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研究生:劉光倫
研究生(外文):Kuang-Lun Liu
論文名稱:分散式柴油引擎發電系統動態分析
論文名稱(外文):Dynamic Behavior of a Distributed Diesel-Engine Power System
指導教授:陳盟仁陳盟仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:柴油引擎動態特性模擬
外文關鍵詞:diesel-enginedynamic behaviorsimulation
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本論文主要在探討一個分散式柴油引擎發電系統的動態特性。該系統的組件包含了市電系統、四套柴油引擎發電系統、感應電動機組、三個集總的靜態負載以及其他組件。研究範圍除了系統組件的數學模型推導外,也包含了相對應的SimPowerSystems模組開發以及進一步的動態特性模擬與分析。本論文模擬了柴油引擎發電系統備轉、柴油引擎發電系統獨立供電、以及柴油引擎發電系統做為分散式電源等三種情況下的五種運轉模式,研究結果顯示此系統在這五種運轉模式下的動態特性都是可以接受的並且應可和實際運轉情形一致。本研究最大的價值是可做為分散式柴油引擎發電系統規劃、運轉、以及擴充的重要參考。
This thesis presents the dynamic behavior simulation of a distributed diesel-engine power system. The mathematical models of the system components were developed using Simulink associated with SimPowerSystems and then employed to cater for the dynamic behavior of the system, including diesel-engine prime mover model, synchronous generator model, induction machine model, three-phase power transformer model, capacitor bank model, and static load model. Five operational modes were devised to simulate the dynamic behavior of the system. The simulation results showed that the system operated satisfactorily under those conditions and should be coincident with practical operations. The dynamic behavior studies for distributed diesel-engine power system are essential for system planning, operation, and further expansion.
中文摘要 ………………………………………….………………………………… i
英文摘要 ………………………………………..…………………………………… ii
誌謝 …………………………………………..………………………………… iii
目錄 ……………………………………………..……………………………… iv
圖目錄 ……………………………………………..……………………………… vii
表目錄 ………………………………………………..…………………………… viii
符號表 ………………………………………………..…………………………… ix
一、緒論………………………………………………..…………………………… 1
1.1 研究背景及動機………………………………………………..………… 1
1.2 文獻回顧……………………………………………..…………………… 2
1.3 論文架構……………………………………………………..…………… 3
二、分散式柴油引擎發電系統數學模型.......……………………………………… 4
2.1 分散式柴油引擎發電系統架構……….…………...……………..……… 4
2.2 系統組件數學模型…………………………………………………..…… 4
2.2.1 柴油引擎機模型………………………………………………..………… 5
2.2.2 同步發電機模型………….…………………………………………….. 6
2.2.3 三相感應電動機模型…………………………………………………….. 8
2.2.4 激磁系統模型…………………………………………………………….. 8
2.2.5 三相變壓器模型………………………………………..………………… 9
2.2.6 靜態負載模型……………………………………..……………………… 10
三、模組開發與運用…………………………………….……….…………..……… 11
3.1 軟體工具………………………………………………….………….…… 11
3.2 基本模組……………………………………………………..…………… 12
3.2.1 柴油引擎機模組………………………………………………….……… 12
3.2.2 同步發電機模組…..…………………………………..………………… 12
3.2.3 激磁系統模組………………………………………………..…………… 14
3.2.4 三相感應電動機模組…………………………………..………………… 15
3.2.5 三相變壓器模組………………………………………………..………… 16
3.2.6 功因補償電容器模組………………………………………..…………… 16
3.2.7 靜態負載模組………………………………………………..…………… 16
3.3 負載模組……………………………………………………..…………… 17
3.3.1 型式一………………………………………………………..…………… 17
3.3.2 型式二………………………………………………………..…………… 17
3.3.3 型式三………………………………………………………..…………… 18
四、分散式柴油引擎發電系統動態模擬…….……………………………………… 19
4.1 概述…………………………………….……….………………………… 19
4.1.1 模擬程序………………………………………….……….……………… 19
4.1.2 系統架構………………………….………………….…………………… 19
4.1.3 SimPowerSystems模組架構…………………………………………… 20
4.1.4 模擬項目…………………………..……………………………………… 20
4.1.5 系統變數表示法與量測資料…..……………………………………… 21
4.2 模擬一…………………………………………………………………… 22
4.2.1 時序圖…………………………………………………………….……… 22
4.2.2 模擬結果……………………….…………………………………….… 22
4.3 模擬二…………………………………………………………………… 28
4.3.1 時序圖……………………………………….…………………….……… 28
4.3.2 模擬結果……………………….…………………………………….… 28
4.4 模擬三…………………………………………………………………… 32
4.4.1 時序圖…………………………………………………….……….……… 32
4.4.2 模擬結果……………………….…………………………………….… 32
4.5 模擬四…………………………………………………………………… 37
4.5.1 時序圖…………………………………………………….……….……… 37
4.5.2 模擬結果……………………….…………………………………….… 37
4.6 模擬五…………………………………………………………………… 44
4.6.1 時序圖…………………………………………………….……….……… 44
4.6.2 模擬結果……………………….…………………………………….… 44
4.7 評論…………………………….…………………………………….… 51
五、結論與未來研究方向……………………………….…………………………… 52
5.1 結論………………………………………..……………………………… 52
5.2 未來研究方向……………………………………..……………………… 52
參考文獻………………………………………………………………… 53
附錄A 分散式柴油引擎發電系統動態模擬資料…………………..… 56
附錄B 分散式柴油引擎發電系統動態模擬負載容量與供電容量變化情形 58
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