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研究生:林恆忠
研究生(外文):HENG-CHUNG LIN
論文名稱:應用模糊多目標數學規畫在JIT企業遴選供應商之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Application of Fuzzy Multi-Objective Mathematical Programming on the Vendor Selection Problem for JIT Purchasing
指導教授:余銘忠余銘忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Min-Chun Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:商務經營研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:一般商業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:供應商評選模糊多目標混合整數規劃JIT採購
外文關鍵詞:Vendor selectionFuzzy multi-objective mixed-integer programmingJIT purchasing
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剛好及時(Just-in-time, JIT)採購旨在確保一個不間斷的生產流程,使得原料的有形存貨和在製品存貨極小化。為了讓產品生產過程平穩,JIT企業在選擇供應商的過程中需審慎考慮供應商及時交貨的能力以做為重要評估準則。然而在實務上,各種突發的生產干擾常使得延遲交貨屢見不鮮。在這種不確定的情境下,建構一套合適選擇供應商模式是必須的。據此,本研究建立一種模糊多目標供應商選擇模式用以解決一般企業在JIT採購實務上選擇供應商的問題。

此外,為了強調及時交貨的重要性,本研究採用一種軟性時窗限制機制允許供應商支付一些罰金在交貨期限已過的時程中交貨。並經由文獻探討決定有五種供應商評估準則分別是品質、交期、價格、地理位址、供應商產能被應用在應決定選擇那些供應商,以及個別供應商的最佳訂購量。其決策準則旨在同時追求採購成本、懲罰金額最小化以及產品品質最大化等三個目標。

最後以國內某電子產業公司為例,來說明具有時窗限制的模糊多目標混合整數供應商選擇模式的執行應用。結果顯示各模糊目標函數彼此間具有相互取捨的性質,同時藉由敏感度分析得之時窗天數和交貨寬鬆期之參數改變,均會對各目標值和整體決策滿意度造成相當程度的影響。因此,當JIT企業同時追求多個不同目標取捨時,應審慎評估重視特定目標結果,以免造成其他目標滿意度大幅下滑的情況,據此做出更合適的決策。
Just-in-time (JIT) purchasing aims at securing an uninterrupted flow process so that the physical stock of raw materials and in-process goods can be minimal. Practitioners have long considered the vendor’s ability to deliver in a timely manner as a critical factor during the vendor selection process for JIT purchasing, so as to smoothen the flow of goods. However, in reality, especially for a long supply chain, interruptions in the form of disruptions or delays are often the norm rather than the exception. Hence, in this type of environment, techniques suitable for handling realistic vendor selection decisions under JIT purchasing are needed. This paper utilizes a fuzzy multi-objective approach to deal with the vendor selection problem for buyers practicing a JIT purchasing strategy.

To highlight the timely delivery criteria, a soft time window mechanism is incorporated to allow the purchased parts to be delivered within a grace period with a specified penalty function imposed should the delivery fall outside of the grace period. Five vendor evaluation criteria chosen from the extant literature including those of product quality, delivery, product price, geographical location of the vendors, and production capacity of the vendors are used for the selection of the vendors and to determine the associated purchasing quantities. These decision criteria aim to pursue three objectives, namely, minimize the purchase cost, maximize the quality level, and minimize the time-window violation penalty.

In order to demonstrate our model and method, we apply them to an electronic industry in Taiwan, and conduct a real case as illustrative example analysis. We find that: applying the soft time-window multi-objective programming method we can obtain the optimal production distribution, and product quantity control objectives are accepted. As analyses aforementioned, the multi objective supply chain model are practicable and effective simultaneously, they can be manipulated to assist decision makers in operating and managing to enhance their globalize competition capability.
目錄
中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT iii
誌謝 v
目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 4
第三節 研究目的 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 5
第五節 研究步驟與流程 6
第六節 論文架構 9
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 供應商評估準則 11
第二節 供應商選擇模式 14
第三節 模糊決策 19
第三章 研究方法 26
第一節 模型建構 26
第二節 模糊理論簡介 27
第三節 建構模糊多目標數學規畫模型 32
第四節 模糊多目標供應商選擇模型求解方法 48
第四章 實證研究分析與討論 58
第一節 實證個案公司簡介 58
第二節 實證個案模型之建立與求解 62
第三節 敏感度分析(Sensitivity Analysis) 77
第五章 結論與建議 85
第一節 結論 85
第二節 研究貢獻 87
第三節 未來研究方向與建議 87
參考文獻 90
附錄一 選擇供應商準則權重之專家問卷 99
附錄二 模糊供應商選擇線性規劃加權模式 101
附錄三 模糊供應商選擇線性規劃單目標模式 104
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