiley, New York.
Porter, M. E. 1980. Competitive strategy; techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. New York, Free Press: 397.
Poter M. E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York, Free Press.
Powell, T. C. 2001. Competitive Advantage:Logical and Philosophical Considerations. Strategic Management Journal, 22:875-888.
Powell, W. W., Koput K. W. and Smith Doerr, L. 1996. Interorganisational collaboration and the locus of innovation: Networks of Learning. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41:116-145.
Prahalad, C. K. and Hamel G. 1990. The Core Competence of the Organization. Harvard Business Review.
Prange C. and Verdier S. 2010. Dynamic capabilities, internationalization processes and performance. Journal of World Business, 1-8.
Ragin, C. C. and Becker, H. S. 1992. What is a case? Exploring the foundations of social inquiry . England: Cambridge University Press.
Root, F. B. 1987. Entry Strategies for International Markets. Health and Company, Washington︰D.C..
Root, F. B. 1994. Entry Strategies for International Markets. Revised and Expanded. NY: Lexington Books,. (II) Periodical.
Rosenberg, N. 1982. Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: MA.
Rumelt. 1974. Strategy, Structure and Economic Performance, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Sampson R. C. 2007. R&D alliances and firm performance: the impact of technological diversity and alliance organization on innovation. Academy of Management Journal , 50(2):364–86.
Schmid, S. and Schurig A. 2003. The development of critical capabilities in foreign subsidiaries: disentangling the role of the subsidiary’s business network. International Business Review, 12: 755-782.
Schramm. 1971. Notes on case studies of instructional media projects. Working paper, the Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.
Selznick P. 1957. Leadership In Administration: A Sociological Interpretation, Harper & Row, New York.
Sher, P. J. and Lee V. C. 2004. Information Technology as a Facilitator for Enhancing Dynamic Capabilities through Knowledge Management. Information & Management, 41(8):933-945.
Shi, Y. and Gregory, M. 1998. International manufacturing networks—to develop global competitive capabilities. Journal of Operations Management, 16: 195-214.
Subba Narasimha P. N. Strategy in Turbulent Environments: The Role of Dynamic Competence. Managerial and Decision Economics. 22: 201–212.
Szulanski, G. 1996. Exploring internal stickiness : impediments to the transfer of best practice with a firm. Strategic Management Journal Special Issue, 17:27-43.
Teece, D. J. 1977. Technology transfer by multinational companies: the resource costs of transferring technological know-how. Economic Journal, 87 (346): 242-261.
Teece, D. J. 1980. Economics of scope and the scope of the enterprise. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 1:223-247.
Teece, D. J. 1994. The Dynamic capabilities of Firms: an Introduction. Industrial and Corporate Change, 5(3):537-556.
Teece, D. J., Pisano G. and Shuen A. 1997. Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7):509-533.
Tripsas. 1997. Surviving Radical Technological Change through Dynamic Capabilities: Evidence from the Typesetter Industry. Industrial and Corporate Change, 6(2):341-377.
Tseng C. H., Lee R. P. 2010. Host environmental uncertainty and equity-based entry mode dilemma: The role of market linking capability. International Business Review, 19 : 407-418.
Tseng, C. H. and Lee R. P. 2010. Host environmental uncertainty and equity-based entry mode dilemma:The role of market linking capability. International Business Review, 19: 407-418.
U.S. General Accounting Office. 1990. Program Evaluation and Methodology Division: Case Study Evaluations, GAO/PEMD-91-10.1.9 Washington, D.C..
Verona, G. and Ravasi, D. 2003. Unbundling Dynamic Capabilities: An Exploratory Study of Continuous Product Innovation. Industrial and Corporate Change, 12(3): 577-606.
Wernerfelt, B. 1984. A Resource-Based View of the Firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5(2):171-180.
Wernerfelt, B. 1989. From Critical Resources to Corporate Strategy. Journal of General Management, 14(3):4-12.
Winter, S. G. 1987. Knowledge and Competence as Strategic Assets, in The Competitive Challenge.:David J. Teece, ed. Ballinger, Cambridge, MA:159-184.
Wolcott, H. 1990. Writing up qualitative research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Womack, J., Jones, D. and Roos, D. 1991. The machine that changed the world. New York: Harper-Collins
Yin, R.K. 1984. Case Study Research:Design and Methods. Hurng-Chih Book Co., Ltd.
Yin, R.K. 1994. Case Study Research:Designing and Methods. 2nd ed. SAGE Publications.
Zhou, K. Z. and Li, C. B. 2009. How strategic oriebtations influence the building of dynamic capability in emerging economies. Journal of Business Reserch.
Zollo, M. and Winter S. G. 2002. Deliberate Learning and the Evolution of Dynamic Capabilities. Organization Science, 13(3): 339-351.
Zollo, Maurizio and Winter, S. G. 2002. Deliberate Learning and The Evolution of Dynamic Capabilities. Organization Science, 13(3): 339-351.
Zott, C. 2003. Dynamic capabilities and the Emergence of Intra-industry Differential Firm Performance: Insights from a Simulation Study. Strategic Management Journal, 24:97-125.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔