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研究生:劉濰溢
研究生(外文):Liu Wei-I
論文名稱:區域經濟組織環境與貿易協調機制之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Environment and Trade Coordination Mechanism in Regional Economic Organization
指導教授:李陳國李陳國引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lee Chen-Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:嶺東科技大學
系所名稱:國際企業研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:149
中文關鍵詞:環境與貿易賽局理論區域經濟組織
外文關鍵詞:Environment and TradeGame TheoryRegional Economic Organization
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  • 被引用被引用:2
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隨著經濟全球化的發展,國際貿易與環境問題已成為全球關注的焦點,在全球貿易自由化背景下,建立自由貿易協定(Free Trade Agreement,以下簡稱FTA)更是一股潮流。而環境相關問題日益嚴重、貿易與環境衝突加劇等現象更是層出不窮,因此,本文利用Olson(1982)分析個人與集體的關係,但這一理論也可以推廣到國家。由於區域經濟組織的成員國數量較少,集體行動的協調成本較低,集體行動比較容易產生。同時,由於經濟主體的行為是受制度約束的,制度的規定和實施情況將直接決定制度的運行效果。一個有效率的制度是同時具備約束機制和激勵機制的制度,約束機制能確保制度的有效實施,而激勵制度有助於經濟主體自覺地採取與制度取向相一致的行動,降低制度實施的成本。區域經濟組織一方面採用反向激勵,通過具有約束力的制度或懲罰機制的建立對成員國的「搭便車」等策略行為進行有效限制,從而使集體行動成為可能。另一方面,區域經濟組織也可以通過正向激勵吸引成員國主動減少策略行為,比如對某些財力不足的成員國提供財政支持;鼓勵擁有先進環境技術的成員國向較落後的成員國優惠轉讓環境清潔生產技術;減少落後成員國的債務負擔;削減成員國特別是已開發國家成員國的貿易壁壘,增加市場准入機會等。這種正向激勵比反向激勵更有利於調動成員國負擔集體行動成本的積極性,這也是促進成員國之間開展長期合作、協調解決貿易與環境問題的更好方法。
Following the development of economic globalization, international trade and environment problem has become a focus of global concern. In the background of trade liberalization worldwide, establishing Free Trade Agreement (thereinafter “FTA”) even becomes a trend. Environment related problems are getting serious and more and more trade and environment conflicts are happening. Thus, this research used Olson (1982) to analyze individual and group’s relationship and the theory can be extended to nations too. Because member nations in regional economic organization are lesser, resulting in lower group action’s coordination costs, group action can be implemented easier. Meanwhile, since economic entity’s behavior is bound by system, system’s regulation and actual situation will directly affect system’s implementation results. An efficient system possesses both constraint mechanism and incentive mechanism. Constraint mechanism can assure a system is effectively carried out and incentive mechanism helps economic entity to voluntarily adopt actions that follow a system, so as to lower system’s implementation costs. Regional economic organization on one hand uses reverse-incentive; it sets up system that has constraint power or punishment mechanism to limit member nations’ “hitchhiking” action or other strategic behaviors effectively, allowing the possibility of group action. On the other hand, regional economic organization can also use positive incentive to encourage member nations to reduce strategic behaviors voluntarily. Examples include providing financial supports to nations that have insufficient funds, encouraging member nations that have advanced environment technology to transfer clean production technologies to more backward countries preferentially, reducing backward member nation’s debt burden, cutting down member nation especially developed member nation’s trade barriers, enhancing market access opportunity, etc… Such positive incentives are easier to adjust member nation’s initiatives in bearing group action costs than reverse incentives. Such are also better ways for promoting member nation’s long term mutual cooperation and solving trade and environment problems.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究方法 7
第四節 研究流程 10
第五節 研究架構 11
第二章 文獻探討 12
第一節 環境管制的內容、類型與手段 12
第二節 環境經濟學相關文獻 21
第三節 環境管制與企業競爭力關係的兩種假設 28
第四節 貿易與環境相關文獻 41
第五節 國內學者研究NAFTA相關文獻 54
第三章 多邊及區域貿易與環境問題的協調 58
第一節 多邊環境協議中的貿易限制措施 58
第二節 多邊環境協議與多邊貿易體制之間的矛盾和衝突 66
第三節 貿易與環境問題的多邊及區域協調 74
第四章 賽局理論分析及案例說明 93
第一節 賽局理論分析 93
第二節 案例說明 96
第三節 NAFTA的貿易與環境經驗及拓展 131
第五章 結論及建議 137
第一節 結論 137
第二節 後續研究建議 140
參考文獻 141
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