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研究生:楊佳霖
研究生(外文):Chia-Lin Yang
論文名稱:隔膜電解法產製二氧化氯之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the production of chlorine dioxide by membrane electrolysis method
指導教授:謝永旭謝永旭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yung-Hsu Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:二氧化氯電化學程序亞氯酸鈉消毒副產物
外文關鍵詞:chlorine dioxideelectrochemical technologysodium chloritedisinfect ion by-products
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目前許多歐美國家淨水廠已將二氧化氯(Chlorine Dioxide,ClO2)做為消毒程序之用藥,主要因為二氧化氯消毒效能甚佳並對消毒副產物能有效控制。由於國內並無針對二氧化氯之使用及分析有明確規範及標準方法,且台灣原水水質特性的不同,其應用於淨水程序上尚屬研究階段,因此至今亦無將其應用於淨水程序中消毒用的實例。有鑒於未來食品、醫療及環境用藥等消毒使用,有越來越多使用二氧化氯趨勢,故國內外已有許多相關製備、應用等研究成果;其中國內多數研究皆注重於二氧化氯應用實例,而國外除了應用面外已有相關產製專利。以製備二氧化氯而言,大多數之研究皆著重於以電化學程序來操作進行,該程序有用藥簡單、純度高及可連續產出使用等優勢。本研究主要是探討槽體內不同電解液組成分對二氧化氯產出情形之影響。
研究結果發現電解操作過程中,當開始調升電壓時,槽體內電流溫度方面也開始有升高的情形,並且二氧化氯也有開始產出情形,當在陰極室內添加不同濃度的NaOH時,隨著其濃度的增加,也加速了系統的反應速率,尤其是以添加NaOH 0.5%為最佳的濃度,陽極室隨著NaCl的增加,產出濃度也隨之增加,以NaCl 10%為較佳添加量。在陽極室內主成份為NaCl電解液開始添加不同亞氯酸鈉(NaClO2),有助於提高ClO2的純度及濃度,且隨著加入之NaClO2濃度的提高,ClO2的純度及濃度亦隨之上升,如以二氧化率為最佳產能為目標,以NaCl 2%及NaClO2 6%兩者混合為陽極電解液時,於12V電解20分鐘後可得濃度302.01 mg/L、純度91%之ClO2溶液。調整不同起始pH時,在中性及鹼性下並不會造成ClO2產出之影響,酸性條件下會使ClO2提早產出。
綜合目前研究可知,產製ClO2發現NaClO2的添加的確有助於ClO2的產出,唯設備及操作條件部份尚有相當大的改善空間,因此電化學裝置仍具有一定程度技術可行性及發展潛力。


Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is potentially a powerful disinfectant for water treatment. It is widely used in public water system to treat potable water since it provides less disinfection by-products than chlorine. Today there are no guideline and analysis method for ClO2 in Taiwan yet. In the future, the ClO2 will be more and more widely used as a disinfectant for potable water, food, medicine, environment and so forth. Many researches relating manufacture and application have been studied in the world. Although increased attention has been paid for on-line chlorine dioxide generation by several chemical and electrochemical methods, the details are mostly confined as patents. Lately, the novel electrochemistry technology for ClO2 production has the advantage of high purity, simple dosing and continuous operating on-site. Furthermore, many increasing interests of wastewaters are treated by electrochemistry. This study is focused on the effect of different electrolyte on ClO2 production.
The results were obtained in the electrolysis operation process. It was found the dissolved gas ClO2 produced in the solution was increased, when the cell voltage continuously increased with increasing in the current and temperature. When the NaOH concentration was increased, the ClO2 produced in the solution was fast. The optimum concentration is NaOH 0.5%. As can be observed, electrochemically generated ClO2 concentration increased gradually with a tendency for saturation, when NaCl concentration in the bulk solution was increase. The optimum concentration is NaCl 10%. Moreover, when producing the ClO2 solution with a Venturi injector in the mixed anolyte of NaCl and sodium chlorite(NaClO2), the concentration and the purity of ClO2 were proportional to the initial NaClO2 concentration in the anolyte. It indicated that the maximum concentration and purity of ClO2 solution achieved 302.01 mg/L and 91 %, respectively, in the mixed anolyte of 2 % NaCl and 6 % NaClO2.It was also observed the feed solution was acidic condition and the ClO2 production was ahead of time.
It can be concluded that a great removal in sanitary sewage treatment and a maximum production of ClO2 could be achieved by the electrochemistry technology.


中文摘要.................................................Ⅰ
英文摘要.................................................Ⅲ
目錄.....................................................Ⅴ
圖目錄...................................................Ⅶ
表目錄...................................................Ⅸ
第一章 緒論...............................................1
第二章 文獻回顧...........................................3
2-1二氧化氯概述...........................................3
2-1-1 二氧化氯基本性質....................................3
2-1-2 二氧化氯在水中的反應................................4
2-1-3 傳統二氧化氯製備方式................................6
2-1-4 電化學製備方式......................................9
2-1-5 二氧化氯消毒副產物.................................10
2-2 二氧化氯應用及其分析方法...........................13
2-2-1 二氧化氯與其他消毒藥劑的比較.......................13
2-2-2 二氧化氯之應用範圍.................................17
2-2-3 二氧化氯應用於水處理相關規範.......................20
2-2-4 二氧化氯之分析方法.................................23
2-3電化學程序............................................27
2-3-1 電解原理...........................................27
2-3-2 法拉第電解定律.....................................28
2-2-3 影響電流效率因素...................................28
第三章 材料與方法........................................30
3-1 研究內容.............................................30
3-2 實驗藥品.............................................32
3-3 分析設備.............................................32
3-4 實驗單元.............................................33
3-5 實驗流程及方法.......................................34
3-6 分析方法.............................................37
第四章 結果與討論........................................40
4-1 模組試車操作.........................................40
4-2 電解操作條件.........................................44
4-2-1 不同電壓對二氧化氯及其氯系化合物之影響.............44
4-2-2 陰極室內添加NaOH對二氧化氯及其氯系化合物之影響.....48
4-2-3 陽極室內添加NaCl對二氧化氯及其氯系化合物之影響.....52
4-3 提高二氧化氯產量及純度...............................57
4-3-1 不同電解液組成份之影響.............................57
4-3-2 固定NaCl濃度改變NaClO2添加濃度.....................58
4-3-3 固定NaClO2濃度改變NaCl添加濃度.....................61
4-3-4 固定NaCl最低添加濃度改變NaClO2添加濃度.............64
4-4 不同起始pH值對ClO2之產出影響.........................69
4-5 二氧化氯之衰退試驗...................................75
第五章 結論與建議........................................77
5-1 結論.................................................77
5-2 建議.................................................78
參考文獻.................................................79


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