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研究生:廖立智
研究生(外文):L.-C. Liao
論文名稱:太陽能發電系統動態分析
論文名稱(外文):Dynamic Behavior of Photovoltaic Systems
指導教授:陳盟仁陳盟仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):M.-J. Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:太陽能市電併聯型MATLAB/SimulinkSimPowerSystems
外文關鍵詞:Photovoltaicsgrid-connectedMATLAB/SimulinkSimPowerSystems
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本論文主要在探討太陽能發電系統在獨立運轉以及市電併聯運轉時正常及系統發生故障情形下的動態特性。該系統主要包括22.8kV市電、太陽能發電系統、功率調節系統、三相變壓器、感應電動機、以及靜態負載等。研究方法是先推導系統組件的數學模型,接著利用SimPowerSystems模組開發並依系統架構連接,最後進行動態特性模擬與分析。為了使研究與實際運轉情形更接近,本論文模擬系統在獨立運轉以及市電併聯運轉情況下,進行正常運轉與故障運轉的模擬分析。研究結果顯示此系統在運轉模式下的動態特性是合理的並且應可和實際運轉情形一致。本研究最大的價值是可做為系統規劃、運轉、以及系統擴充的重要參考。
This thesis presents the dynamic behavior simulations of PV systems operating under normal and abnormal condition. An isolated PV system and a grid-connected system were studied. Major component models included PV model, power conditioning system model, three-phase power transformer model, induction motor model, and static load model. They were developed using SimPowerSystems and employed to cater for the dynamic behavior of the systems. Various system operation conditions were simulated, and the results showed that the systems operated satisfactorily under those conditions. The dynamic behavior study for PV systems are essential for system planning, operation, and further expansion
目 錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 X
符號表 XI
一、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景及動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 論文架構 5
二、太陽能發電系統數學模型 6
2.1太陽能發電系統架構 6
2.2 系統組件數學模型 7
2.2.1 狀態空間表示法 7
2.2.2 太陽能模型 7
2.2.3 功率調節系統模型 11
2.2.4鎖相迴路 18
2.2.5 三相感應電動機模型 19
2.2.6 三相變壓器模型 20
2.2.7 靜態負載模型 20
三、模組開發與應用 21
3.1 軟體工具 21
3.2 基本模組 22
3.2.1 太陽能模組 22
3.2.2 昇壓轉換器模組 23
3.2.3 最大功率追蹤器模組 23
3.2.4 換流器模組 24
3.2.5 鎖相迴路模組 24
3.2.6 三相感應電動機模組 25
3.2.7 三相變壓器模組 26
3.2.8 靜態負載模組 26
3.3功率調節系統模組連結 27
四、太陽能發電系統動態模擬 28
4.1 概述 28
4.1.1 模擬程序 28
4.1.2 系統架構 28
4.1.3 SimPowerSystems模組架構 28
4.1.4 模擬項目 31
4.1.5 系統變數表示法 31
4.2 模擬一:太陽能發電獨立運轉 33
4.2.1 時序圖 33
4.2.2 模擬結果 33
4.3 模擬二:太陽能發電獨立運轉並且發生故障 34
4.3.1 時序圖 38
4.3.2 模擬結果 38
4.4 模擬三:兩套太陽能系統同時與市電併聯 42
4.4.1 時序圖 42
4.4.2 模擬結果 43
4.5 模擬四:兩套太陽能系統在不同時間與市電併聯 54
4.5.1 時序圖 54
4.5.2 模擬結果 54
4.6 模擬五:市電併聯型太陽能系統在匯流排3發生故障 65
4.6.1 時序圖 65
4.6.2 模擬結果 65
4.7 模擬六:市電併聯型太陽能系統在匯流排2發生故障 76
4.7.1 時序圖 76
4.7.2 模擬結果 76
4.8 評論 87
五、結論與未來研究方向 88
5.1 結論 88
5.2 未來研究方向 89
參考文獻 90
附錄A 獨立型太陽能系統動態模擬資料 95
附錄B 市電併聯型太陽能系統動態模擬資料 97
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