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研究生:陳貴勤
研究生(外文):Kui-Chin Chen
論文名稱:專案管理資訊系統化平台之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Project Management Information System Platform
指導教授:文武文武引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu Wen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:龍華科技大學
系所名稱:商學與管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:一般商業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:專案風險評估淨現值非線性目標規劃內部報酬率專案管理
外文關鍵詞:Non-linear Goal PlanningInternal Rate of ReturnProject Risk EvaluationProject ManagementNet Present
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在人力成本越來越高、凡事均講求效率的年代,如何有效率的掌控專案執行進度及成本,強化專案管理能力已成為現今企業或組織提昇競爭力的主要方式之一。而專案成立的目的通常是為了改革或創造商業機會,因此要能夠如期、如質、如預算、如規劃範疇、並使顧客滿意是具有極大的挑戰性。本研究依據專案管理知識體系,建置全面數位化專案管理系統平台,於專案規劃初期產生專案所需的報表,如專案概念書、專案授權書、專案可行性分析報告等,並提供淨現值法、內部報酬率法及非線性目標規劃等進行專案評選,其次針對27項專案的風險因子於專案規劃初期時進行專案風險評估,在專案規劃部分則導入Microsoft Project的各項功能,如時程規劃、組織資源規劃、人力資源規劃等,以建置專案所需的各項活動。本系統以數位化資訊的流程,俾利專案規劃及累積專案經驗,採用網頁為基礎的方式流覽與輸入,增加系統使用的便利性及彈性,期望專案管理規劃、控制、執行等整體流程管控在數位化、資訊化之下有效率的達成。
In the era of labor costs rising, efficiency is important for running a company. Therefore, how to efficiently manage and control projects is a key to success. The ability of project management has become a modern business or an organization to enhance a company’s competitiveness; projects are usually set up to create business opportunities. Project management is able to do scheduling, budget, planning, controlling, and customer’s satisfaction. This study builds a comprehensive project management system platform based on project management knowledge. In the early stage of project planning, the system generates ad hoc reports such as project proposal, project charter, project feasibility study, and provides the net present value method, internal rate of return method and non-linear goal planning for evaluating projects. Furthermore, we selected 27 of the project risk factors in the early stage of planning projects when the project risk is assessed. In project planning and control, the software of Microsoft Project is used for building schedule planning, organization resource planning, human resource planning. We create information flow for accumulating user experiences of project planning. Finally, the system is built by using a web-based approach so that it is easy to operate, browse and rescale.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究架構與流程 3
1.4 研究方法 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 資訊系統平台之定義 5
2.2 專案之定義與專案管理 7
2.3 影響專案成敗關鍵因素 12
2.4 專案管理重要原則 21
第三章 專案管理理論與技術 23
3.1 專案管理的生命週期及流程 23
3.2 專案經理的角色 27
3.3 專案評選方法 34
3.4 常用的可行性分析模式 36
3.4.1 淨現值法 36
3.4.2 內部報酬率法 37
3.4.3 非線性目標規劃 37
3.4.4 決策樹法 40
3.4.5 速成演算法 42
3.4.6 簡單計算法 43
3.4.7 加權評估法 44
3.5 專案風險 46
3.5.1 常用風險管理工具 51
3.5.2 專案風險因素 62
第四章 系統架構與建置 76
4.1 專案管理資訊系統架構 76
4.1.1 系統環境 76
4.1.2 系統功能 77
4.2 專案管理資訊系統功能 79
4.2.1 專案概念書 79
4.2.2 專案可行性分析 80
4.2.3 專案授權書 81
4.2.4 專案評選 83
4.2.5 風險評估 90
4.2.6 專案規劃控制 92
第五章 結論 94
5.1 研究貢獻 94
5.2 研究結論 95
5.3 後續研究方向 96
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