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研究生:林天慧
研究生(外文):Tien-Hui Lin
論文名稱:論賽謬爾‧德雷尼《飛越涅維揚》中的權力、論述及書寫政治
論文名稱(外文):Power, Discourse, and Politics of Writing in Samuel R. Delany’s Flight from Nevèrÿon
指導教授:林建光林建光引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiann-Guang Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:飛越涅維揚
外文關鍵詞:Flight from Nev&ampegraver&ampyumlon
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賽謬爾‧德雷尼(Samuel R. Delany)是近代最傑出的科幻小說作家之一。有鑑於在科幻小說上偉大的貢獻,他在2002年六月時被引薦為科幻小說名人堂的一員。這篇論文主要將會基於傅柯(Foucault)的權力概念對德雷尼的《飛越涅維揚》進行文本分析。
第一章所要探討的是《飛越涅維揚》中的權力關係以及一種新形式力量的出現。傅柯在他許多作品中都有提到這種新的力量,稱做“生命權力” (biopower)。從德雷尼所寫的故事內容可以看出傳統「絕對」及「中心化」的統治權力已經被「不固定」、「去中心化」的生命力量所取代。
第二章則會著重於德雷尼對愛滋病論述的批判。在生命力量的影響下,為了管理人們的健康、穩定社會秩序,疾病常會被賦予症狀以外的意義。德雷尼以愛滋病為例,他認為愛滋病已經不再單純地只是疾病的一種,而是變成了一個被賦予許多社會意義的隱喻(metaphor)。
最後,第三章將會分析德雷尼在這本小說中的寫作技巧。他顛覆了傳統環環相扣的連貫寫作方式,以許多不相關、不連貫的破碎片段(fragments)來構成他的小說。他的目的是提醒讀者小說的故事是被建構出來的,不能將小說當作一個事實來看。真實(truth)的論述也如同小說一樣,是被社會上具支配地位的論述及權力所建構出來的。因此,他認為我們必須對這些「真實」存疑,而不是將其視為理所當然。


Samuel R. Delany is one of the most prominent science fiction writers. Because of his devotion in science fiction, he was introduced into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame in July 2002. This thesis will textually analyze three important themes in his Flight from Nevèrÿon mainly based on Foucault’s concepts of power: power, the discourse of AIDS, and Delany’s politics of writing. The first chapter intends to analyze Delany’s dealing with power relations and a new form of power, that is, biopower. Power relations and the operation of biopower are two of the important parts in Flight from Nevèrÿon. Chapter One will try to deal with new power relations Delany constructs and how biopower is different from traditional sovereignty.
The discourse of disease, especially AIDS, will be the main focus in the second chapter. Under the influence of biopower, AIDS is not just a kind disease, but a “metaphor.” When people mention AIDS, it no longer only refers to the disease itself. In “The Tale of Plagues and Carnivals,” Delany writes some stories to criticize people’s ignorance about AIDS.
Chapter Three is about Delany’s politics of writing. Delany’s striking and novel politics of writing challenges traditional writing forms and strategies. Different from traditional writing strategies, Flight from Nevèrÿon is divided into three stories which are not related. Delany not only challenges the traditional politics of writing, but also doubts the discourse of “truth” throughout his novel. The discourse of truth, like novels, is constructed by patriarchal language in order to manage and stabilize the population.


Introduction 1
Chapter One: Power Relations: The Interweaving of Royal Power and Biopower 13
Royal Power as a Form of Traditional Sovereignty 15
From Traditional Sovereignty to Biopower 22
Chapter Two: AIDS: The Disciplined Body and the Discourse 41
The Disciplined Body 47
AIDS as a Metaphor 53
Chapter Three: Delany’s Narrative and Politics of Writing 65
The Multiplicity of Delany’s Fictional Structure and Narrative 68
The Discourse of “Truth” 76
Conclusion 85
Works Cited 88



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